Eco-theological Construction of Waste Management in the Rehobot Church Congregation, Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara

  • Zulkhaedir Abdussamad Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang, Jl. KH. Ahmad Dahlan, (0380) 8438022, 82558, Indonesia
  • Suci Lestari Handayani Universitas Muhammadiyah Kupang, Jl. KH. Ahmad Dahlan, (0380) 8438022, 82558, Indonesia
Keywords: phenomenology, ecotheology, externalization, objectivation, internalisation


This study aims to analyze the social construction process of eco-theology-based waste management among the Rehobot church congregation in Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara. This study uses the phenomenological method, especially Berger and Luckmann’s theory on the social construction of reality. The results of the study indicate that there is a relationship between waste management and the congregation’s beliefs, where the congregation interprets waste management activities as a form of obedience to God. As servants of Allah, humans must be able to overcome waste as one of the social problems of society, by turning waste into “bread”. Waste is seen as a challenge to human beings; if it can be managed wisely, it can be a blessing that is beneficial to life. Waste management activities in the congregation are the result of social construction that occurs through three dialectical phases. The externalization phase is marked by various products of waste management activities by the congregation, such as managing waste through waste banks, sorting waste, utilizing waste into compost, forming waste volunteers, and reducing the use of single-use plastic waste. The phase of objectivation occurs when the products of waste management activities that occur in the externalization phase undergo a reification process. The product of activity then undergoes institutionalization and is strengthened by the presence of religious legitimacy. The phase of internalization occurs when the procession of re-absorption of various waste management activity products of the congregations that have been objectivated, into the structures of subjective awareness.


Ban, A. (2019). “Cleanliness Is Next to Godliness”: A Theological Reflection on the Solid Waste Problem in Ghana. In M. Chemhuru (Ed.), African Environmental Ethics: A Critical Reader (pp. 309–325). Springer.

Bauckham, R. (2020). Being Human in the Community of Creation: A Biblical Perspective. In K. A. Jorgenson & A. G. Padgett (Eds.), Ecotheology: A Christian Conversation. William B. Eerdmans Publishing Co.

Berger, P. L. (1991). Langit Suci: Agama sebagai Realitas Sosial. LP3ES.

Berger, P. L., & Luckmann, T. (1966). The Social Construction of Reality: A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge. Doubleday Garden City.

Chibuye, L., & Buitendag, J. (2020). The Indigenisation of Eco-theology: The Case of the Lamba People of the Copperbelt in Zambia. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 76(1), 1–8.

Cholil, S., & Parker, L. (2021). Environmental Education and Eco-theology: Insights from Franciscan Schools in Indonesia. Environmental Education Research, 27(12), 1759–1782.

Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. N. (2017). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches (4th ed.). SAGE Publications.

Farid, M., & Adib, M. (Eds.). (2020). Fenomenologi dalam Penelitian Ilmu Sosial. Kencana.

Fatah, A., Taruna, T., & Purnaweni, H. (2013). Konsep Pengelolaan Sampah Berbasis Teologi. Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 11(2), 84–91.

George, S. (2020). Plastics We Cannot Live Without. In T. M. Letcher (Ed.), Plastic Waste and Recycling: Environmental Impact, Societal Issues, Prevention, and Solutions (pp. 449–466). Elsevier.

Hussain, C. M., Paulraj, M. S., & Nuzhat, S. (2022). Source Reduction and Waste Minimization. Elsevier.

Johnson, M. P. (2018). ‘He Brought the Cold Death on my Harandra ’: The Cosmic Trilogy and the Ecotheology of Laudato si’. Journal of Inklings Studies, 8(2), 166–182.

Lau, W. W. Y., Shiran, Y., Bailey, R. M., Cook, E., Stuchtey, M. R., Koskella, J., Velis, C. A., Godfrey, L., Boucher, J., Murphy, M. B., Thompson, R. C., Jankowska, E., Castillo Castillo, A., Pilditch, T. D., Dixon, B., Koerselman, L., Kosior, E., Favoino, E., Gutberlet, J., … Palardy, J. E. (2020). Evaluating Scenarios toward Zero Plastic Pollution. Science, 369(6510), 1455–1461.

Letcher, T. M., & Vallero, D. A. (Eds.). (2019). Waste: A Handbook for Management. Elsevier.

Mangunjaya, F. M., & McKay, J. E. (2012). Reviving an Islamic Approach for Environmental Conservation in Indonesia. Worldviews, 16(3), 286–305.

Mawardi, M., Supangkat, G., Miftahulhaq, Sambodo, D., Sukanda, A. S., Adnan, Z., & Fatimah, I. (2011). Teologi Lingkungan: Etika Pengelolaan Lngkungan dalam Perspektif Islam. Deputi Komunikasi Lingkungan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Majelis Lingkungan Hidup Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah.

Mwambazambi, K. (2011). A Theological View of Environmental Protection in Africa. In Die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi, 45(4), 849–866.

Riyanto, G. (2009). Peter L. Berger: Perspektif Metateori Pemikiran. LP3ES.

Samori, Z., Khairudin, Z., Saedon, R., Anas, N., & Harun, H. M. F. (2018). Sustainable Waste Management via Incineration System: An Islamic Outlook for Conservation of the Environment. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 9(6S), 538–557.

Sari, N., Yunus, R., & Suparman, S. (2019). Ekofeminisme: Konstruksi Sosial Budaya Perilaku Perempuan dalam Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Palita: Journal of Social Religion Research, 4(2), 161–178.

Smith, N. (2019). US Tops List of Countries Fuelling the Waste Crisis. Waste Generation and Recycling Indices. Verisk Maplecroft.

Sukiati. (2019). Waste Management in UIN Sumatera Utara (A Transdicipliner Approach). FITRAH:Jurnal Kajian Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman, 5(2), 333–354.

Tim Publikasi Katadata. (2019). Menuju Indonesia Peduli Sampah.

Vallero, D. A. (2019). Effect of Waste on Ecosystems. In T. M. Letcher & D. A. B. T.-W. (Second E. Vallero (Eds.), Waste (pp. 171–198). Elsevier.

Welden, N. A. (2020). The Environmental Impacts of Plastic Pollution. In T. M. B. T.-P. W. and R. Letcher (Ed.), Plastic Waste and Recycling (pp. 195–222). Elsevier.

How to Cite
AbdussamadZ., & Lestari HandayaniS. (2022). Eco-theological Construction of Waste Management in the Rehobot Church Congregation, Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara . Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 10(3), 228-239.