Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles in Various Anthropogenic Disturbance Habitats in Nantu Forest, Sulawesi, Indonesia

  • Mirza Dikari Kusrini Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Luna Raftika Khairunnisa Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Aria Nusantara Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Agus Priyono Kartono Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Lilik Budi Prasetyo Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Novi Tri Ayuningrum Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
  • Fata Habiburrahman Faz Department of Forest Forest Resource Conservation and Ecotourism, Faculty of Forestry and Environment, IPB University, Academic Ring Road, Campus IPB Dramaga, Bogor, Indonesia 16680
Keywords: anthropogenic disturbances, biodiversity, herpetofauna, Nantu Wildlife Sanctuary, Sulawesi

Abstract

The Nantu Forest in Gorontalo Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia holds one of the few remaining pristine habitats in the island. The reserve is surrounded by human habituation which provide opportunity to study the impact of forest lost on biodversity. In addition, data on Nantu mostly focused on big mammals, as there is no previous herpetofauna survey at the area. Sampling of amphibian and reptile was conducted in June 2013 and in May–June 2014 using Visual Encounter Survey method, glue traps and transect sampling in seven different sites at the eastern part of Nantu. We categorized four habitat types based on human disturbances: high disturbed habitat (HDH), moderate disturbed habitat (MDH), low disturbed habitat (LDH) and pristine habitat (PH). A total of 680 individual amphibians (4 families; 17 species) and 119 individual reptiles (9 families; 29 species) were recorded. Species richness and species composition for amphibians and reptiles differs according to the level of human disturbances. Low level disturbances habitat demonstrated the highest diversity of amphibians and reptiles, whereas as expected, high distubed habitat showed the lowest diversity. Anthropogenic pressures in forest will decrease species richness of amphibian and reptiles. Although most amphibian and reptiles will be able to persist in low disturbances habitat, forest-dependent species will be lost when pristine forests are disturbed.

Author Biography

Mirza Dikari Kusrini, Faculty of Forestry, Bogor Agricultural University
Lecturer at Department of Forest Resourcesw Conservation & Ecotourism.

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Published
2020-12-12
How to Cite
Kusrini, M. D., Khairunnisa, L. R., Nusantara, A., Kartono, A. P., Prasetyo, L. B., Ayuningrum, N. T., & Faz, F. H. (2020). Diversity of Amphibians and Reptiles in Various Anthropogenic Disturbance Habitats in Nantu Forest, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 26(3), 291. https://doi.org/10.7226/jtfm.26.3.291
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Articles