The Synergy of Village Developing Management through Corporate Social Responsibility Activities

  • Lala Mulyowibowo Kolopaking IPB University
  • Marzuqo Septianto
  • Ervan Ambarita
Keywords: community development, corporate social responsibility (CSR), stakeholders collaboration


Improvement the standard of living for villagers is increasingly open with the existence of UU No. 6 tahun 2014 concerning villages government. Various multistakeholders can strengthen village-based development mechanisms in synergy. The aim of this study is to analyze the synergy of the Corporate Social Responsibility management system with the management of a developing village by Indonesia Power PLTP Kamojang Branch Gunung Salak Ltd. This research is a policy research with a sequential mixed model design. Data were collected in the form of qualitative and quantitative data with methods of observation, interviews,and focused discussions. The results of the study show that Indonesia Power PLTP Kamojang Branch Gunung Salak Ltd and multistakeholders have succeeded in forming relations between different actors to improve village development. As for interacting with groups of people who are vulnerable to problems with their livelihood systems, corporate social responsibility mechanisms are improved based on the aspirations of the people who collaborate with multistakeholders from the planning stage to evaluating at the village to district level. Through this management mechanism assistance to the community can be done inclusive so that assistance can be recorded and measurable benefits.


Abukari, Abdul Jelil and Ibn Kailan Abdul-Hamid. 2018. “Corporate Social Responsibility Reporting in the Telecommunications Sector in Ghana.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 3(2):1–9.

Angelia, Dessy and Rosita Suryaningsih. 2015. “The Effect of Environmental Performance And Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure Towards Financial Performance (Case Study to Manufacture, Infrastructure, And Service Companies That Listed At Indonesia Stock Exchange).” Pp. 348–55 in Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. Vol. 211. Bali: Elsevier B.V.

Arnstein, Sherry Phyllis. 1969. “A Ladder of Citizen Participation.” Journal Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35(4):216–24.

Baden, Denise. 2016. “A Reconstruction of Carroll’s Pyramid of Corporate Social Responsibility for the 21st Century.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 1(8):1–15.

Del Baldo, Mara. 2018. “Sustainability and CSR Orientation through ‘Edutainment’ in Tourism.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 3(5):1–14.

Boso, Richard Kwasi, Sam K. Afrane, and Daniel K. B. Inkoom. 2017. “Motivations for Providing CSR-Mediated Initiatives in Mining Communities of Ghana: A Multiple-Case Study.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 2(7):1–15.

Bridger, J. C., M. A. Brennan, and Luloff. 2011. “The Interactional Approach to Community.” Pp. 85–100 in Introduction to Community Development: Theory, Practice, and Service-Learning, edited by J. W. Robinson and G. P. Green. Thousand Oaks: Sage.

Cameron, Roslyn. 2009. “A Sequential Mixed Model Research Design: Design, Analytical and Display Issues.” International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches 3(2):140–52.

Carroll, Archie B. 2016. “Carroll’s Pyramid of CSR: Taking Another Look.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 1(3):1–8.

Chatterjee, Bhaskar and Nayan Mitra. 2017. “CSR Should Contribute to the National Agenda in Emerging Economies - the ‘Chatterjee Model.’” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 2(1):1–11.

Dunham, Randall B., Jean A. Grube, and Maria B. Castañeda. 1994. “Organizational Commitment: The Utility of an Integrative Definition.” Journal of Applied Psychology 79(3):370–80.

García-Chiang, Armando. 2018. “Corporate Social Responsibility in the Mexican Oil Industry: Social Impact Assessment as a Tool for Local Development.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility.

Kaufman, H. F. 1959. “Toward an Interactional Conception of Community.” Social Forces.

Kenny, Sue, Brian McGrath, and Rhonda Phillips. 2018. The Routledge Handbook of Community Development. New York: Routledge.

Khan, Majid, James C. Lockhart, and Ralph J. Bathurst. 2018. “Institutional Impacts on Corporate Social Responsibility: A Comparative Analysis of New Zealand and Pakistan.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility.

Kolk, Ans. 2016. “The Social Responsibility of International Business: From Ethics and the Environment to CSR and Sustainable Development.” Journal of World Business 51(1):23–34.

Latapí Agudelo, Mauricio Andrés, Lára Jóhannsdóttir, and Brynhildur

Davídsdóttir. 2019. “A Literature Review of the History and Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility.

Lélé, Sharachchandra M. 1999. “Sustainable Development: A Critical Review.” World Development 19(6):607–21.

Moratis, Lars and Max van Egmond. 2018. “Concealing Social Responsibility? Investigating the Relationship between CSR, Earnings Management and the Effect of Industry through Quantitative Analysis.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility.

Nasdian, Fredian Tonny. 2013. Pengembangan Masyarakat. IPB Press.

Nguyen, Minh, Jo Bensemann, and Stephen Kelly. 2018. “Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Vietnam: A Conceptual Framework.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 3(1).

Nirmaya, Gilar Cahya, Istiqlaliyah Muflikhati, and Megawati Simanjuntak. 2014. “Pengaruh Program Corporate Social Responsibility ( CSR) Terhadap Kesejahteraan Keluarga Di Sekitar Tambang.” Jur. Ilm. Kel. & Kons 7(1):19–29.

Pisani, Niccolò, Arno Kourula, Ans Kolk, and Renske Meijer. 2017. “How Global Is International CSR Research? Insights and Recommendations from a Systematic Review.” Journal of World Business.

Rabin Ibnu Zainal. 2006. Best Practices: Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Sebuah Pengalaman Membangun Multistakeholder Engagement Bagi Penerapan CSR Di Kabupaten Muba Sumatera Selatan. Palembang: Usaha Musi.

Rahmaningsih, Faridha. 2013. “Penerapan Corporate Social Responsibility Pada Media Sosial Studi Kasus Program Corporate Social Responsibility ‘Klik Hati’ PT Merck Indonesia.” JSP (Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik) 17(2):116–29.

Rosyida, Isma and Fredian Tonny Nasdian. 2011. “Partisipasi Masyarakat Dan Stakeholder Dalam Penyelenggaraan Program Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Dan Dampaknya Terhadap Komunitas Perdesaan.” Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan 5(1):51–70.

Simpson, Samuel Nana Yaw and Eunice Kafui Aprim. 2018. “Do Corporate Social Responsibility Practices of Firms Attract Prospective Employees? Perception of University Students from a Developing Country.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility.

Soemanto, Bakdi. 2007. Sustainable Corporation: Implikasi Hubungan Harmonis Perusahaan Dan Masyarakat. Semen Gresik.

Šontaitė-Petkevičienė, Miglė. 2015. “CSR Reasons, Practices and Impact to Corporate Reputation.” Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences.

Torrico, Boris Herbas, Björn Frank, and Carlos Arandia Tavera. 2018. “Corporate Social Responsibility in Bolivia: Meanings and Consequences.” International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility 3(1).

Wilkinson. 1991. The Community in Rural America. New York: Greenwood.