WISATA ALAM BERBASIS MASYARAKAT SEBAGAI UPAYA PELESTARIAN PENYU DI PANTAI TEMAJUK KAWASAN PERBATASAN KALIMANTAN BARAT
AbstractPelestarian Penyu di Pantai Temajuk yang semakin terancam dari waktu ke waktu karena masalah kemiskinan dan terbatasnya lapangan pekerjaan. Daerah perbatasan umumnya jauh dari pembangunan menyebabkan masyarakat lokal cenderung memanfaatkan potensi sumber daya alam yang ada. Salah satunya adalah penjualan telur Penyu secara ilegal yang mengakibatkan keberadaan Penyu di Pantai Temajuk terancam. Dalam lingkup nasional dan internasional Penyu berstatus dilindungi, namun kondisi Penyu semakin terancam karena aktivitas tersebut. Status perlindungan saja tidak cukup untuk mempertahankan kelestarian Penyu, selama secara ekonomi masyarakat lokal masih lemah. Penyu mempunyai potensi yang lebih besar dan bernilai jual. Pemanfaatan Penyu sebagai objek wisata merupakan salah satu alternatif solusi terhadap kepentingan perlindungan Penyu dan memberikan manfaat ekonomi bagi masyarakat lokal. Pengunjung Pantai Temajuk mendukung usaha pelestarian Penyu melalui kesediaan membayar untuk tarif tiket wisata alam Penyu yang mempengaruhi penerimaan wisata dan berpotensi untuk memotivasi masyarakat lokal bekerja di bidang wisata. Selain itu, adanya dukungan dari masyarakat lokal menyatakan bersedia mengubah pola mencari nafkah dari menjual telur Penyu ke usaha di bidang wisata.
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