PENERAPAN PEMBOBOTAN KOMPONEN UTAMA UNTUK PEREDUKSIAN PEUBAH PADA ADDITIVE MAIN EFFECT AND MULTIPLICATIVE INTERACTION (Application of Weighted Principal Component for Variable Reduction in Additive Main Effect and Multiplicative Interaction)

  • Geri Zanuar Fadli
  • _ Aunuddin
  • Aji Hamim Wigena


Indonesia is the country with the largest level of rice consumption in the world. Therefore, it need to be done an effort to increase the production of rice. One way to increase rice production is land management as well as conducting an intensive new superior varieties which has a high yield. Hybrid rice is a type of rice which has a higher result among superior varieties. Hybrid rice breeding can be done with multi-locations trials that involves two main factors, plant and environmental conditions. AMMI (Additive Main Effects and Multiplicative Interaction) is a method of multivariate used in plant breeding research to examine the interaction of genotype × environment on multi-locations trials. Generally, AMMI analysis is still using a single response. Whereas, the adaptation level of the plant is not only seen from the aspect of its yield. Therefore, this study based on combined response using AMMI analysis. The Data in this study is secondary data multi-locations trials on hybrid rice planting season 2008/2009 which involved four sites and 12 genotype. The measured response are = yield (ton/ha), = 1000 grain weight (gram), = the number of penicles per m2, dan  = length of penicle (cm). The merger of response using weighted method by principal component. AMMI analysis with  as response produce five stable genotypes in any location, that are IH804, IH805, IH806, Hibrindo, and Ciherang. AMMI is also generating specific genotypes are those that perform good adaptability at certain environment condition. IH802, IH803, and IH809 genotypes in Jember planting season 2, IH808 and Maro genotypes in Ngawi.


Keywords : AMMI, the merger of response, weighted principal component method