The Unique Communication Pattern of Japanese and Indonesian Families Shaping Specific Character to their Children

  • Dwi Rini Sovia Firdaus Universitas Pakuan
  • Alo Karyati
  • Rakhe S. Rakasiwi
  • Tubagus Nugraha
Keywords: children's character, cultural communication pattern, Hofstede's cultural dimensions, Japanese and Indonesian families, productive-age parents


The character-building system in Japan has become a role model in Indonesia. The initiators of education policies in Indonesia are intensively promoting character building as a solution to the decline in the quality of human resources. Character building in Japan and in Indonesia are carried out by the nuclear family at home. This study maps the differences in the communication patterns of Indonesian and Japanese parents in teaching character building to their children. Parents of productive age 17-50 years were used as respondents, had junior high school to postgraduate education, and had children aged 0-15 years. Questionnaires were distributed using google forms to Japanese people in Japan and Indonesians in Indonesia. It was found that the value of hard work in Indonesian families stems from the desire to avoid uncertainty and parents’ pragmatic thinking. In Japanese families, avoiding uncertainty teaches children a spirit of enthusiasm. Hofstede's cultural dimensions cannot explain the source of the spirit of togetherness in Indonesian and Japanese families, as well as the source of the spirit of hard work, and responsibility in Japanese families.


Metrics Loading ...


Download data is not yet available.


Andarini, C. A., Dewi, N. M. A. A., & Damayanti, S. (2017). Konsep Ikuji yang Diterapkan oleh Tokoh Umi Suzuki yang Tercermin dalam Drama Risou no Musuko. Jurnal Humanis Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Unud, 21(1), 209–214.
Baba, S., Eshak, E. S., Shirai, K., Fujiwara, T., Yamaoka, Y., & Iso, H. (2020). Factors associated with family member's spanking of 3.5-year-old children in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology, 30(10), 464–473.
Bailey, J. A., Hill, K. G., Oesterle, S., & Hawkins, J. D. (2009). Parenting Practices and Problem Behavior Across Three Generations: Monitoring, Harsh Discipline, and Drug Use in the Intergenerational Transmission of Externalizing Behavior. Developmental Psychology, 45(5), 1214–1226.
Benedict, R. (1989). The Chrysanthemum and The Sword: Patterns of Japanese Culture. Houghton Mifflin Company.
Bornstein, M., Tal, J., & Tamis-LeMonda, C. (1991). Parenting in Cross-Cultural Perspective: The United States, France, and Japan. Crosscurrents in Contemporary Psychology. Cultural Approaches to Parenting, 69–90.
Castells, M. C. (2011). The Rise of the Network Society. In Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Vol. I (Second). Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Davies, R. J., & Ikeno, O. (2002). The Japanese Mind: Understanding Contemporary Japanese Culture (Vol. 148). Tuttle Publishing.
Endendijk, J. J., Groeneveld, M. G., van der Pol, L. D., van Berkel, S. R., Hallers-Haalboom, E. T., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & Mesman, J. (2017). Gender Differences in Child Aggression: Relations With Gender-Differentiated Parenting and Parents’ Gender-Role Stereotypes. Child Development, 88(1), 299–316.
Firdaus, D. R. . (2019). The Coexistence Between Matrilineal Family Structures and the Religious Order of the Minangkabau Community. 04(01), 18–25.
Firdaus, D. R. ., Lubis, D. ., Soetarto, E., & Susanto, D. (2018). Potret budaya masyarakat minangkabau berdasarkan keenam dimensi budaya Hofstede. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan.
Gay, L. R., & Diehl, P. L. (1992). Research Methods for Business and Management, Macmillan Publishing Company, 1992, MD Shields. 9780023408, 1992.
Ghiamitasya, M. (2012). Perubahan Peran Ayah dalam Pengasuhan Anak di Jepang pada Era Shoushika. Japanology, 1(1), 107–115.
Goto, A., Surkan, P. J., & Reich, M. R. (2020). Challenges to changing the culture of parenting in Japan. Journal of Epidemiology, 30(10), 427–428.
Hofstede, G. (2012). Hofstede's cultural dimensions: Understanding workplace values around the world. 1–5. and Inclusion/Cultural Dimensions.pdf
Hofstede, G., Hofstede, G. J., & Minkov, M. (2010). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. In McGraw Hill. McGraw Hill.
Holliday, A., Hyde, M., & Kullman, J. (2004). Intercultural communication: an advanced resource book. Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
Iqbal, C. I. (2018). Budaya Komunikasi Dalam Masyarakat Jepang. Walasuji : Jurnal Sejarah Dan Budaya, 9(1), 129–140.
Kachi, Y., Kato, T., & Kawachi, I. (2020). Socio-economic disparities in early childhood education enrollment: Japanese population-based study. Journal of Epidemiology, 30(3), 143–150.
Khlif, H. (2016). Hofstede's cultural dimensions in accounting research: A review. In Meditari Accountancy Research (Vol. 24, Issue 4).
Logan, R. (2011). McLuhan misunderstood: setting the record straight. In Razón y palabra (Issue 76).
Mintu, A. T. (1992). Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind. Journal of International Business Studies, 23(2), 362–365.
Putri, D. M., & Izmayanti, D. K. (n.d.). Pola Asuh Dalam Nuclear Family di Jepang. 1–10.
Razmin, N. H. ., Anuar, N. I. ., Yusoff, N. D. ., & Mahdi, N. . N. (2013). Globalisasi sebagai Salah Satu Kolonialisme Bentuk Baru dan Kesan Kepada Ekonomi. Proceeding of the International Conference on Social Science Research, ICSSR, (e-ISBN 978-967-11768-1-8), 4-5 June 2013. Penang Malaysia. Organized by WorldConference.Net, 1–12.
Samovar, L. A., Porter, R. E., McDaniel, E. R., & Roy, C. S. (2015). Intercultural Communication A Reader. Cengage LEarning.
Spock, B. (2001). Dr. Spock's The First Two Years: The Emotional and Physical Needs of Children from Birth to Age 2 (p. 176). Pocket Books.
Suryandari, N. (2019). Buku Ajar KOMUNIKASI LINTAS BUDAYA. PMN.
Taras, V., Kirkman, B. L., & Steel, P. (2010). Examining the Impact of Culture's Consequences: A Three-Decade, Multilevel, Meta-Analytic Review of Hofstede's Cultural Value Dimensions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95(3), 405–439.
Wallerstein, I. (2011). The Modern World-System I. University of California Press.
Wu, M. (2006). 04%20Ming-Yi%20Wu.pdf. Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions 30 Years Later, 1984, 33–42. accessed 25 September 2021 accessed 25 Sept 2021
Koyoukintoujidoukateikyoru/0000174787.pdf. Accessed 15 September 2021 (in Japanese)
How to Cite
FirdausD. R. S., KaryatiA., RakasiwiR. S., & NugrahaT. (2022). The Unique Communication Pattern of Japanese and Indonesian Families Shaping Specific Character to their Children. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan, 20(01), 61-73.