Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 2024-02-01T13:29:57+07:00 Prof. Dr. Ir. Dodik Briawan, MCN Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong></em>-in English translated to Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food- is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), IPB University. This journal focuses its main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routinely three times per year in March, July, and November. The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food has been accredited since May 11th, 2023 by the Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of Indonesia (Decree Number 79/E/KPT/2023).</p> <p><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> is currently indexed in <a href=";hide_exact_match_fl=true&amp;utm_source=mjl&amp;utm_medium=share-by-link&amp;utm_campaign=search-results-share-this-journal">Clarivate Analytics under the category of Emerging Sources Citation Index</a>, <a href="">DOAJ</a>,<a href=""> Science and Technology Index (SINTA)</a>, <a href=";mod=viewjournal&amp;journal=199">Indonesian Publication Index (IPI)</a>, <a href=";hl=id">Google Scholar</a>, and other scientific databases.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify">In order to ensure the quality of the manuscripts, the journal uses <a href="">Similarity Check</a> to prevent any suspected plagiarism.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><em>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan</em> has a competent Board of Editors coming from nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of experts from institutions related to food and nutrition. This Journal is managed by the Editorial Team with high commitment. Lecturers, researchers, and scientists are welcome to publish their scientific articles here in the Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p style="text-align: justify;" align="justify"><a href="">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Royal Free Hospital Nutrition Prioritizing Tools (RFH-NPT): Predictor of Malnutrition Risk among Chronic Liver Disease Patients 2024-02-01T13:29:57+07:00 Norashimah Rajab Syahrul Bariah Abdul Hamid <p style="text-align: justify;">This study is aimed to investigate the prevalence of malnutrition using Royal Free Hospital Nutrition Prioritizing Tools (RFH-NPT) and the correlation between malnutrition and RFH-NPT with clinical parameters. A total of 80 cirrhosis liver patients without liver cancer were enrolled in this prospective study. This study was conducted at Selayang hospital, which is the national tertiary referral centre for liver disease in Malaysia. We administered the nutrition screening of RFH-NPT to the patients within 24 hours after admission. The utilization of the RFH-NPT resulted in a higher incidence of nutritional risk, at 73%. The RFH-NPT revealed a higher proportion of Child Pugh C patients at risk for malnutrition (46/50 or 92%, p= 0.002) and had superior capability in identifying patients with intermediate and high risk for malnutrition (35/61 or 57.3%, p=0.012) within the subset of patients with Model for End- Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores below 15. Hence, we propose that the utilization of the RFH-NPT enhances medical professional’s capacity for early-stage prediction of malnutrition risk in patients with cirrhosis predominantly attributed to hepatitis virus infection.</p> 2024-01-31T20:46:51+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Dietetics Students' Perceived Facilitators and Barriers to Clinical Training in Malaysia: A Qualitative Theory-Guided Analysis 2024-02-01T13:29:56+07:00 Nur Amirah Nabihah Eshamuddin Lim Jun Hao Chin Yi Ying <p style="text-align: justify;">This study explored barriers and facilitators experienced by Malaysian dietetics graduates during clinical training in local healthcare settings. A qualitative study with phenomenological design was conducted on fifteen purposely selected fresh dietetics graduates, with a mean age of 24.7±0.8 years from seven local universities. Virtual interviews were conducted via the Cisco Webex and were verbatim transcribed and thematically analyzed using NVivo 12 Plus software. Data collection continued until data saturation was reached. Nine Theoretical Domain Frameworks (TDF-derived domains), comprising of 1) knowledge, 2) skills; 3) belief about capabilities; 4) intention; 5) goals; 6) memory, attention, and decision process; 7) environmental context and resources; 8) social influences; and 9) emotions domains, was utilized to develop open-ended questions in the semi-structured questionnaire. Within these domains, frequently associated sub-themes of perceived facilitators were identified: early preparation and comprehension. Pre-clinical classes that involve solving diverse and challenging cases equip students with practical understanding of clinical training. Curriculum-based university clinics offer valuable insights into hospital dietetics practice. Resources availability is crucial for effective Nutrition Care Process (NCP) implementation and aids in