Ketahanan Biokimia Tanaman Cabai terhadap Begomovirus Penyebab Penyakit Daun Keriting Kuning
AbstractPlant biochemical resistance towards virus infection can be evaluated through measurement of salicylic acid accumulation and peroxidase concentration. A research was conducted to study biochemical resistance of chillipepper to infection of Pepper yellow leaf curl Begomovirus (PYLCV) the causal agent of pepper yellow leaf curl disease. Virus inoculation was done using insect vector, Bemisia tabaci. Salicylic acid accumulation and peroxidase concentration on 6 chillipepper genotypes (35C2, IPB C15, IPB C26, IPB C10, IPB C14, dan IPB C12) was measured 120 h after inoculation. The results showed that salicylic acid accumulation and peroxidase concentration were higher on plants after virus infection. Susceptible genotypes (35C2, IPB C15, IPB C26) tend to have higher salicylic acid accumulation and peroxidase concentration than those of resistant genotype (IPB C12). Positive correlation was observed between biochemical resistance (salicylic acid accumulation) and structural resistance (length of palisade meshophyll cell).
Key words: Begomovirus, Pepper yellow leaf curl virus, peroxide enzyme, resistance mechanism, salicylic acid
Authors who publish in Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia agree to the following terms:
1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.