The study of mangrove density and shoreline changes from 1989 to 2018 in Jambi Province Coastal Zone

  • Eva Achmad "Universitas Jambi" https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0543-5527
  • Nursanti Nursanti Universitas Jambi
  • Marwoto Program Studi Kehutanan, Fakultas Kehutanan, Universitas Jambi, Kampus Unja Pinang Masak, Jambi, Indonesia
  • Fazriyas Fazriyas Universitas Jambi
  • Dwi Putri Jayanti Universitas Jambi

Abstract

The density of mangrove cover is one of the factors that influence changes in shoreline both accretion and abrasion. This study aims to determine the effect of changes in density of mangrove cover on shoreline changes in 1989-2018 in the Coastal Province of Jambi. The method used is the interpretation of Landsat satellite images in 1989, 2000 and 2018 using NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and overlaying images to see shoreline changes and DSAS (Digital Shoreline Analysis System) to calculate the area of change. The results showed that there had been a change in shoreline both accretion and abrasion in several locations that had different mangrove densities in the period 1989-2018. The results showed that accretion occured in 6 locations with an average change of Kota Sebrang 771 m, Tungkal Ilir 240.65 m, Kuala Betara 153.73 m, Mendahara 167.78 m, Kuala Jambi 169.35 m and Nipah 57.3 m, while abrasion occurs at 2 locations with an average change in Sabak Timur -41.8 m and Sadu -36.55 m. Where in the 6 locations that had accretion, mangrove density dominantly was in a close-densed and moderate state and only a few are in a low-densed condition. Meanwhile, the 2 locations that had abrasion were in a moderate state and have a low density mangrove forest.

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Author Biography

Eva Achmad, "Universitas Jambi"
Lecturer in Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Jambi, Indonesia

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Published
2020-07-03
How to Cite
Achmad, E., Nursanti, N., Marwoto, Fazriyas, F. and Jayanti, D. P. (2020) “The study of mangrove density and shoreline changes from 1989 to 2018 in Jambi Province Coastal Zone”, Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management, 10(2), pp. 138-152. doi: 10.29244/jpsl.10.2.138-152.