evidence-based nutrition counseling. Conversely, the factor that hinders clinical training reported by dietetics graduates is a lack of knowledge and readiness, particularly concerning their perceived knowledge before clinical training. Dissatisfaction also arises from challenges in building rapport, gathering patient information during counseling, and difficulties in assessing dietary recall with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds, affecting their readiness for dietetics practice and therefore, highlighting the need to enhance multicultural knowledge and cultural competency training among dietetics students. The findings from this study may assist in developing strategies to promote impactful experiences and enhance dietetic students' preparedness for clinical practice.</p> 2024-01-31T20:51:25+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Nutritional Status and Factors Affecting Food Intake among Hospitalized Patients in Hospital Ampang 2024-02-01T13:29:56+07:00 Siti Anissa Mohd Nasir Izyan Faiqah Shaharuddin Nazrul Hadi Ismail Mazuin Kamarul Zaman Siti Ramlah Rasimun Rasimun <p>The study aims to measure the current nutritional status and factors contributing to food consumption during hospitalization at Hospital Ampang. This is a cross-sectional study of 206 patients consisting of 104 males and 102 females respectively between 18 to 70 years of age. Data obtained from Factors Influencing Dietary Intake of Hospitalized Patients Questionnaire and Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS 2002). We used standardized methods to measure weight, height. Body weight categories were defined based on Body Mass Index (BMI). The BMI of participants was 26.08±4.56 kgm-2 and 52.0% (107) of participants had low risk of malnutrition and at risk of malnutrition. 85.4% admitted that the food tasted different. To conclude, patients’ low consumption of food during hospitalization should be enhanced. Thus, it is essential to implement effective strategies and interventions to increase dietary intake among hospitalized patients to fulfill their nutritional requirements and encourage quick recovery.</p> 2024-01-31T20:55:46+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Family Support and Dietary Adherence in Individuals with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Banten, Indonesia 2024-02-01T13:29:55+07:00 Ramadhanty Khoirunnisa Salim Ridwan Agil Dhiemitra Aulia Dewi <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between family support and dietary compliance in diabetes patients. This observational, crossectional study was conducted among 92 Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) patients age 20–70 years in Citangkil Public Health Center, Cilegon, Banten, Indonesia. Data were collected using self administered questionnaire to measure the dietary adherence and family support. Data was analyzed using Fisher Exact Test. Among 92 respondents that participated in the study, 84 (91.30%) reported having good family support, while 8 (8.70%) reported having inadequate family support. Family support associated with dietary adherence in individuals with T2DM (p&lt;0.05) in the Citangkil I Public Health Center area, Cilegon I, Banten, Indonesia. Good family support is expectedto increase dietary adherence in T2DM patients.</p> 2024-01-31T20:59:13+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Effects of Time-Restricted Eating on Cardiometabolic and Cardiovascular Health: Study Protocol (TRES) 2024-02-01T13:29:55+07:00 Mazuin Kamarul Zaman Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng Sazzli Shahlan Kasim Norsham Juliana <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to assess the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of 10-hr Time-Restricted Eating (TRE) compared to ad libitum eating on anthropometric measurements, cardiometabolic and cardiovascular health in patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS). The Time-Restricted Eating Study (TRES) is a single-centre, pragmatic, prospective, randomised controlled trial that will include 48 patients with ACS. Participants will be randomised in a 1:1 ratio to the intervention group where eating duration is restricted to 10 hours per day or control group with no limitation of eating duration imposed. Testing is scheduled at baseline and after four weeks of intervention. The primary outcome is change in body weight after four weeks of intervention. Secondary outcomes include changes in body composition, glycaemic and lipid profiles, inflammatory markers, oxidative stress, endothelial function, arterial stiffness, blood pressure, heart rate, safety, and feasibility of TRE on patients with ACS. The study was approved by the UiTM Research Ethics Committee. Findings will be disseminated through manuscripts, reports, and presentations. Findings on the feasibility and effectiveness of TRE in patients with ACS may broaden the body of evidence for implementing TRE as a dietary intervention to prevent secondary cardiovascular diseases.