Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translated to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), IPB University. This journal focuses its main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routinely three times per year in March, July, and November. The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food has been <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener">accredited</a> since February 11th, 2015 by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia (Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015).</p> <p><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> is currently indexed in <a href="https://mjl.clarivate.com:/search-results?issn=1978-1059&amp;hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal">Clarivate Analytics under the category of Emerging Sources Citation Index</a>, <a href="https://doaj.org/toc/2407-0920?source=%7B%22query%22%3A%7B%22filtered%22%3A%7B%22filter%22%3A%7B%22bool%22%3A%7B%22must%22%3A%5B%7B%22terms%22%3A%7B%22index.issn.exact%22%3A%5B%221978-1059%22%2C%222407-0920%22%5D%7D%7D%2C%7B%22term%22%3A%7B%22_type%22%3A%22article%22%7D%7D%5D%7D%7D%2C%22query%22%3A%7B%22match_all%22%3A%7B%7D%7D%7D%7D%2C%22size%22%3A100%2C%22_source%22%3A%7B%7D%7D">DOAJ</a>,<a href="http://sinta.ristekbrin.go.id/journals/detail?id=784"> Science and Technology Index (SINTA)</a>, <a href="http://portalgaruda.fti.unissula.ac.id/?ref=browse&amp;mod=viewjournal&amp;journal=199">Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)</a>, <a href="https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=_nQ6IU4AAAAJ&amp;hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, and other scientific databases.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">In order to ensure the quality of the manuscripts, the journal uses <a href="https://www.turnitin.com/">Similarity Check</a> to prevent any suspected plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors coming from nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of experts from institutions related to food and nutrition. This Journal is managed by the Editorial Team with high commitment. Lecturers, researchers, and scientists are welcome to publish their scientific articles here in the Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/1978-1059">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="https://portal.issn.org/resource/ISSN/2407-0920">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 Dyslipidemia in Renal Dysfunction among Non-diabetic Individuals from the 2019 Indonesian Cohort Study: A Cross-Sectional Study https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/43382 <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between dyslipidemia and the estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) values in a healthy population without a history of diabetes mellitus. Data were part of the cohort study database of 2019. Data analysis was perfomed using descriptive and inferential statistics with linear regression in 893 of 1,545 non-diabetic participants. The results showed that the average cholesterol levels, High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL), Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides were 196.75, 48.71, 123.37, and 109.56 mg/dl, respectively, and the average eGFR level of the respondents was 98.47±15.50 mg/dl. This study found that age, HDL levels, and LDL levels had a significant relationship with eGFR (p&lt;0.05). It was concluded that increasing age and LDL levels and decreasing HDL levels would decrease eGFR.</p> Fifi Retiaty Frans Dany Fitrah Ernawati Nunung Nurjanah Eriwati Efriwati Aya Yuriestia Arifin Dian Sundari Mutiara Prihatini Widoretno Widoretno Ema Sahara Nelis Imanningsih Ade Nugraheni Herawati Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 71 78 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.71-78 Dietary Diversity, Stunting, and the Impact of an Education Program on Parents’ Knowledge and Attitudes in West Sumba, Indonesia https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/44549 <p style="text-align: justify;">This pre- and post-test quasi-experimental study aimed to assess dietary diversity and its association with stunting among toddlers (13–60 months), examine the levels of knowledge and attitudes towards balanced and diverse diets among parents or caregivers, and evaluate the impact of customized flashcards and meal boxes as educational tools on parents’/caregivers’ knowledge and attitudes in three selected villages in West Sumba, Indonesia. A total of 59 parents/caregivers were recruited, 30% of whom had stunted toddlers. The levels of parents’/caregivers’ knowledge and attitudes were moderate. The results from the pre-test study show that Dietary Diversity Score (DDS) did not correlate with stunting status. Furthermore, neither knowledge nor attitudes was discovered to be related to DDS. The use of flashcards and meal boxes in the educational program improved the scores of knowledge (p&lt;0.05) and attitudes (p&lt;0.05) from the pre-test scores. There was a positive correlation between knowledge and attitudes, either before or after the education program (r=0.362, p&lt;0.05 and r=0.562, p&lt;0.05, respectively). To summarize, this study has the potential to be applied in other rural and remote areas.