Spectral Pattern of Paddy as Response to Drought Condition: An Experimental Study
Every single physical object has a different response to the electromagnetic wave emitted to it. The response is in the form of how it absorbs and reflects the energy in every range of wavelength. The absorption and reflection curve is known as a spectral pattern. The spectral pattern of each object can be used to determine the object. In agriculture, the spectral pattern of plants can be used to determine the health condition of the plant. Drought is one factor that can affect the health of the plant. By identifying the spectral pattern of the plants, the effect of drought on paddy can be identified. This experimental study tried to identify the spectral pattern of some varieties of paddy and different growth stages. A spectrophotometer with a wavelength range of 350-1052 nm was used. Four varieties of paddy were planted in a greenhouse and being treated in drought conditions from the stage of vegetative, generative, and reproductive. Based on the result, the spectral response from the generative phase of all varieties gave the most different pattern compared to the control. This result compromising the rapid detection of paddy fields affected by drought using optical remote sensing data. Especially for plants in the stage of generative.
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