Habitat Preference and Spatial Distribution of Juvenile Blue Swimming Crab (Portunus pelagicus) in the East Lampung Coastal Waters, Lampung Province

Muhamad Radifa, Yusli Wardiatno, Charles P.H. Simanjuntak, Zairion Zairion


Information on habitat preferences of the blue swimming crab (BSC) juvenile and its spatial distribution is one of the factors behind the successfulness of its sustainable management. This information is needed to provide input for management strategy by considering juvenile crabs and their habitat as important aspect. The purpose of this study is to elucidate habitat preferences, abundance and biomass distribution of BSC juvenile in the east Lampung coastal waters. The research was conducted in September-October 2018, which was located in east Lampung coastal waters, Province Lampung. Spatial distribution through estimation of abundance and biomass of BSC juvenile  were relatively high and concentrated in the Gambas and Wako regions at stratification of 2-4 miles from the coastline. The BSC juvenile does not appear to have a high preference to the Kuala Penet coastal habitat condition; it is considered because of low value of abundance, biomass, and Habitat suitability index (HSI). The value of HSI in the Kuala Penet Coastal region is also lower than other locations due to abiotic and biotic factors for supporting the crabs at juvenile stage.


Anam A, Redjeki S, Hartati R. 2019. Sebaran ukuran lebar karapas dan berat rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) di perairan Betahwalang Demak. Journal of Marine Research. 7(4), 239-247.

Beck MW, Heck KL, Able KW, Childers DL, Eggleston DB, Gillanders BM, Halpern B, Hays CG, Hoshino K, Minello TJ et al. 2001. The identification, conservation, and management of estuarine and marine nurseries for fish and invertebrates: A better understanding of the habitats that serve as nurseries for marine species and the factors that create site-specific variability in nursery quality will improve conservation and management of these areas. BioScience. 51(8): 633–641. doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik Kabupaten Tulang Bawang. 2016. Kabupaten Tulang Bawang Dalam Angka. ISSN: 1907-4727. 372 pp.

Bricker SB, Ferreira JG, Simas T. 2003. An integrated methodology for assessment of estuarine trophic status. Ecological Modelling. 169: 39-60.

Bryars SR, Havenhand JN. 2004. Temporal and spatial distribution and abundance of the blue swimming crab (Portunus pelagicus) larvae in temperate gulf. Marine and Freshwater Research. 55(8): 805–818. doi: 10.1071/MF04045

Edgar GJ. 1990. Predator-prey interactions in seagrass beds. II. Distribution and diet of the blue manna crab Portunus pelagicus Linnaeus at Cliff Head, Western Australia. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 139(1-2): 23-32.

Foka MC, Kondylatos G, Economidis PS. 2004. Occurrence of the lessepsian species Portunus pelagicus (Crustacea) and Apogon pharaonis (Pisces) in the marine area of Rhodes Island. Mediterranean Marine Science. 5(1): 83-89.

Hamid A, Wardiatno Y, Lumbanbatu DTF, Riani E. 2017. Pengelolaan rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) yang berkelanjutan berdasarkan aspek bioekologi di Teluk Lasongko, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Kebijakan Perikanan Indonesia. 9(1), 41-50.

Hosseini M, Vazirizade A, Parsa Y, Mansori A. 2012. Sex ratio, size distribution and seasonal abundance of blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Persian Gulf Coasts, Iran. World Applied Sciences Journal. 17(7): 919-925.

Ikhwanuddin M, Azra MN, Talpur MAD, Abol-Monafi AB, Shabdin ML. 2012. Optimal water temperature and salinity for production of the blue swimming crab, Portunus pelagicus 1st day juvenile crab. AACL Bioflux. 5(1): 4-8. ISSN: 1844-8143.

Isarankura AP. 1971. Assessment of Stocks of Demersal Fish Off The West Coasts of Thailand And Malaysia. IOFC/DEV/71/20 FAO. Roma.

Kumar M, Ferguson G, Xiao, Y, Hooper G, Venema S. 2000. Studies on reproductive biology and distribution of blue swimmer crab (Portunus pelagicus) in South Australian Waters. SARDI Research Report Series. 47: 1324-2083.

Kurnia R, Boer M, Zairion. 2014. Biologi populasi rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) dan karakteristik lingkungan habitat esensialnya sebagai upaya awal perlindungan di Lampung Timur. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 19(1): 22-28.

Lai JCY, Ng PKL, Davie PJF. 2010. A revision of the Portunus pelagicus (Linnaeus, 1758) species complex (Crustacea: Brachyura: Portunidae), with the recognition of four species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 58(2): 199-237.

Miethe T, Bastardie F, Dorrien CV, Nielsen JR. 2014. Impact assessment of a fisheries closure with effort and landings spatial analyses: A case study in the Western Baltic Sea. Fisheries Reseach 157: 170-179. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fishres. 2014.04.004.

Ng PKL. 1998. Crabs. In: The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific, Volume 2: Cephalopods, Crustaceans, Holothurians and Sharks. Di dalam: Carpenter KE & Niem VA (Editors). FAO Species Identification Guide For Fishery Purposes. Rome (IT): FAO of The United Nations. pp.1045-1146.

Nitiratsuwan T, Nitithamyong C, Chiayvareesajja S, Somboonsuke B. 2010. Distribution of Blue Swimming Crab (Portunus pelagicus Linnaeus, 1758) in Trang Province. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology. 32(3): 207-212.

Oniam V, Taparhudee W, Yoonpundh R. 2018. Impact of Different Pond Bottom Soil Substrates on Blue Swimming Crab (Portunus pelagicus) Culture. Walailak Journal of Science and Technology. 15(4), 325-332.

Pedapoli S, Ramudu KR. 2014. Effect of water quality parameters on growth and survivability of mud crab (Scylla tranquebarica) in grow out culture at Kakinada coast, Andhra Pradesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Study. 2(2): 163-166.

Potter IC, De Lestang S. 2000. Biology of the blue swimmer crab Portunus pelagicus in Leschenault Estuary and Koombana Bay, south-western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia. 83(4): 443-458.

Ravi R, Manisseri MK. 2012. Survival rate and development period of the larvae of Portunus pelagicus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae) in relation to temperature and salinity. Fisheries and Aquaculture Journal: 1-9.

Ravi R, Manisseri MK. 2013. Effect of different pH and photoperiod regimens on the survival rate and developmental period of the larvae of Portunus pelagicus (Decapoda, Brachyura, Portunidae). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences. 12(2): 490-499.

Romano N, Zeng C. 2006. The effects of salinity on the survival, growth and haemolymph osmolality of early juvenile blue swimmer crabs, Portunus pelagicus. Aquaculture. 260(1-4): 151-162.

SCSP (South China Sea Development Programme). 1978. Report on the workshop on the demersal resources of the Sunda Shelf, Part I. Manila. South China Sea Fisheries Development and Coordinating Programme. 7(12): 44.

Shindo S. 1973. General review of the trawl fishery and the demersal fish stock of the South China Sea. FAO Fisheries Technical Paper (120). Roma.

[USFWS] US Fish and Wildlife Service. 1981. ESM 103, Standards for the development of habitat suitability index models. Washington, DC: Division of Ecological Services, US Fish and Wildlife Service, Dept. of the Interior.

Vincenzi S, Caramori G, Rossi R, de Leo GA. 2007. A comparative analysis of three habitat suitability models for commercial yield estimation of Tapes philippinarum in a North Adriatic coastal lagoon (Sacca di Goro, Italy). Marine pollution bulletin. 55(10): 579-590. doi: 10.1016/ j.marpolbul.2007.09.016.

Yokes MB, Karhan SÜ, Okus E, Yüksek A, Aslan-Yilmaz A, Yilmaz IN, Galil BS. 2007. Alien crustacean decapods from the Aegean coast of Turkey. Aquatic Invasions. 2(3): 162-168.

Zairion, Boer M, Wardiatno Y, Fahrudin A. 2014. Komposisi dan ukuran rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) yang tertangkap pada beberapa stratifikasi batimetri di Lampung Timur. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia (JPPI). 20(4): 199-206. doi: 10.15578/jppi.20.4.2014.199-206.

Zairion. 2015. Pengelolaan berkelanjutan perikanan rajungan (Portunus pelagicus) di Lampung Timur [disertasi]. Bogor (ID): Sekolah Pascasarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor. 264 hlm.


Muhamad Radifa
Yusli Wardiatno
Charles P.H. Simanjuntak
Zairion Zairion
zairion@apps.ipb.ac.id (Primary Contact)
RadifaM., WardiatnoY., SimanjuntakC. P. and ZairionZ. (2020) “Habitat Preference and Spatial Distribution of Juvenile Blue Swimming Crab (Portunus pelagicus) in the East Lampung Coastal Waters, Lampung Province”, Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management). Bogor, ID, 10(2), pp. 183-197. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.2.183-197.

Article Details

Most read articles by the same author(s)