Pengaruh Ekstrak Daun Sirih dan Metode Ekstraksinya Dalam Menghambat Penyakit Antraknosa pada Cabai Pascapanen
Extract of Piper betle as An Inhibitor of Anthracnose Postharvest Disease on Chili Pepper
Chili is a horticultural commodity that mostly needed by consumers in the fresh condition. However, there is an interval of time needed to deliver it from producers (farmers) to consumers. During the supply chain, deterioration of the quality of chilli fruit can occur by the presence of anthracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum spp. The use of syntetic fungicides to control anthracnose disease is not recommended because it will leave residues that are harmful to consumers. The alternative that can be done is to use botanical pesticides as fungicides. The aim of this research is to study the potential of Piper betle leaves extract (PLE) in inhibiting the development of the antracnose disease caused by Colletotrichum acutatum on the chili during storage. The sequences of this research were strarted with production of PLE by boiling method which was preceded by blanching, chopping, and without treatment of betel leaves, then bioassay of betel extract by measuring the diameter of fungus growth on PDA+ PLE. The third test was application of PLE on fresh chili fruits by spraying and soaking, continued by observed the antracnoseinsidence on chili during storage time (21 days). The results showed that the chopping method was the best betel leaf extraction method among other treatments, the use of 10% PLE concentration was the most effective concentration in inhibiting the growth of C. acutatum in vitro, spraying treatment using 10% EDS was the most effective in inhibited the insidence of anthracnose disease.
Achmad A, Suryana I. 2009. Pengujian aktivitas ekstrak daun sirih (Piper betle Linn.) terhadap Rhizoctonia sp. secara in vitro. Bul Littro. 20(1):92–98.
Bill M, Sivakumar D, Korsten L, Thompson AK. 2014. The efficacy of combined application of edible coatings and thyme oil in inducing resistance components in avocado (Persea americana Mill.) against anthracnose during postharvest storage. J Crop Protection. 64(2014):159–167. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2014.06.015.
[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2017. Statistik Tanaman Sayuran dan Buah-Buahan Semusim Indonesia. [diakses 2019 Desember 22]. Tersedia pada http://www.bps.go.id
Hertiana T, Purwati. 2002. Minyak Atsiri Hasil Destilasi Ekstrak Etanol Daun Sirih (Piper betle L.) beberapa Daerah di Yogyakarta. Yogyakarta (ID): Yogyakarta.
Petkovsek MM, Schmitzer V, Jakopic J, Cunja V, Veberic R, Munda A, Stampar F. 2013. Phenolic compounds as defence response of pepper fruits to Colletotrichum coccodes. J Physiol Mol Plant Path. 84(2013):138-145. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmpp.2013.09.003.
Sudrajad H. (2004). Pengaruh ketebalan irisan dan lama perebusan (blanching) terhadap gambaran makroskopis dan kadar minyak atsiri simplisia dringo (Acorus calamus L.). Media Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. 14(4):41–44.
Syukur M, Sujiprihati S, Koswara J, Widodo. 2009. Pewarisan ketahanan cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) terhadap antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum. Bul Agron. 37(3):233-239.
Yoon JB. 2003. Identification of genetic resources, interspecific hybridization, and inheritance analysis for breeding pepper (Capsicum annuum) resistant to anthracnose. [Disertasi] Seoul: Seoul National University.
Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.