</p> 2024-01-31T21:02:40+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Nutrition Management for Acute Stroke with Right-Sided Hemiparesis: A Case Study 2024-02-01T13:29:54+07:00 Norfarhana Md Said Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng Nurnajwa Mohamed Denil Hazelin Abdul Rahim <p style="text-align: justify;">This case study aims to report on the nutrition management of acute stroke with right-sided hemiparesis using an approach of early enteral feeding intervention to prevent malnutrition. Mr. R, a 77-year-old Malay man was admitted to the hospital due to an acute stroke with right hemiparesis with underlying disease of Atrial Fibrillation (AF), hypertension, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM), Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) stage 3b, and significant Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD). His BMI was 24kg/m2 with a weight of 67kg and height of 1.67m, and he was presented with abnormal blood results. All his vital signs were normal, and he appeared lethargic. The patient was on bolus Nasogastric (NG) feeding via Ryle’s tube with polymeric formula. Inadequate enteral nutrition infusion related to infusion volume not yet reached, as evidenced by a 47% energy and 60% protein adequacy feeding history. The polymeric formula was changed to a diabetic-specific formula for better blood sugar control, and feeding was given according to the patient's needs. Mr. R required at least 70% of 1,675 kcal of energy and 53.6 g of protein (0.8 g/kg body weight) to prevent malnutrition. The patient was still on Ryle’s tube feeding and already achieved the targeted energy and protein requirements. Before being discharged, the patient was allowed orally, and a sample menu was given as guidance to avoid weight loss and muscle wasting during longterm recovery. This case highlights the importance of early enteral feeding support in stroke recovery and the need to prioritize meeting nutritional needs in stroke patient care. Mr. R showed improvement in health and nutrition and concluded that early and focused enteral nutrition support can lead to improved results and better quality of life for stroke survivors.</p> 2024-01-31T21:06:39+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Impact of Nutritional Intervention for Patient with Cerebrovascular Accident and Atrial Fibrillation Secondary to Hypertensive Emergency 2024-02-01T13:29:54+07:00 Noor Izati Roslan Aina Nadhra Ahmad Zamuri Mohd Ramadan Ab. Hamid Nurul Nurliana binti Baharudin <p style="text-align: justify;">This case study aims to report on the nutrition management of Cerebrovascular Accidents (CVA) which have a higher risk of malnutrition due to dysphagia, hemiparesis, decreased mobility, and dementia. Mrs. L, a 76-year-old Chinese lady, was less responsive at home. Upon admission, she was diagnosed with hypertensive emergency complicated by CVA, newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation, and End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD). Her Body Mass Index (BMI) is 22.5 kg/m2, which is underweight for her age. The patient, with abnormal blood results, high blood pressure, and poor Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, was treated with nasogastric enteral feeding and a disease-specific formula for diabetes. Inadequate enteral nutrition infusion related to feeding has yet to optimize as evidenced by intake of 57% of energy and 0.6 g/kg body weight of protein. Mrs. L required 1,442 kcal of energy and 57.7 g of protein (1 g/kg body weight) to meet adequate bodily function and prevent further weight loss. The nasogastric enteral feeding was optimized to 250 mL, seven times daily using the same diabetic formula. Throughout follow ups, although the patient’s dietary intake improved, she experienced episodes of diarrhea. She was also put on a 500 mL fluid restriction per day. Considering those issues, the diseasespecific formula was changed to renal disease formula. The patient then progressed to a soft diet with improved GCS scores and other conditions. This case highlights dysphagia which is the leading cause of malnutrition in stroke patients, associated with poor prognosis, increased mortality, and deteriorated health outcomes, necessitating enteral nutrition support to enhance nutritional status and promote health. It can be concluded that MNT in managing patients with CVA, hypertensive emergency, and underlying diseases of diabetes and ESRD helps to improve the patient’s recovery. The patient's treatment and diet should be optimally adjusted through close monitoring and evaluation</p> 2024-01-31T21:11:14+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan The Relationship between Folic Acid Intake and Depression among College Students 2024-02-01T13:29:53+07:00 Tashila Zahra Persada Dyah Intan Puspitasari <p style="text-align: justify;">The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between folic acid intake and the incidence of depression among students of Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, department of Nutrition. This cross-sectional study recruited 40 participants following the inclusion criteria. Sample collection was