Evaluasi Kebutuhan Nutrien dan Suplementasi Zinc untuk Calon Galur Ayam IPB-D2 Fase Pre-layer

Evaluation of Nutritional Requirements and Zinc Supplementation for IPB-D2 Prospective Chicken Lines in the Pre-Layer Phase

  • F D S Falah Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • Sumiati Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • C Sumantri Departemen Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Peternakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
  • D M Suci Departemen Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan, Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Keywords: calon galur ayam IPB-D2, zink, performa, profil darah, MDA


This study aimed to evaluate nutrient requirements and zinc supplementation for IPB D-2 pre-layer chicken line candidates on performance, blood profile, and blood malondialdehyde (MDA). This study used 200 of 16 weeks IPB-D2 chickens line candidates reared until 19 weeks of age (pre-layer phase). This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 2 treatments and 10 replications. The treatment rations were formulated to fill the chicken nutrient requirements according to Lohman (2020) without the addition of Zinc and with the addition of 120 ppm Zinc. The data were analyzed using the T test. The results showed that the ration supplemented with 120 ppm zinc did not significantly affect performance, but it was able to increase body weight uniformity. The 120-ppm Zinc supplementation significantly (p<0.05) decreased erythrocytes, however it tended to lower blood MDA. In conclusion, 120 ppm Zinc supplementation in the ration is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement of IPB-D2 chicken line candidates in the pre-layer phase.

Key words:        IPB-D2 chicken line candidates, Zinc, performance, blood profile, MDA


Download data is not yet available.


Abbas S, Elseid AG & Ahmed M. 2010. Effect of body weight uniformity on the productivity of broiler breeder hens. International Journal of Poultry Science 9 (3): 225-230.

Aksu DS, Aksu T, Özsoy B & Baytok E. 2010. The effects of replacing inorganic with a lower level of organically complexed minerals (Cu, Zn and Mn) in broiler diets on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense systems. Asian- Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 23(8):1066-1072.

Aulia R, Sugito, Hasan M, Karmil TF, Gholib & Rinidar. 2017. The number of leukocyte and leukocyte differential in broilers that infected with Eimeria tenella and given neem leaf and jaloh extract. Jurnal Medika Veterinerinaria. 11(2):93-99.

Bell DD. 2002. Anatomy of The Chicken. In: Bell DD and Weaver Jr WD, editor. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. 5th edition. US: Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Cobb-Vantress. 2013. Cobb 500 SF Breeder Management Supplement. Cobb Vantress Inc Siloam Springs.

Coles BH. 2006. Essential of Avian Medicine and Surgery. Iowa (US): Blackwell Publishing.

Dardenne M. 2002. Zinc and immune function. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 56(Suppl 3): S20–S23

Darmawan A, Sumiati & Hermana W. 2017. Pengaruh level vitamin E dan Zink dalam ransum terhadap performa dan oksidasi lemak pada telur itik segar dan setelah disimpan. Buletin Peternakan. 41(2):169-175.

Day MJ & Schultz RD. 2010. Veterinary Immunology: Principles and Practice. London (UK): Manson Publishing.

Francis G, Zohar K, Harinder PS, Makkar HP & Becker K. 2002. The biological action of saponin in animal systems: A review. British Journal of Nutrition . 88 (6):587-605.

Guyton AC & Hall JE. 2010. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 12th Ed. Philadelphia (US): WB Saunders Company,

Hidayat C, Sumiati, Jayanegara A & Wina E. 2020. Effect of zinc on the immune reponse and production performance of broilers: A meta-analysis. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 33(3):465-479.

HuangL, Li X, Wang W, Yang L & Zhu Y. 2019. The role of zinc in poultry breeder and hen nutrition: an update. Biological Trace Element Research. 192(2): 308-318.

Khairunnisa S, Sumiati, Sumantri C & Winarsih W. 2021. The effect of zinc supplementation in different types of feed on the performance and health status of IPB-D2 chickens. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environmental Science. 888(1).

