STRATEGI PENINGKATAN EFEKTIVITAS PENGELOLAAN KAWASAN KONSERVASI DALAM PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA DI TAMAN WISATA ALAM KAWAH IJEN
AbstractTaman Wisata Alam Kawah Ijen (TWAKI) merupakan salah satu obyek wisata di Jawa Timur yang sudah sangat terkenal akan keindahan alamnya dan semakin tahun jumlah wisatawan semakin meningkat. Namun, pengelolaan kawasan konservasi di TWAKI saat ini belum optimal dalam pengembangan ekowisatanya. Pengelolaan kawasan TWAKI menghadapi berbagai macam tantangan, dari faktor eksternal seperti vandalisme, kebakaran hutan, TWAKI menjadi mass tourism, gempa freatik dan keluarnya gas beracun, serta dari faktor internal, seperti: sumber daya, anggaran, tata batas, dan manajemen. Terkait permasalahan dan upaya pengelolaan yang telah dilakukan oleh Balai Besar Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam (BBKSDA) Jawa Timur, maka perlu dilakukan penilaian efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi di TWAKI. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengkaji efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi pada setiap siklus pengelolaan yaitu perencanaan, masukan, proses dan keluaran sehingga didapat rekomendasi strategis yang efektif untuk peningkatan efektivitas pengelolaan kawasan konservasi dalam pengembangan ekowisata di TWAKI. Berdasarkan hasil penilaian Management Effectiveness Tracking Tool (METT) kawasan TWAKI, didapat nilai skor METT telah mencapai nilai minimum indeks METT yang artinya kawasan konservasi sudah dikelola secara efektif. Salah satu strategi untuk mendorong pengelolaan TWAKI yang berkelanjutan, efektif dan berdampak bagi kesejahteraan masyarakat yaitu pengelolaan secara bersama dengan pemangku kepentingan (stakeholders) untuk membangun suatu model kolaborasi pengelolaan.
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