done by random sampling. Data collection on the adequacy of folic acid intake was carried out using the non-consecutive three days 24 four Food recall. The prevalence of depression was obtained by measuring the level of depression in the last two weeks using the Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) questionnaire. The results showed that 2.5% of the subjects had sufficient folic acid intake and 97.5% had insufficient folic acid intake with mean 78,5 mcg. About 47.5% of subjects experienced minimal depression, 20% experienced mild depression, 25% experienced moderate depression, and 7.5% experienced major depression with mean score 13.4. Futher analysis, the p-value (p=0.145) indicated that there was no significant relationship between folic acid and depression status. Recommended for using the Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQ-FFQ) to see acid intake folate and pay attention to other factors that cause depression.</p> 2024-01-31T21:17:15+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Association between Sleep, Stress and BMI with Chrononutrition Behaviors among Military Personnel in Malaysia 2024-02-01T13:29:53+07:00 Ain Suhana Mohd Suki Mazuin Kamarul Zaman <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to find the association between sleep quality, stress level, and Body Mass Index (BMI) with the chrononutrition behaviors of military personnel. Six chrononutrition behaviors were assessed using the Chrononutrition Profile Questionnaire (CPQ). Sleep quality was measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and perceived stress using the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10). The associations between chrononutrition behaviors and sleep quality, stress level, and BMI were determined using the Fisher exact test. Data was collected from 210 participants (median age: 27.5 years). Most military personnel, 62% (n=129) experienced moderate stress. Approximately 59.2% (n=122) demonstrated poor sleep quality. Out of six chrononutrition behaviors, sleep quality was significantly associated with evening eating (p=0.004) and night eating (p=0.028). Stress level was significantly associated with evening eating (p=0.051), night eating (p=0.019), and eating window (p=0.014). No association was found between chrononutrition behaviors and BMI of military personnel. Chrononutrition behaviors are associated with sleep quality and stress level but not body mass index in military personnel. Further understanding of sleep quality and stress among military personnel is imminent to prevent future weight issues concerning altered eating behaviors in this population.</p> 2024-01-31T21:26:42+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan The Effect of Caffeine Consumption on Sleep Quality among Undergraduate Students in Malaysia 2024-02-01T13:29:52+07:00 Emmy Hainida Khairul Ikram Nur Afifah Rosli Azizah Mat Hussin Atiyah Nurjannah Chasni <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the effect of caffeine consumption on sleep quality among university students. This was a cross-sectional study that used a quantitative approach method. The data for this study was collected using a structured online questionnaire and distributed via online platforms to identify eligible participants. All the participants self-administered all three sections of the questionnaire, which were sociodemographic variables, the caffeine questionnaire tool, and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). A chi-squared test was used to investigate the association between caffeine intake and sleep quality and the measured study characteristics. About 300 students, with a mean age of 21.95±1.43 years old, were recruited. The average caffeine intake of the study population was 193.54 mg per day. The respondents had good sleep quality was 44.7% while 55.3% had poor sleep. The study also found that there was a significant association between caffeine intake and sleep quality (p-value&lt;0.01). Meanwhile, there was no significant association between sociodemographic characteristics and caffeine intake or sleep quality. This study shows that a student's excessive intake of caffeine is correlated with poor sleep quality. Therefore, prevention strategies should be used to raise awareness of the issue and understand how consuming too much caffeine might result in poor sleep quality.</p> 2024-01-31T21:29:19+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Dietary Salt Intake among Staff at a Public University in Selangor 2024-02-01T13:29:52+07:00 Mohd Ramadan Ab Hamid Azni Afifah Mat Jani <p style="text-align: justify;">This study examines knowledge, attitude and behavior related to dietary salt intake among UiTM Puncak Alam staff. