Development of Waqf Forest in Indonesia: The SWOT-ANP Analysis of Bogor Waqf Forest Program by Bogor Waqf Forest Foundation

Khalifah Muhamad Ali, Salina Kassim


Some communities and governments in Indonesia have taken the initiative to develop waqf forests to solve forest conservation problems. However, research on waqf forest development is still rarely studied. This study aims to improve the strategy of waqf forest development in Indonesia. SWOT method is used to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats and the possible development strategies of the Bogor Waqf Forest as a manager of Waqf Forest. The ANP method prioritizes these four aspects and the best strategy in developing the waqf forest. An aggressive strategy needs to be carried out by optimizing the existing legal organization and the well-educated human resources to inform the public about the waqf concept in Islam and its application in the waqf forest. Thus, the vast potential of cash waqf and waqif can be obtained. This paper is one of the pioneering articles that discuss waqf forest development strategies, especially in Indonesia. From this research, we recommend the Bogor Waqf Forest to resolve the legal aspects as an official waqf manager, and the government and Indonesian Ulema Council to issue regulation and fatwa regarding waqf forest.


Abu-Dawud. (2008). English translation of Sunan Abu Dawud. Riyadh: Darussalam Publishers.
Al-Anzi, E., & Al-Duaij, N. (2004). Islamic waqf and environmental protection. Codicillus, 45(2), 52–63.
Al-Qaradhawi, Y. (2001). Ri'ayatul biiah fii syarii'atil Islam. Dar Al-Syuruq.
Ali, K. M. (2019). Hutan wakaf : Solusi melestarikan rimba. Forest Digest, 12, 54–55.
Ali, K. M., & Jannah, M. (2019, August 22). Model pengembangan hutan wakaf. Republika.
Ali, K. M., & Kassim, S. (2020). Waqf forest: How waqf can play a role in forest preservation and SDGs achievement? Etikonomi: Jurnal Ekonomi, 19(2), 349–364.
Ali, K. M., Yuliani, M., Mulatsih, S., & Abdullah, Z. (2018). Aspek-aspek prioritas manajemen wakaf di Indonesia. AL-FALAH: Journal of Islamic Economics, 3(1), 1.
Ali, M. M., Devi, A., Furqani, H., & Hamzah, H. (2020). Islamic financial inclusion determinants in Indonesia: An ANP approach. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 13.
Alisjahbana, A. S., & Busch, J. M. (2017). Forestry, forest fires, and climate change in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 53(2), 111–136.
Arredondo-soto, K. C., Realyvasquez-vargas, A., Maldonado-macías, A. A., & García-alcaraz, J. (2019). Impact of human resources on remanufacturing process, internal complexity, perceived quality of core, numerosity, and key process indicators. Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 59, 168–176.
As-Sa'di, A. (2002). Manhaju Al-Salikin. Ar-Rayyan: Dar Al-Wathan.
Ascarya. (2005). Analytic network process (ANP): Pendekatan baru studi kualitatif. Jakarta: Universitas Trisakti.
Ascarya. (2012). Analytic network process (ANP): Pendekatan baru dalam penelitian kualitatif. Bogor: STEI TAZKIA.
[BAZNAS] Badan Amil Zakat Nasional. (2019). Statistik zakat nasional 2018. Jakarta: BAZNAS
Budiman, M. A. (2011, May 2011). The role of waqf for environmental protection in Indonesia [Conference presentation]. Aceh Development International Conference 2011, Indonesia.
[BWI] Badan Wakaf Indonesia. (2010). Muhammadiyah canangkan gerakan wakaf pohon.
[CAF] Charities Aid Foundation. (2018). CAF world giving index 2018 (Issue October).
Crabtree, S. (2010). Religiosity highest in world's poorest nations. In Gallup global reports (Vol. 2011, Issue March 31, 2011). Retrieved from
Czajkowska, A. (2016). SWOT analysis application for indications of the strategy action chosen enterprise in the construction sector. Production Engineering Archives, 10, 33–37.
Darori. (2012). Anggaran konservasi hutan Indonesia masih terendah di dunia. Retrieved from
Fauzia, A., Almuin, N., Rohayati, T., & Garadian, E. A. (2016). Fenomena wakaf di Indonesia: Tantangan menuju wakaf produktif. Jakarta: Badan Wakaf Indonesia.
Gibson, C., Hardy, J. H., & Buckley, M. R. (2014). Understanding the role of networking in organizations. Career Development International, 19(2), 146–161.
Government Regulation Number 42/2006 concerning the Implementation of Law Number 41/2004 about Waqf.
