Arif Baswantara, Lulut Alfaris, Anas Noor Firdaus, Rikha Bramawanto, Batih Shendy Capri Hareva, Miranda Putri


Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV) is an underwater vehicle or robot designed to able to move in the water. The increasing need for ROV in the future will require an ROV that is easy to build and operate. This study aims to design and build an ROV that is easy to manufacturing and easy to operate, which can be used for observation purposes in the future. The ROV designed with dimensions of length was 311,89 mm, width was 240 mm and height was 180 mm. ROV had three thruster motors with Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) Speed Controller Module as a control system. The ROV test were conducted motion tests and maneuvering tests, with the results shown that the ROV had an average forward speed of 0,26 m/s with the turning time was 6,3 s for 180° to portside, 6,7 s for 180° to starboard and time for circular motion was 8,2 s. The ROV’s motion test and maneuvering test showed good results, so that further development plans for this ROV can be carried out.



Castro, O.A.A., E.I. Gonzalez, E.E.G. Guerrero, E.T. Cuautle, O.R.L. Bonilla, J.E.O. Tiznado & J.R.C. Valdez. 2019. Design and construction of an ROV for underwater exploration. J. Sensors, 19(24): 5387-5411.
Christ, R.D. & R.L. Wernli. 2014. The ROV manual: a user guide for observation-class remotely operated vehicle, second edition. Elsevier Ltd. Burlington, UK. 679p.
Effendi, I. 2019. Pengembangan akuakultur pada lahan suboptimal menuju agromaritim 4.0. Proceedings of The Seminar Nasional Lahan Suboptimal, Palembang, Indonesia, 4-5 September 2019. 9-19 pp.
Fossen, T.I. 2014. Mathematic Models of Ships and Underwater Vehicles: Encyclopedia of System and Control. Springer-Verlag Ltd. London, UK. 9p
Kadir, A.M.A., M.A. Kasno, M.S.M. Aras, M.Z.M. Tumari & S. Saat. 2018. Fuzzy logic controller design for autonomous underwater vehicle (auv)-yaw control. ARPN J. of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 13(5): 1608-1614.
Koch, J. & J. Leichty. 2019. Development of a robotic arm for mini-class rov dexterous manipulation. In: Ocean 2019 MTS, Seattle, USA, 27-31 October 2019. 5p.
Manullang, S., A. Pusaka & A. Setiawan. 2020. The preliminary of design and movement of remotely operated vehicle (rov). Proceeding The Maritime Safety International Conference, Bali, Indonesia, 12-15 July 2020. 10p.
Ogurtsov, E.S., V.A. Kokoreva, S.F. Ogurtsov, T.A. Usenbay, A.S. Kunesbekov & E. Lavrov. 2016. Microcontroller navigation and motion control system of the underwater robotic complex. ARPN J. of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 11(9): 6110-6121.
Ramanda, A., I. Jaya, S. Pujiyati & M. Iqbal. 2015. Rancang bangun prototipe wahana bawah air tipe working class ROV (Remote Operating Vehicle). Proceedings of The Seminar Nasional Instrumentasi, Kontrol dan Otomasi (SNIKO), Bandung, Indonesia, 10-11 December 2015. 8p.
Raza, K.M., M. Kamil & P. Kumar. 2016. Speed control of dc motor by using pwm. International J. of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, 5(4): 307-309.
Sugandi, A., S. Siregar & L. Meisaroh. 2021. Implementation of roll control on mini remotely operated vehicle. International J. of Applied Information Technology, 04(02): 117-123.
Triantafyllou, M.S. & F.S. Hover. 2003. Maneuvering and control of marine vehicles. Dept. Ocean Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Massachusetts, USA. 145p.
Wernli, R.L. & R.D. Christ. 2019. Observatin class rovs come age. In: Sixth International Symposium on Underwater Technology, Wuxi, China, April 2019. 7p.
Wu, C. 2017. Review and classification of the modern rov. International J. of Innovative Science, Engineering and Technology, 04(10): 101-110.


Arif Baswantara (Primary Contact)
Lulut Alfaris
Anas Noor Firdaus
Rikha Bramawanto
Batih Shendy Capri Hareva
Miranda Putri
BaswantaraA., AlfarisL., FirdausA. N., BramawantoR., HarevaB. S. C., & PutriM. (2023). DESIGN AND BUILD MINI ROV USING PWM SPEED CONTROLLER MODULE AS A CONTROL SYSTEM. Jurnal Ilmu Dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 15(2), 183-195.

Article Details