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 UiTM Puncak Alam staff. Respondents were recruited conveniently to complete a self-administered questionnaire that provides information on knowledge, attitude and behavior related to dietary salt. Descriptive statistics were used to report the survey findings. Results showed that most of the respondents (95.7%) had a knowledge that overeating salt could damage their health. However, only 35.7% of the respondents recognized the daily recommendation of salt intake and 40.0% of them were able to identify the difference between salt and sodium. Regarding attitude, only 28.3% of respondents believed their salt intake would exceed dietary guidelines. In practice, 31.4% of respondents controlled their salt intake by avoiding consuming processed food, and 18.0% referred to salt labels on food packages. This study showed that UiTM Puncak Alam staff was knowledgeable on particular aspects of salt. However, their attitudes are less favorable, and they need to improve their practices toward dietary salt intake to achieve target salt intake.</p> 2024-01-31T21:32:31+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Factors Affecting Chronic Energy Deficiency among Pregnant Women in East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia 2024-02-01T13:29:51+07:00 Rizkia Rachmi Avliya Quratul Marjan Dian Luthfiana Sufyan Utami Wahyuningsih <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to investigate the relationship between maternal and household characteristics with the Chronic Energy Deficiency (CED) occurrence among pregnant women in East Nusa Tenggara (ENT). CED was observed through Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) measurement of &lt;23.5 cm. Utilizing a cross-sectional design using secondary data from the 2018 Indonesia Basic Health Survey (Riskesdas) involving 387 pregnant women. Bivariate analysis (chi-square test) and multivariate analysis (multiple logistic regression) were conducted. Significant associations with the CED included parity (p=0.002), education level (p=0.018), access to hospital (transportation mode) (p=0.032), and access to primary healthcare facilities (travel time) (p=0.032). Multivariate analysis identified parity as the most influential variable for the CED occurrence among pregnant women (p=0.016; OR=1.868). In conclusion, mothers with a parity of less than two or more than three children had a higher risk of experiencing CED during pregnancy in ENT. To prevent CED and its consequences, it is recommended to emphasize family planning, address parity concerns, and prioritize maternal nutritional status before and during pregnancy.</p> 2024-01-31T21:35:20+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan The Food Insecurity Issues in Gastronomy Tourism among Local and International Tourists in Malaysia 2024-02-01T13:29:51+07:00 Nazrul Hadi Ismail Nur Quratul Aini Zulfa Alina Shuhaida Muhammad Ramly Mohd Shazali Md Sharif Norazmir Md Nor <p style="text-align: justify;">The objectives of this study are to investigate the food security issues arising in gastronomic tourism, to verify the food insecurity experiences encountered by tourists, and to determine the tourists’ dining satisfaction from the gastronomic tourism experiences in Malaysia. A quantitative approach was selected for this study. These issues were concluded from the data collection via questionnaire forms disseminated online through multiple social media platforms consisting of 250 participants of both local and international tourists visiting Malaysia. The Independent T-test and Mann-Whitney test were used as the main statistical test to establish if any tourist groups had food security-related issues during their visit. The results showed that local tourists are more likely to be affected by food security issues, food insecurity, and dining experiences. Overall, this study discovered that both local and international tourists have contrasting experiences in gastronomy tourism in Malaysia.</p> 2024-01-31T21:39:01+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Reduction of Saturated Fat in Dark Chocolate using Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) Oil Oleogel 2024-02-01T13:29:50+07:00 Izzreen Ishak Nur Ezzatul Balqish Ismail Nabilah Shahiqah Yahaya Johari Khaironi Nafisah Musa Arnida Hani Teh Maaruf Abd Ghani <p style="text-align: justify;">This research studied the effectiveness of Sacha Inchi Oil Oleogel (SIOO) as a partial replacement for saturated fat in dark chocolate. Sacha inchi (<em>Plukenetia volubilis</em>) oil is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (α-linolenic and linoleic acids) and a good source of tocopherols. This study prepared oleogels using sacha inchi oil as a base oil and food-grade beeswax as an oleogelator. Different percentages of SIOO (1%, 2.5% and 5.0%) were added in the dark chocolate. Dark chocolate without SIOO was used as a control. Fatty acid profile, total polyphenols, antioxidant activity and sensory evaluation of the formulated dark chocolates with SIOO were investigated. The incorporation of SIOO significantly (p&lt;0.05) lowered the saturated fat and increased the polyunsaturated fatty acids in dark chocolate samples. This study also showed that the total polyphenols and antioxidant activity of dark chocolates enriched with 2.5 and 5.0% SIOO were significantly higher (p&lt;0.05) than the other chocolate samples. Sensory evaluation showed that control and dark chocolates added with SIOO (1% and 2.5%) received similar scores for all sensory attributes. However, the highest concentration of SIOO decreased significantly (p&lt;0.05) the scores for the taste and overall acceptability of dark chocolate. Therefore, the enrichment of sacha inchi oil oleogel as a functional ingredient could reduce the saturated fat and increase the polyunsaturated fatty acids and antioxidant activity of the formulated dark chocolate, which is well-accepted by consumers.