NUTRITIONAL VALUE AND HEAVY METAL CONTENT OF CRAB MEAT AND ITS BYPRODUCT WHITE MUD CRAB Scylla paramamosain
Mud crab is fishery commodity that has high economic value and rich of nutritional aspect such as essential amino acids, vitamins, minerals, and fatty acids. In addition, high concentrations of heavy metals in the natural habitat of crabs can accumulate in these organisms which can endanger health if consumed. However, there is little information regarding the nutritional and heavy metal content of meat and byproducts in mud crab. The objective of the study are to compare the beneficial component of the meat and byproduct of Scylla paramamosain and to investigate food safety from heavy metal contamination. Proximate, vitamin A, D, and E content were analyzed using HPLC, vitamin B1, B2, C, and amino acid profile was determined by using UPLC, vitamin B12 was determined by LC-MS, mineral and heavy metal were determined by standard method of AOAC. In addition, the determination of fatty acid was analyzed by gas chromatography. Result showed that protein per gram as the majority content of each form (10.24% in crab meat and 12.47% in byproduct). Vitamin B2, B12, and E were detected in sample. On contrary, heavy metals examined in this study were not detected. L-Glutamic acid was the most abundant of amino acids composition (11037.79 mg/kg of crab meat and 15993.22 mg/kg of byproduct), while omega-3 fatty acids, omega-6 fatty acids, and omega-9 fatty acids are also contained in this species. The result showed Scylla paramamosain as source of beneficial food and safe to consume.
Ateshan, H.M., R. Misnan, A.C. Sinang, & H.A. Alsailawi. 2018. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in orange mud crab (Scylla olivacea) from Sungai Merbok, Kedah. International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(10): 654-658. https://doi.org/10.26452/ijrps.v10i1.1897
Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC). 1980. Official methods of analysis 12th ed. Virginia. AOAC Inc. USA. 1018 p.
Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC). 1990. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, 15th ed. Washington D.C. 684 p.
Association of Official Analytical Chemist (AOAC). 2000. Official Methods of Analysis of the Association of Official Analysis Chemists, 17th ed. Washington, D.C.
Azra, M.N. & M. Ikhwanuddin. 2015. A review of maturation diets for mud crab genus Scylla broodstock: Present research, problems and future perspective. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 23: 257-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjbs.2015.03.011
Diniz, G.S., E. Barbarino, & S.O. Lou-renço. 2012. On the chemical profile of marine organisms from coastal subtropical environments: Gross composition and nitrogen to protein Conversion Factors. Oceanography. USA. 320 p.
Doğanlar, Z.B. & M. Atmaca. 2011. Influence of airborne pollution on Cd, Zn, Pb, Cu, and Al accumulation and physiological parameters of plant leaves in Antakya (Turkey). Water Air Soil Pollut, 214: 509–523. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-010-0442-9
Dudani, S.N., J. Lakhmapurkar, D. Gavali, & T. Patel. 2017. Heavy metal accumulation in the mangrove ecosystem of South Gujarat Coast, India. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 17: 755-766. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v17_4_11
Dutta, S., S. Ray, & K. Nagarajan. 2013. Glutamic acid as anticancer agent: An overview. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal, 21: 337-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsps.2012.12.007
Farhadi, A., Z. Huang, B. Qiu, M. Ikhwanuddin, & H. Ma. 2021. Effect of light condition on the growth performance and biochemical compositions of post-mating female mud crab (Scylla paramamosain). Aquaculture Reports, 21: 100807. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep.2021.100807
Hamzah, F. & A. Setiawan. 2010. Accumulation of heavy metals Pb, Cu, and Zn in the mangrove forest of muara angke, north Jakarta. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis, 2(2): 41-52. https://doi.org/10.29244/jitkt.v2i2.7851
Harisud, l.O.M., E. Bidayani & A.F. Syarif. 2019. Growth perfomance and survival of mud crab (Scylla sp.) Feeding with combination of golden snail and trash fishes. Journal of Tropical Marine Science, 2(2): 43-50. https://doi.org/10.33019/jour.trop.mar.sci.v2i2.1378
Jiang, K., F. Zhang, Y. Pi, L. Jiang, Z. Yu, D. Zhang, M. Sun, L. Gao, Z. Qiao, & L. Ma. 2014. Amino acid, fatty acid, and metal compositions in edible parts of three cultured economic crabs: Scylla paramamosain, Portunus trituberculatus, and Eriocheir sinensis. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 23: 73–86. https://doi.org/10.1080/10498850.2012.695761
Johnson, M. & C. Bradford. 2014. Omega-3, Omega-6 and Omega-9 Fatty Acids: Implications for cardiovascular and other diseases. Journal of Glycomics and Lipidomics, 4(4): 1-8. https://doi.org/10.4172/2153-0637.1000123
Ministry Marine Affair and Fisheries (KKP). 2020. Statistik ekspor hasil perikanan tahun 2016-2020. Direktorat Jenderal Penguatan Daya Saing Produk Kelautan dan Perikanan, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. 929 p. https://kkp.go.id/djpdspkp/artikel/33072-buku-statistik-ekspor-produk-perikanan-tahun-2016-2020.
