Water Pollution from the Activity of Large-Ruminant Animal Quarantine Installation (AQI) in Its Receiving Water Body

N. Zainuddin, M. S. Maarif, E. Riani, S. M. Noor


Indonesia governs the post-entry observation through the Animal Quarantine Installation (AQI) as a precautionary measure to minimize the risk of the entrance and the spread of animal infectious organism and disease of import animals. However, wastes generated from their activities are potentially pollute the environment. This research aimed to evaluate the pollution from AQI activity on its receiving water body. The study was conducted at 5 companies as follow: PT. A, PT. B, PT. C, PT. D, and PT. E. The samples were taken from their wastewater and the river where the waste was discarded with two replications. Direct measurement was carried out in the field by using water quality equipment to analyze pH, temperature, DO, and TDS. For other analysis, samples collected were preserved in refrigerator at 4 °C before laboratory testing was carried out to minimize microbiological decomposition of solids. Pollution variabels were analyzed by analysis of variance test (ANOVA) with 95% confidence level followed by turkey test. The results showed that there was no difference in pollution from temperature, DO, TDS, TSS, COD, and ammonia variables from 5 companies. In contrast, two variables i.e., pH and BOD indicating the difference among 5 companies (P<0.05). In conclusion, the results of wastewater variables from large-ruminant AQI activity were generally exceeding the Quality Standard of Wastewater for cattle-farming. Thus there is a pollution of water bodies in the environment around AQI due to their activities.


Abdel-Raouf, N., A. A. Al-Homaidan, & I. B. M. Ibraheem. 2012. Microalgae and wastewater treatment. Saudi J. Biol. Sci. 19:257-275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2012.04.005

Amalia, F., K. Nirmala, E. Harris, & T. Widiyanto. 2014. Kemampuan Lemna (Lemna perpusilla Torr) sebagai fitoremediator untuk menyerap limbah nitrogen dalam budidaya ikan lele (Clarias Gariepinus) di system resirkulasi. Limnotek. 21:185-192.

Barantan (Badan Karantina Pertanian). 2017. Data Importasi Sapi Tahun 2013-2016. Jakarta.

Bartelt-Hunt, S., D. D. Snow, T. Damond-Powell, & D. Miesbach. 2011. Occurrence of steroid hormones and antibiotics in shallow groundwater impacted by livestock waste control facilities. J. Contam. Hydrol. 123:94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconhyd.2010.12.010

Borguini, R.G., D. H. M. Bastos, J. M. M. Neto, F. S. Capasso, & E. A. F. S. Torres. 2013. Antioxidant potenstial of tomatoes cultivated in organic and conventional systems. Braz. Arch. Biol. Technol. 56:521-529. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132013000400001

Cordova, M. R. & E. Riani. 2011. Konsentrasi logam berat (Hg,Cd,Pb) pada air dan sedimen di muara sungai angke, Jakarta. Jurnal Hidrosfir Indonesia Pusat Teknologi Lingkungan BPPT. 6:107-112 .

Damanik, L.H. 2014. Pemanfaatan feses ternak sapi sebagai energi alternatif biogas bagi rumah tangga dan dampaknya terhadap lingkungan. J. Teknosains. 4:1-102. https://doi.org/10.29244/avi.3.2.70-76

Danial, R., H. Latif, & A. Indrawati. 2015. Deteksi residu hormon trenbolone acetat pada sapi siap potong impor asala Australia. Acta Veterinaria Indonesiana. 3: 70-76.

Deb, S. K. & M. K. Shukla. 2011. A review of dissolve organic matter transport processes affecting soil and environmental quality. J. Environment Analytic Toxicol. 1: 1-11. https://doi.org/10.4172/2161-0525.1000106

Delahoy, M. J., B. Wodnik, L. McAlliley, G. Penakalapati, J. Swarthout, M. C. Freeman, & K. Levy. 2018. Pathogen transmitted in animal feces in low-and middle-income countries. Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health. 221:661-676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2018.03.005

Dhama, K., K. Karthik, R. Tiwari, M. Z. Shabbir, S. Barbuddhe, S.V.S. Malik, & R. K. Singh. 2015. Listeriosis in animals, its public health significance (food-borne zoonosis) and advances in diagnosis and control: a comprehensive review. Vet. Q. 35:211-235. https://doi.org/10.1080/01652176.2015.1063023

El Kheir, W.A., G. Ismail, A. El-Nour, T. Tawfik, & D. Hammad. 2007. Assesment of the efficiency of duckweed (Lemna gibba) in wastewater treatment. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 5:681-689.