</p> 2024-01-31T21:43:14+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Banana Peels as Potential Prebiotic and Functional Ingredient 2024-02-01T13:29:50+07:00 Chee Yee Tan Nurul Nadiah Mohd Arifin Mohd Redzwan Sabran <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the prebiotic potential of the banana peel on the growth of probiotic Lactobacillus spp. in vitro and to utilize the peel as a functional ingredient in preparing biscuits. Peels of dessert banana (pisang berangan) and plantain (pisang nangka) were oven-dried and homogenized, and the total sugar content was determined. Subsequently, different cultivation media were made by substituting the carbon source with Banana Peel Powder (BPP), Plantain Peel Powder (PPP), glucose, and inulin. These media were later fermented with probiotic Lactobacillus spp., extracted from a probiotic drink. The growth performance was accessed following 24 hours of incubation. BPP and PPP were incorporated into the preparation of biscuits as functional ingredients. A portion of wheat flour was substituted with 10%, 20%, and 30% of BPP and PPP, respectively, during the preparation of the biscuits. These biscuits were then analyzed for proximate composition, physical properties, and estimated Glycaemic Index (eGI). The supplementation of BPP and PPP in the media improved the probiotic bacteria's growth rate and generation time as the media had a significantly higher amount of Lactobacillus spp. compared to others. Both BPP- and PPP-supplemented media had significantly low pH, indicating intense metabolic activity of the bacteria utilizing the peels. Results also showed significant differences in the total dietary fiber and protein content of BBP- and PPP-incorporated biscuits. The addition of BPP and PPP did not significantly affect the physical properties of the biscuit, and such incorporation resulted in lower eGI when compared to the control. BPP and PPP possess potential prebiotic properties and can be utilized as functional ingredients. Further study is warranted to explore other prebiotic properties of banana peels and to investigate consumers' acceptance of banana peel-incorporated foods.</p> 2024-01-31T21:46:04+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Development and Validation of a Website on Early Childhood Nutrition 2024-02-01T13:29:49+07:00 Fatin Najiha Esam Naleena Devi Muniandy <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to develop and determine the content and face validation of eHealth website that can function as a one-stop information center for parents, caregivers, teachers, and healthcare professionals on early childhood nutrition. This study was divided into two phases. Phase 1 involved website development and was executed in three steps: Step 1: Need Assessment, Step 2: Design Arrangement, and Step 3: Website Construction. Phase 2 involved website validation, which included content validation by six professionals in nutrition/dietetics and early childhood education fields and face validation by six professionals and 50 target users, including parents, caregivers, nursery or preschool teachers, and students. The content validation obtained a score of 1.00. The face validation by professionals exceeds the minimum value of 80% except for the Quality of Information. In comparison, face validation by the users exceeds 80% except for Subjective Quality. Krippendorff’s Alpha for each validation was below 0.66. In conclusion, the content validation of the website indicated high agreement, while the face validation indicated sufficient by the professionals and target users. The website will be a good start for intervening in long-term nutrition-related issues such as non-communicable diseases and obesity, as eating habits and food choices from young affect future health outcomes.</p> 2024-01-31T21:49:38+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Mother’s Knowledge, Attitude and Practices and its Influence toward Nutritional Status of Children in Terengganu 2024-02-01T13:29:49+07:00 Nur Husna Syahirah Juhari Wee Bee Suan <p style="text-align: justify;">This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the nutritional status, Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) regarding stunting among mothers and its relationship with stunting among children below two years old in Terengganu. A total of 330 mother-child pairs from Terengganu were recruited through purposive sampling. Anthropometric measurement comprised weight and height. Information on socio–demographic, and a validated questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and practice of stunting were