Miyata, J. & M. Arita. 2015. Role of omega-3 fatty acids and their metabolites in asthma andallergic diseases. Allergology International, 64: 27-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.alit.2014.08
Mori, T.A. & J.M. Hodgson. 2013. Health effects of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Encyclopedia of Human Nutrition, 2: 209-214. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-375083-9.00100-8
Nanda, P. K., A.K. Das, P. Dandapat, P. Dhar, S. Bandyopadhyay, A.L. Dib, J.M. Lorenzo, & M. Gagaoua. 2021. Nutritional aspects, flavour profile and health benefits of crab meat based novel food products and valorisation of processing waste to wealth: A review. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 112(March): 252–267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tifs.2021.03.059
Ninlanona, W. & N. Tangkrock-Olan. 2008. Effects of handling processes on the quality and biochemical changes in tissue of mud crab, Scylla serrata, Forsskal, 1755, during emersion storage. Environment Asia, 1: 49-55. https://doaj.org/article/abd4db8faf7b479386ab72b5df03a7e5
NSAI-National Standarization Agency of Indonesia. 2009. Maximum contamination limit of heavy metals in food. Indonesia. 29 p.
Sakthivel, D., N. Vijayakumar, & V. Anandan. 2014. Biochemical composition of mangrove carb sesarma brockii from pondicherry southeast of India. International Journal of Science Inventions Today, 3(3): 187-202. http://ijsit.com/archives_ijsit.php
Shahidi, F. & P. Ambigaipalan. 2015. Novel functional food ingredients from marine sources. Current Opinion in Food Science, 2: 123–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cofs.2014.12.009
Shakeri, A. & F. Moore. 2010. The impact of an industrial complex on freshly deposited sediments, Chener Rahdar river case study, Shiraz, Iran. Environ Monit Assess, 169: 321–334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10661-009-1173-5
Sreelakshmi, K.R., L. Manjusha, V.R. Vartak, & G. Venkateshwarlu. 2016. Variation in proximate composition and fatty acid profiles of mud crab meat with regard to sex and body parts. Indian Journal Fish, 63(2): 147-150. https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2016.63.2.34511-23
Sunarto, Sulistiono, & I. Setyobudiandi. 2015. Relationship of Mudcrab (Scylla spp.) with mangrove and substrate in silvofishery ponds, Eretan, Indramayu. Marine Fisheries 6(1): 59-68. https://doi.org/10.29244/jmf.6.1.59-68
US-United State. 2019. Department of health and human services, public health services, food and drug administration. Guide for the control of molluscan shellfish 2019 Revision. National Shellfish Sanitation Program. 491 p.
Wang, F., J. He, S. Jiang, L. Lin, & J. Lu. 2021a. Comparison of nutritional quality and nutrient compositions of three edible tissues from different sourced cultured female mud crabs (Scylla paramamosain). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 104(420): 104163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2021.104163
Wang, F., Y. Zhu, S. Jiang, L. Lin, & J. Lu. 2021b. Nutritional qualities and sensory characteristics in the hepatopancreas and muscle of female mud crab (Scylla paramamosain) in three growth forms: A comparative study. Lwt, 146: 111477. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2021.111477m
Wang, Q., Z. Fan, L. Qiu, X. Liu, Y. Yin, I.M.I. Jamus, C. Song, & J. Chen. 2021c. Occurrence and health risk assessment of residual heavy metals in the Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis). Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 97: 103787. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfca.2020.103787
Waters. 2012. Acquity UPLC H-Class and H-Class Bio Amino Acid Analysis System Guide.
Wu, Q., X. Shi, S. Fang, Z. Xie, M. Guan, S. Li, H. Zheng, Y. Zhang, M. Ikhwanuddin, & H. Ma. 2019. Different biochemical composition and nutritional value attribute to salinity and rearing period in male and female mud crab Scylla paramamosain. Aquaculture, 513: 734417. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734417
Yusof, W.R.W., F.B. Ahmad, & M. Swamy. 2017. A brief review on the antioxidants and antimicrobial peptides revealed in mud crabs from the genus of Scylla. Journal of Marine Biology, 2017: 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1850928
Yusof, W.R.W., F.B. Ahmad, N.M. Ahmad, A.S.A. Husaini, & M. Swamy. 2019. Proximate composition and antioxidant properties of orange mud crab, Scylla olivacea. Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology, 28(4): 365–374. https://doi.org/10.1080/10498850.2019.1594482
Yusof, W.R.W., N.M. Ahmad, M.A. Zailani, M.M. Shahabuddin, N.N. Sing, & A.A.S.A. Husaini. 2020. Nutritional composition, antioxidants and antimicrobial activities in muscle tissues of mud crab, Scylla paramamosain. Research Journal of Biotechnology, 15(4): 86-92. https://worldresearchersassociations.com/Archives/RJBT/Vol(15)2020/April2020.aspx
Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The author submitting the manuscript must understand and agree that the copyright of the article manuscript must be submitted/transferred to the Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (CC BY-SA) International License in which the Author and Reader can copy and redistribute the material in any media or format, and remix, modify and build material for any purpose, but they must provide appropriate credit (citing articles or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate whether there is a change. If you mix, change, or create material, you must distribute your contribution under the same license as the original.