Effects of Socialization Methods and Peer Attachment on Character Strength of School-Aged Children

  • Risa Umasyah Undergraduate Student at Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University
  • Alfiasari Alfiasari Department of Family and Consumer Sciences, Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University
Keywords: character strength, peer attachment, school-age children, socialization methods, rural families


This study aimed to analyze the influences of socialization methods and peer attachment on character strength of scholl-aged in rural families. This study employed cross sectional approach using survey and interview. A hundred of families with children at grades 4 and 5 in two public elementary schools at Pamijahan Sub District, Bogor Regency participated in this study. This found only age and peer attachment that had significant influence on character strengths of school-aged children in rural families.


Download data is not yet available.


Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (1987). The inventory of parent and peer attachment: relationship to well-being in adolescence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. 16, 427-454. doi: 10.1007/BF02202939.

Armsden, G. C., & Greenberg, M. T. (2009). Inventory of parent and peer attachment (IPPA). Journal Health and Human Development.

Berns, R. M. (1997). Child, Family, School, Community: Socialization and Support. US: Harcourt Brace College Publishers.

Bowlby, J. (1992). The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth. Developmental Psychology. 759-775

Dewanggi, M. (2013). The influence of attachment, parenting style, and environmental quality of care to the character of rural and urban children (Master's thesis). Retrived from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/71911,

Gullon. (2005). The inventory of parent and peer attachment revices (IPPA-R) for chilldren: a psychometric investigation. Journal of Psychology and psychotherapy. 12, 67-79. doi: 10.1002/cpp.433.

Hastuti, D., Sarwoprasodjo, S., & Alfiasari. (2013). Integration of family relationships and the school's strength of character and prosocial behavior of teenagers in Bogor Indonesia. [Papers]. Bogor (ID): Bogor Agricultural University

Hurlock, E. B. (1980). Psychology Child Development: An Approach Throughout Range Life (5th ed.) (Istiwidayanti, Soedjarwo, Trans.; Silabat, R, M, Eds.). Jakarta, Indonesia: Erlangga.

Lickona, T. (1994). Raising Good Children: From Birth through the Teenage years. New York, NY: Bantam.

Marliani, Y. F. (2014). Effect of maternal attachment method of socialization and the teenage characters in the Village of Situ Gede Bogor City. (Undergraduate thesis). Retrived from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/72234.

Nadiya, A. 2013. The relationship between the welfare of the family and child welfare on farm families (Undergraduate thesis). Retrived from


Naibaho, F. D. (2013). Maternal parenting style, attachment with peers, and adolescent self-concept in the family (Undergraduate thesis). Retrived from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/66289.

Litman-Ovadia, H., & Davidovitch, N. (2010). Effects of Congruence and CharacterStrength Deployment on Work Adjustment and Well-Being. International Journal of Business and Social Science. 1(3), 137-145. Retrived from http://ijbssnet.com/journals/Vol._1_No._3_December_2010/14.pdf.

Park, Peterson, & Seligmen. (2004). Strengths of character and well–being. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 23(5), 603-619. Doi: doi: 10.1521/jscp.23.5.603.50748.

Pasaribu, R. M. (2013). The influence of parenting styles and methods of dissemination of parents of honest character and responsibilities of high school students in the city of Bogor (Master's thesis). Retrived from


Santrock, J. W. (2007). Child Development (11th ed.). Jakarta, Indonesia: Erland.

Seligman, et al. (2007). Character strength in the United Kingdom: The VIA Inventory of Strengths. Personality and Individual Difference. 341-351. Doi: doi: 10.1016 / j.paid.2006.12.004.

Statistics Indonesia. (2013). West Java in 2013. Figures Jawa Barat, Indonesia: Author.

Susanti. (2013). Communication and attachment to parents, attachment to peers, as well as life satisfaction teenage mothers by working status (Undergraduate thesis). Retrived from http://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/66069.