selfreported. Chi-square test was applied in this study with p&lt;0.05 considered significant outcome. The majority (61.2%) of the mothers aged 30−39 years old, with tertiary educational level (51.5%) and in the low income group (86.4%). The prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight was 25.2%, 9.4% and 14.2% respectively for the children below two years old in Terengganu. KAP analysis revealed that 44.5% of mothers had moderate level of knowledge, while 68.8% and 92.7% had good level of attitude and practice, respectively. A significant association (p&lt;0.05) was found between knowledge of mothers with stunting among the children, while no significant association between attitudes and practice with stunting. The present study found that mothers’ knowledge significantly impacted their child’s growth status in relation to stunting. Future intervention programmes should incorporate nutrition education focusing on mothers’ knowledge to prevent stunting among children.</p> 2024-01-31T21:53:49+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Data Quality of Nutritional Status among Children Using WHO Anthro Application: A Quasi-Experimental Study 2024-02-01T13:29:48+07:00 Faurina Risca Fauzia Aldira Pangesti <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to look at improving the quality of nutritional status data through WHO Anthro training in stunting focus areas. This study used a quasi-experimental quantitative method with a pretest-posttest equivalent repeated measures framework approach, using two groups. A total of 40 kindergarten teachers were sampled, divided equally into two groups. The control group was taught how to plot nutritional status using WHO charts and the intervention group was trained how to use the WHO Anthro application. Data was analyzed by non-parametrical means with a Friedman test to compare the pre-mid-post data in each group of different samples. The group trained by WHO Anthro showed that the data quality on nutritional status was significantly different, with a p=0.000. The evaluation conducted after two months of training proved to be significantly different in terms of information and data accuracy with p=0.030 and p=0.040, respectively. WHO Anthro is proven to be able to facilitate kindergarten teachers in determining the nutritional status of students, and the resulting nutritional status reports are of higher quality because they are more accurate and useful for early detection of stunting in each school.</p> 2024-01-31T21:57:21+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Association between Sociodemographic Factors with Nutritional Status among Primary School Children in Setiu, Terengganu, Malaysia 2024-02-01T13:29:43+07:00 Napisah Hussin Nurul Liyana Mamat Hasmiza Halib Wong Chee Yen <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the association between sociodemographic aspects and nutritional status among rural Setiu, Terengganu schoolchildren. A cross-sectional study using convenience sampling was conducted among 269 primary school children. Sociodemographic information was obtained from parents or guardians through face-to-face interviews, and standardized techniques and calibration were adopted for anthropometric measurements. The World Health Organization Anthro Plus was used to generate the z-scores for Weight-for-Age (WAZ), Height-for-Age (HAZ), and Body Mass Index-for- Age (BAZ) to indicate underweight, stunting, and obesity among the children. Chi-squared test was used to determine the association between sociodemographic factors and nutritional status. The children exhibited mean WAZ, HAZ, and BAZ scores of -0.66, -0.82, and -0.00, respectively. Approximately 13.8% of schoolchildren in this study were stunted, 16.7% were underweight, 8.9% were overweight, and 11.5% were obese. Age and the father's education level were significantly associated with WAZ (p=0.02 and p=0.001), household size was associated with HAZ (p=0.029), and BAZ was found to be associated with the father's income factor (p=0.03). This study discovered that the majority of results from the measurement of WAZ, HAZ and BAZ were in normal growth with 81 (79.4%), 230 (85.5%) and 196 (72.9%), respectively. In conclusion, this study indicates that most of the sociodemographic factors were not associated with nutritional status and the prevalence of malnutrition among primary school children in the rural areas of Setiu, Terengganu was lower than in the other rural areas.</p> 2024-01-31T22:00:32+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan [JGP] Front Matter Supp.1 Jan 2024 2024-02-01T13:29:42+07:00 Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN <p>-</p> 2024-01-31T22:17:25+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan [JGP] Table of Contents 2024-02-01T13:29:42+07:00 Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN <p>-</p> 2024-01-31T22:18:19+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan [JGP] Back Matter Supp.1 Jan 2024 2024-02-01T13:29:41+07:00 Prof. Dr. Dodik Briawan, MCN <p>-</p> 2024-01-31T22:19:09+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan