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Perilaku Pemilihan Makanan dan Pengenalan Anggota Koloni pada Semut Rangrang Oecophylla smaragdina

Food Preference and Nestmate Recognition of Weaver Ants Oecophylla smaragdina

  • M. Ubaidilah Hasan Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB
  • La Ode Fitradiansyah Fitradiansyah Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB
  • Fera Susanti Susanti Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB
  • Rika Raffiudin Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5373-9445

Abstract

Weaver ants Oecophylla smaragdina are social insects that recognize nestmates using pheromone. This study
analyzes the feeding behavior and nestmate recognition of weaver ants in the urban area of three different islands (Sumatra: Baturaja; Java: Banyuwangi; Papua: Sorong). The free ants were placed in the arena composed of chicken meat, sugar, bananas as the baits. Ten trapped ants were also located in the arena to explore the nestmate recognition between the free and the trapped ants. Five types of behaviors, i.e., approach, stalking, communication, competition, and agonistic, were recorded in 6 days. Food preferences were indicated by the number of conduct towards the feeding sites, and nestmate recognition was indicated by approaching the trapped nestmate. The results showed that the percentage of the approach behavior of free ants was the highest in the three islands but had no significant difference between Sumatra and Java and between Java and Sorong (p-value >0.05). However, the study showed significant differences for the other four behaviors observed. As predicted, the percentage of chicken meat foraged by the ants was the highest due to the carnivorous behavior. The free ants showed the nestmate recognition to the trapped ants in all behavior, except competition.

 

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Published
2021-12-24
How to Cite
HasanM. U., FitradiansyahL. O. F., SusantiF. S., & RaffiudinR. (2021). Perilaku Pemilihan Makanan dan Pengenalan Anggota Koloni pada Semut Rangrang Oecophylla smaragdina: Food Preference and Nestmate Recognition of Weaver Ants Oecophylla smaragdina. Jurnal Sumberdaya Hayati, 7(2), 41-48. https://doi.org/10.29244/jsdh.7.2.41-48
Section
Articles