The Effect of Parenting Style, Self-Efficacy, and Self Regulated Learning on Adolescents’ Academic Achievement
Academic achievement as one of learning outcome indicator in adolescents influenced by the self and family environment factors. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of child characteristics, family characteristics, parenting style perceived by adolescents, self-efficacy and self regulated learning on adolescents academic achievement. The study used self report method which involved 91 eighth grade students from two junior high schools in Bogor. Data analysis included descriptive analysis and inference analysis (correlation test and linier regression test). Result showed that majority of samples perceived their parent as authoritative (86.8%) followed by authoritarian (11.0%) and permissive (2.2%). The result also showed that majority of samples had medium level in self-efficacy and self regulated learning. More than a half of samples had under average level in academic achievement. Correlation results showed that there were significant and positive relationship between authoritarian parenting style with birth order, family size as well as gender. Self regulated learning were significantly and positively related with authoritative parenting style (r=0.257, p-value<0.05) and self-efficacy (r=0.330, p-value<0.01). Meanwhile, regression results showed a positive effect of academic achievement on father's education (β=0.315, p-value=0.006) and authoritative parenting styles (β=0.259, p-value=0.014), as well as negatively on gender (β=-0.267, p-value=0.014) and permissive parenting style (β=-0.203, p-value=0.039).
[IES]. Institute of Education Science. 2011. Overview TIMSS and PIRLS Achievement 2011. USA: IES.
Bandura A, Caprara GV, Barbaranelli C, Gerbino M, Pastorelli C. 2003. Role of affective self-regulatory efficacy in diverse spheres of psychosocial functioning. Child Development. Vol 74, 769-782.
Baumrind D. 1967. Child-care practices anteceding three patterns of preschool behavior. Genetic Psychology Monographs. Vol 75, 43-88.
Hartoyo, Hastuti D. 2004. Perilaku investasi pada anak nelayan dan implikasinya terhadap pengentasan kemiskinan. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Hastuti D. 2009. Pengasuhan: Teori dan Prinsip serta Aplikasinya di Indonesia. Bogor (ID): Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen. Fakultas Ekologi Manusia. IPB.
Hurlock EB. 1980. Psikologi Perkembangan Edisi ke 5. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Maccoby EE, Martin JA. 1983. Socialization in the contex of the family: Parent-child interaction. Handbook of Child Psychology 4th Edition. Socialization, personality, and social development, Vol 4, 1-101. New York: Wiley.
Salmeron-Perez H, Gutierrez-Braojos C, Fernandez-Cano A, Salmeron-Vilchea P. 2010. Self regulated learning, self efficacy beliefs, and performance during the late childhood. RELIEVE. Vol 6, 1-18.
Santrock JW. 2002. Life Span Development: Perkembangan Masa Hidup. Damanik J, Chusairi A, penerjemah; Kristiaji WC, Sumiharti Y, editor. Jakarta (ID): Erlangga.
__________. 2003. Adolescence, Perkembangan Remaja, Edisi Keenam. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Schunk DH, Meece JL. 2005. Self-efficacy development in adolescences. In Self-Efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents (71-96). Information Age Publishing.