Hasanah, I., & Hakim, R. (2017). Pelestarian hutan kota melalui optimalisasi wakaf tunai. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional III Tahun 2017: Biologi, Pembelajaran, dan Lingkungan Hidup Perspektif Indisipliner (pp. 345–349).
Herman, K. (2018). Puji kinerja Siti Nurbaya, Komisi VII : Tidak mudah jadi Menteri LHK. Kementerian LHK.
Hörnsten, L. (2000). Outdoor recreation in Swedish forests-Implication for society and forestry (dissertation). Silvestria: ActaUniversitatis Agricultyrae Sueciae.
Huda, N., Rini, N., Mardoni, Y., Hudori, K., & Anggraini, D. (2017). Problems, solutions, and strategies priority for waqf in Indonesia. Journal of Economic Cooperation and Development, 38(1), 29–54. Retrieved from
Hutan-tersisa. (2018). Skenario dan model konseptual hutan wakaf.
Indraswari, D. L. (2020, January 8). Darurat pengelolaan hutan Indonesia. Kompas.
Jannah, M., Sarkawi, A. A., & Othman, J. (2020). Legalization of waqf forests in Indonesia: A registration process. Indonesia Law Review, 10(3).
Khotimah, B. K., Irhamni, F., & Kustiyahningsih, Y. (2017). Integration fuzzy analytic network process (ANP) and SWOT business strategy for the development of small and medium enterprises (SME). AIP Conference Proceedings 1867, 020055.
Khuza, R., Kurniati, N., Suhendi, H., & Arif, M. F. (2019). Developing a waqf institution through repairment management and insitutional legalization. Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research (ASSEHR), 307, 34–37.
Ozdemir, I. (2002). An Islamic approach to the environment. Environment-Ecology.
Qaradhawi, Y. (2001). Islam agama ramah lingkungan (Ri'ayatul biiah fii syarii'atil Islam). Jakarta: Pustaka Al-Kautsar.
Rama, A. (2020, May 21). Keep up the generosity beyond Ramadan. Jakartapost.
Rastgoo, P. (2016). The role of human resources competency in improving the manager performance. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendeliane Brunensis, 64(1), 341–350.
Rasyid, F. (2014). Permasalahan dan dampak kebakaran hutan. Jurnal Lingkar Widyaiswara, 1(4), 47–59.
Rohmaningtyas, N., & Herianingrum, S. (2010). The significance of waqf in historical and teoritical studies. Journal of Islamic Economics Science, 1(1), 39–55.
Rubel, M. (2019). The strength of human resources in organization. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), 6(4), 2796–2799.
Saaty, T. L., & Vargas, L. G. (2006). Decision making with the analytic network process. New York: Springer.
Saheeh International Translation. (2010). The Qur'an with surah introductions and appendices. In A. B. Al-Mehri (Ed.), Maktabah Booksellers and Publishers.
Setyorini, S. N., Wirdyaningsih, & Hazna, C. A. (2020). Wakaf lingkungan hidup dalam rangka pelaksanaan pembangunan berkelanjutan dan penegakkan keadilan antargenerasi. Journal of Islamic Law Studies, Sharia Journal, 3(1), 98–132.
Seymour, F., & Busch, J. (2016). Why forests? Why now? In Center for Global Development. Retrieved from
Sahih Bukhari. (2009). Sahih Bukhari (M. M. Khan, Trans.; 1st ed.). (2009). Sahih Bukhari.
Sahih Muslim (A. A. H. Siddiqui; Trans). (2009). Sahih Muslim.
Shafiai, M. H. M., Moi, M. R., & Ahmad, R. (2015). The potential of waqf in activating idle agricultural land. Jurnal Pengurusan, 44, 141–147.
Sipongi KLHK. (2019). Rekapitulasi luas kebakaran hutan dan lahan (ha) per provinsi di Indonesia Tahun 2014–2019. Sipongi.
Tuckman, B. W., & Jensen, M. A. C. (1977). Stages of small-group development revisited. Group & Organization Studies, 2(4), 419–427.
Yaakob, A., Mahzir, N., Supaat, D. I., Zakaria, M. Z., Wook, I., & Mustafa, M. (2017). Waqf as a means of forest conservation: Alternative for Malaysia. Advanced Science Letters, 23(5), 4860–4864.
Yamamoto, Y., Shigetomi, Y., Ishimura, Y., & Hattori, M. (2019). Forest change and agricultural productivity: Evidence from Indonesia. World Development, 114, 196–207.


Khalifah Muhamad Ali (Primary Contact)
Salina Kassim
AliK. M., & KassimS. (2021). Development of Waqf Forest in Indonesia: The SWOT-ANP Analysis of Bogor Waqf Forest Program by Bogor Waqf Forest Foundation. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 27(2), 89.

Article Details

Conservation Strategy of Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

Dewi Lestari, Agus Hikmat, Ervizal Amir Muhammad Zuhud
Abstract View : 985
Download :16861

Strategi Pembangunan Hutan Rakyat Pinus di Tana Toraja

Melewanto Patabang, Nurheni Wijayanto, H Hardjanto
Abstract View : 710
Download :1411