</p> Dea Nathania Hendryanti Cynthia Andriani Sylvia Indriani Lidyawati Gunawan Mada Triandala Sibero Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 79 88 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.79-88 Risk Factors Associated with Underweight Children Under the Age of Five in Putrajaya, Malaysia: A Case-Control Study https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/45309 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to determine the associated factors for underweight among children under five years old in Putrajaya, Malaysia. This was a case-control study with a one-to-one ratio matched by sex as well as by three age categories (6‒11 months, 12‒35 months, dan 36‒59 months) between underweight and normal-weight children. There were 364 underweight children and 364 children with normal weight recruited from four government clinics and 118 preschools in Putrajaya. Both groups were assessed via face-to-face interviews; anthropometric measurements; haemoglobin level through finger prick blood sample; and a self-administered 3-day food diary. Underweight is defined as a weight-for-age z score less than -2SD based on World Health Organization (WHO) 2006 Growth Chart. The logistic regression’s final model revealed that various factors were significantly associated with underweight among children under five in Putrajaya. These factors included father being employed as a non-government servant [aOR:1.45 (95% CI:1.04‒2.02) compared to government servant], children from B40 group with a monthly household income less than &lt;RM 7,380 (USD 1727.33) [aOR:2.17 (95% CI:1.01‒4.66) compared to T20], monthly expenditure for childcare less than RM 1,000 (USD 234.06), [aOR:1.77 (95% CI:1.01‒3.10) compared to ≥RM 2,000], underweight mother during prepregnancy [aOR:1.89 (95% CI:1.10‒3.26)] compared to normal weight, anemic children [aOR:1.57 (95% CI:1.15‒2.16)] compared to normal children, children using pacifiers [aOR:1.75 (95% CI:1.21‒2.73)] compared to not using pacifiers and children staying with unregistered babysitters [aOR:2.33 (85% CI:1.52‒3.59)] compared to those attending kindergarten. The above findings suggest several factors are significantly associated with underweight among children under five years old. Therefore, it highlights on the importance of improving household socioeconomic status, maternal nutritional status, and infant and young child feeding practices to prevent underweight issues in this population.</p> Ruhaya Salleh Mohamad Hasnan Ahmad Cheong Siew Man Norazizah Ibrahim Wong Syafinaz Mohd Sallehuddin Lalitha Palaniveloo Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim Azli Baharudin Hazizi Abu Saad Mohd Azahadi Omar Noor Ani Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 89 98 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.89-98 Predicted Glycaemic Index Values of Rice Prepared with Different Cooking Methods https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/46538 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study investigated how the preparation methods impact the nutritional composition and estimated Glycaemic Index (eGI) of the white and brown rice samples. The analysis of proximate and eGI was conducted after the white and brown rice were prepared through these cooking methods: (1) cooking rice without additional coconut oil and not being refrigerated (control); (2) cooking rice without additional coconut oil and being refrigerated (XCOR); (3) cooking rice with additional coconut oil and not being refrigerated (COXR); and (4) cooking rice with additional coconut oil and being refrigerated (COR). The result showed that the COR method recorded the lowest calorie for both white and brown rice (223.93 kcal and 169.90 kcal per 100 g, respectively). Meanwhile, the COR method also recorded the lowest eGI for both white rice (2.31, 6.36, 6.07, 4.55, 3.02, 2.22 nm/min) and brown rice (1.44, 1.92, 1.92, 1.36, 0.66, 0.27 nm/min) at 20, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 180 min, respectively. In conclusion, consuming refrigerated rice that has been cooked with coconut oil can be used as an alternative preparation technique to lower both calorific value and glycaemic index for the preparation of healthier rice meals for health-conscious individuals.