Diversity of phytoplankton community in Gold Coast ornamental lake, Pantai Indah Kapuk-Jakarta
Diversitas Komunitas Fitoplankton Di Danau Hias Gold Coast, Pantai Indah Kapuk-Jakarta
The Gold Coast ornamental lake at Pantai Indah Kapuk, Jakarta is artificial, shallow and not too wide. It receives runoff from residential drainage channels, that affects the trophic states of the waters and the phytoplankton that live in it. This study aims to analyze the diversity of phytoplankton communities temporally related to trophic states in these waters. Sampling was carried out monthly for one year on the physical and chemical parameters of the waters and phytoplankton. Furthermore, the analysis of community structure and diversity of, a, b, and g, as well as determining the level of trophic states using the Chlorophyceae index and Cyanophyceae index. During the observation, four classes of phytoplankton were obtained, Chlorophyceae, Bacillariophyceae, Cyanophyceae, and Euglenophyceae which in total consisted of 41 species (g), a1-12 totaling 20-28 species, and b which were relatively small. The value of diversity index (H ') is low, the evenness (E) is moderate, and the dominance (C) is low. The values of the two trophic states indices indicated that the waters were in a eutrophic condition during the observation. In general, it can be concluded that the conditions of the waters were always eutrophic for one year, the diversity of phytoplankton is relatively low and did not show significant changes in species between observations.
Anderson MJ, Crist TO, Chase JM, Vellend M, Inouye BD, Freestone AL, Sanders NJ, Cornell HV, Comita LS, Davies KF, Harrison SP, Kraft NJB, Stegen JC, Swenson NG. 2011. Navigating the multiple meanings of b diversity: a roadmap for the practicing ecologist. Ecology letters. 14: 19-28.
[APHA] American Public Health Association. 2012. Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd ed, edited by EW
Rice, RB Baird, AD Eaton and LS Clesceri. American Public Health Association/American Water Work Association/Water Environment Federation, Washington.
Ayoade AA, Osuala BO, Adedapo TA. 2019. Physico-chemical parameters, chlorophyll a and phytoplankton community as trophic state indices of two tropical lakes, southwestern Nigeria. Eurasia J Biosci. 13: 1-8.
Bellinger EG, Sigee DC. 2010. Fresh Water Algae (Identification and Use as Bioindicator). USA: Willey-Blackwell.
Choquette AF, Hirsch RM, Murphy JC, Johnson LT, Confesor Jr RB. 2019. Tracking changes in nutrient delivery to western Lake Erie: Approaches to compensate for variability and trends in streamflow. J Gt Lakes Res. 45(1): 21-39.
Fonseca BM, Bicudo CEM. 2008. Phytoplankton seasonal variation in a shallow stratified eutrophic reservoir (Garc¸as Pond, Brazil). Hydrobiologia. 600: 267–282.
Irawati N, Adiwilaga EM, Prawtiwi NTM. 2013. Hubungan produktivitas primer fitoplankton dengan ketersediaan unsur hara dan intensitas cahaya di Perairan Teluk Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Biologi Tropis. 13(2): 197-208.
Krebs CJ. 1999. Ecological methodology. California (US): Benjamin Cummings. Molisani MM, Sousa BH, Becker H, Moreira MOP, Hijo CAG, de Monte TM, Vasconcellos GH. 2010. Trophic state, phytoplankton assemblages and limnological diagnosis of the Castanhao Reservoir, CE, Brazil. Acta Limnol Bras. 22(1): 1-12.
Nomosatyo S, Lukman. 2011. Ketersediaan hara nitrogen (N) dam fosfor (P) di perairan Danau Toba, Sumatera Utara. Limnotek. 19: 127-137. Odum EP. 1971. Fundamentals of Ecology. Third Ed. W.B. Philadelphia: Saunders Company.
Palleyl S, Kar RN, PANDA CR. 2011. Influence of Water quality on the biodiversity of phytoplankton in Dhamra River Estuary of Odisha Coast, Bay of Bengal. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 15(1): 69–74.
Pratiwi NTM, Hariadi S, Ayu IP, Iswantari A, Amalia FJ. 2013. Phytoplankton composition and trophic states of Lake Lido, Bogor-West Java through several approaches. Jurnal Biologi Indonesia. 9(1): 111-120.
Pratiwi NTM, Rahman A, Hariyadi S, Ayu IP, Iswantari A. 2017. Relationship between trophic states and nutrients load in waters surrounding Samosir Island, Lake Toba, North Sumatera. In: Maghfiroh M, Dianto A, et al (eds) Lake Ecosystem Health and Its Resilience: Diversity and Risks of Extinction; Proceedings of the 16th World Lake Conference. Research Center for Limnology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesian.
Pratiwi NTM, Wardiatno Y, Azizi W, Iswantari A. 2019. Aufwuch community on association to aquatic plant in Lake Tempe, South Sulawesi. In: Sugardjito J, Garniati L, et al (eds) The 2018 International Conference on Biosphere
Reserve: The Role of Stakeholders in Mainstreaming Natural Resources Related to Agenda 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals). IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science Volume 298 012004, Palembang, Indonesia.
Pratiwi NTM, Imran Z, Ayu IP, Iswantari A, Wulandari DY. 2020. The phosphorus load and the variation of the trophic states of Cirata Reservoir (West Java, Indonesia) from 1988 to 2017. Biodiversitas. 21(9): 4162-4169.
Rahman A, Pratiwi NTM, Hariyadi S. 2016.
Struktur komunitas fitoplankton di Danau Toba, Sumatera Utara. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia 21: 120-127.
Saragih GM, Erizka W. 2018. Keanekaragaman fitoplankton sebagai indikator kualitas air Danau Sipin di Kota Jambi. Daur Lingkungan. 1: 22-28.
Sayekti RW, Yuliani E, Bisri M, Juwono P, Prasetyorini L, Sonia F, Putri AP. 2015. Evaluation study of water quality and trophic states of Selorejo Reservoir due to the eruption of Mount Kelud for aquaculture. Jurnal Teknik Pengairan. 6: 133-145.
Suryono T, Nomosatryo S, dan Mulyana E. 2006. Tingkat Kesuburan Perairan Danau Singkarak, Padang, Sumatera Barat. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Limnologi. LIPI: Pusat Penelitian Limnologi.
Wetzel RG & Linkens GE. 1991. Limnological analyses. 2nd ed. Thomson Press. New Delhi. p. 139-149.
Wulandari DY, Pratiwi NTM, Adiwilaga EM. 2014. Distribusi Spasial Fitoplankton di Perairan Pesisir Tangerang. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia (JIPI). 19(3): 156-162.
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Tropical Fisheries Management
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
After the article is submitted and published in this journal, it is fully copyrighted by the Journal of Tropical Fisheries Management. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, authors must obtain written permission from the copyright owner and give credit to the source in the article. Then, authors or reader is allowed to copy, share, and redistribute articles/material in any form. But it must still include the appropriate source and credit because the article in this journal is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0).