Larvor P. 1983. The Pools of Cellular Nutrients: Mineral. Amsterdam (NL):Dynamic Biochemistry of Animal Production, Elsevier.

Leeson S & Summers JD. 2010. Broiler Breeder Production. Nottingham (UK): Nottingham University Press

Lohmann T. 2020. Lohmann Brown-Lite Layers. Germany (DE): Cuxhaven.

Ma A & Malynn BA. 2012. A20: linking a complex regulator of ubiquitylation to immunity and human disease. Nature Review Immunology 12(11):774–785

Mishra SK, Sethi K, Swain PS, Das A & Kanunugo S. 2014. Importance of zinc supplementation in layer bird nutrition. Poultry Line. 1:59-62.

NRC. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th revised ed. Washington (US): National Academy Press,

Paul MA. 2019. Microalgae and Zinc Source Supplementation of Broiler Breeder Diets Affects Broiler Breeder Skeletal Development and Reproduction with Transgenetional Impacts on Offspring Performance and Skeletal Characteristics. Kentucky [US]: Animal and Food Sciences University Kentucky.

Powell SR. 2000. The antioxidant properties of zinc. Journal of Nutrition. 130(5): 1447s–1454s

Prasad AS. 2013. Biochemistry of Zinc. New York [US]: Springer Science & Business Media.

Rice-Evans CA, Diplock AT & Symon MCR. 1991. Techniques in Free Radical Research (Laboratory Techniques in Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Amsterdam (NL): Elsevier.

Sahin K, Smith MO, Onderci M, Sahin N, Gursu MF & Kucuk O. 2005. Supplementation of zinc from organic or inorganic source improves performance and antioxidant status of heat-distressed quail. Poultry Science. 84: 882-887

Samour J. 2015. Diagnostic Value of Hematology in Clinical Avian Medicine. Volume II. Harrison GJ, Lightfoot TL. Florida [US]: Spix Publishing

Sastradipraja D, Sikar SHS, Wijayakusuma R, Ungerer T, Maad A, Nasution H, Suriawinata R & Hamzah R. 1989. Penuntun Praktikum Fisiologi Veteriner. Bogor (ID): Pusat Antar Universitas Ilmu Hayati. IPB

Schalm. 2010. Schalm’s Veterinary Hematology. 6th Ed. Editor: J. Douglas, Weiss K, Jane W. Oxford (US): Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Siegel HS. 1995. Stress, strain and resistence. British Poultry Science. 36:3-22.

Smith JB & Mangkoewidjojo S. 1988. Pemeliharaan, Pembiakkan dan Penggunaan Hewan Percobaan di Daerah Tropis. Jakarta (ID):UI Press.

Sumantri C & Darwati S. 2017. Perkembangan terkini riset ayam unggul IPB-D1. Di dalam: Purnama IN, Rahmasari R, Silvia R, editor. Peningkatan Implementasi Inovasi Riset pada Industri Peternakan. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Industri Peternakan Bogor (ID) : Fakultas Peternakan IPB

Sumantri C. 2020. Performa pertumbuhan ayam IPB-D1 pada perlakuan pakan dan manajemen pemeliharaan yang berbeda. Jurnal Agripet. 20(2):177–186

Sunder GS, Panda AK, Gopinath NCS, Rao SR. Raju MVLN. Reddy MR & Kumar CV. 2008. Effects of higher levels of zinc supplementation on performance, mineral availability, and immune competence in broiler chickens. Journal of Applied Poultry Research. 17(1) : 79-86

How to Cite
FalahF. D. S., Sumiati, SumantriC., & SuciD. M. (2022). Evaluasi Kebutuhan Nutrien dan Suplementasi Zinc untuk Calon Galur Ayam IPB-D2 Fase Pre-layer: Evaluation of Nutritional Requirements and Zinc Supplementation for IPB-D2 Prospective Chicken Lines in the Pre-Layer Phase. Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi Dan Teknologi Pakan, 20(3), 123-129. https://doi.org/10.29244/jintp.20.3.123-129