</p> Nur Maisarah Binti Mohd Khairi Wan Rosli Wan Ishak Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 99 108 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.99-108 The Therapeutic Effects of West Indian Elm (Guazuma ulmifolia) Leaf Extract on Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in Hypercholesterolemic Wistar Rats https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/45088 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to determine the therapeutic effect of West Indian elm leaf extract on coronary artery atherosclerosis in hypercholesterolemia Wistar rats. Cholesterol, a key factor in the pathophysiology of coronary heart disease, is present in fat-containing diets. Orlistat is one of the medications that can reduce blood cholesterol levels, but since it has side effects, herbs are more preferable to it. One such herbal plant, West Indian elm (Guazuma ulmifolia), contains tannins, saponins, alkaloids, and flavonoids, secondary metabolites that carry the properties necessary to reduce blood cholesterol levels, in its leaves. In this experimental study, which focused on histopathological parameters to see the scale of progression of coronary artery atherosclerosis, 30 Wistar rats were induced with a high-fat diet and divided into 6 sample groups, consisting of three control groups (normal, negative, and positive) and three treatment groups (which received a West Indian elm leaf extract at 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8 g/kgBW). Significant results were obtained from both Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (p&lt;0.05) between the negative control group and the positive control group, between the negative control group and treatment group 2 (0.4 g/kgBW), and between the negative control group and treatment group 3 (0.8 g/kgBW). In conclusion, this study proved that West Indian elm (Guazuma ulmifolia) leaf extract reduces the development of coronary atherosclerosis and shares a similarity in therapeutic effect with orlistat.</p> Reza Ramadhansyah Maria Selvester Thadeus Hikmah Muktamiroh Niniek Hardini Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 109 116 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.109-116 Nutrition Intake as a Risk Factor of Stunting in Children Aged 25–30 Months in Central Jakarta, Indonesia https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/46690 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the relationship between nutrient intake and the incidence of stunting and to determine the dominant factors associated with stunting in children aged 25‒30 months in Gambir and Sawah Besar Districts, Central Jakarta, Indonesia. This research was a quantitative study with a cross-sectional study design. The type of data collected was secondary data from a case control study entitled Differences in Milk Intake and Stunting Incidence in Children Aged 25–30 Months in Central Jakarta in 2019. Data collected included height measurement, questionnaire-based interview, and 24-hour food recall. The percentage of stunting in children aged 25 to 30 months was 29.8%. The factor associated with stunting was iron intake (OR=5.0; 95% CI:1.02–25.25; p&lt;0.05). Stunting was more likely to occur in children with inadequate iron intake than in those with adequate intake. To prevent stunting, iron-rich foods are essential and should be taken in sufficient amounts daily.</p> Dhea Agnia Ilmani Sandra Fikawati Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 117 126 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.117-126 Risk Factors of Subjective Cognitive Decline among Older People with Low Socioeconomic Status https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/46119 <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of the study is to investigate the predictors associated with Subjective Cognitive Decline (SCD)especially among older people with low socioeconomic status. This was a cross- sectional study involving older people with low socioeconomic status in Kelantan, which is one of the poorest states in Malaysia. Data of anthropometry, body composition, cognitive function, sarcopenia, depressive symptoms, medical history, blood pressure and polypharmacy were obtained via face-to-face interview. SCD was determined by a single item in the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS). Variables were analysed using the binary logistic regression model for identification of risk factors. A total of 293 older people with mean age of 69.1 years old was recruited. The SCD proportion in this study was 24.6%. One unit increase in Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) score increases risk of subjective cognitive decline by odds of 1.814 (OR=0.595: 95% CI:1.441–2.283; p&lt;0.001). Meanwhile, those with diabetes have a tendency of 2.972 to have SCD as compared to non-diabetics (OR=1.089: 95% CI:1.062–8.315; p&lt;0.038). The prevalence of SCD in this study is high and may contribute to cognitive impairment. The predictors of SCD were larger waist circumference, having diabetes, and increasing score in GDS. SCD must be screened earlier and healthy lifestyle must be emphasized. Routine screening and monitoring of non-communicable disease risk factors are important for the prevention of SCD.</p> Ameer Izzuddin Muhamad Nazri Divya Vanoh Soo Kah Leng Manal Badrasawi Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 127 136 10.25182/jgp.2023.18.2.127-136 [JGP] Front Matter https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49182 <p>-</p> Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN Copyright (c) 2023-07-31 2023-07-31 18 2 [JGP] Back Matter https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/49183 <p>-</p> Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN Copyright (c) 2023 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2023-08-01 2023-08-01 18 2