Ezzariai, A., M. Hafidi, A. Khadra, Q. Aemig, L. El Fels, M. Barret, G. Merlina, D. Patureau, & E. Pinelli. 2018. Human and veterinary antibiotics during composting of sludge or manure: Global perspectives on persistence, degradation, and resistance genes. J. Hazard Mater. 359:465-481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.07.092

Givens, C. E., D. W. Kolpin, M. A. Borchardt, J. W. Duris, T. B. Moorman, & S. K. Spencer. 2016. Detection of Hepatitis E virus and other livestock-related pathogen in IOWA streams. Sci. Total Environ. 566: 1042-1051. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.05.123

Goeppert, N., I. Dror, & B. Berkowitz. 2014. Detection, fate and transport of estrogen family hormones in soil. Chemosphere. 95: 336-345. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.09.039

Hilbert, F., F. J. M. Smulders, R. Chopra-Dewasthaly, & P. Paulsen. 2012. Salmonella in the wildlife-human interface. Food Research Int. 45:603-608. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodres.2011.08.015

Ho, YB., M. P. Zakaria, P. A. Latif, & N. Saarri. 2012. Simultaneious determination of veterinary antibiotics and hormone in broiler manure, soil and manure compost by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A. 1262: 160-168. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2012.09.024

KLHK (Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup) . 2014. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Nomor 5 tahun 2014 tentang Baku Mutu Air Limbah.

KLHK (Kementrian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan). 2001. Peraturan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Nomor 82 Tahun 2001 tentang Kualitas Air dan Pengendalian Pencemaran.

Lange, I. G., A. Daxenberger, B. SchiVer, H. Witters, D. Ibarreta, & H. D. D Meyer. 2002. Sex hormones originating from diVerent livestock production systems: Fate and potential disrupting activity in the environment. Anal. Chim. Acta. 473:27–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0003-2670(02)00748-1

Mansyur & H. L. Choi. 2011. Change of physico-chemicals properties of pig slurry during storage. Med. Pet. 34:179-183. https://doi.org/10.5398/medpet.2011.34.3.179

Pinheiro, A., R. M. R. Albano, T. C. Alves, V. Kaufmann, M. R. da Silva. 2013. Veterinary antibiotics and hormones in water from application of pig slurry to soil. Agric. Water Manag. 129:1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agwat.2013.06.019

Sahu, O. 2014. Reduction of organic and inorganic pollutant from waste water by algae. International Letters of Natural Sciences 8: 1-8. https://doi.org/10.18052/www.scipress.com/ILNS.13.1

Stehfest, E., M. V. D. Berg, G. Woltjer, S. Msangi, & H. Westhoek. 2013. Option to reduce the environmental effect of livestock production-comparison of two economic models. Journal Agricultural Systems 114:38-53. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agsy.2012.07.002

Sutrisno, E., S. Sumiyati, & Nurdiansyah. 2010. Pengaruh tanaman rumput bebek (Lemna minor) terhadap penurunan BOD dan COD. Jurnal Presipitasi 7:187x.

Tilahun A, I. Tameto, A. Teshale, A. Tafere, & T. Hadush. 2016. Review on growth hormone in animals. Advances in Life Science and Technology 46:70-79.


N. Zainuddin
nuryanizainuddin@yahoo.com (Primary Contact)
M. S. Maarif
E. Riani
S. M. Noor
Author Biography

N. Zainuddin, Department of Management Natural Resources and Environment, Bogor Agricultural University

Save our biodiversity
ZainuddinN., MaarifM. S., RianiE., & NoorS. M. (2019). Water Pollution from the Activity of Large-Ruminant Animal Quarantine Installation (AQI) in Its Receiving Water Body. Tropical Animal Science Journal, 42(1), 68-75. https://doi.org/10.5398/tasj.2019.42.1.68

Article Details