Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/fapetipb/cover_iptp.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan (Journal of Animal Production &amp; Processing Technology)<br><br>ISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2303-2227</a></p> <p>eISSN : <a href="https://portal.issn.org/api/search?search[]=MUST=notcanc,notinc,notissn,notissnl=%222303-2227%22&amp;search_id=2228944">2615-594X</a>&nbsp;<br><br>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is published three times a year in January, June, and October by Department of Animal Production and Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University in associated with <a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/1bhEFBz8AGbtAQLiAsFH_Lyx_QN0L7LBm/view?usp=sharing">Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)</a>. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan as the open access journal has been indexed by <strong>Garuda, PKP Index, Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),</strong>&nbsp;<strong>EuroPub,</strong> <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA),&nbsp;</strong>and&nbsp;<strong>Google Scholar</strong>.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan is currently an accredited journal under <strong>SINTA 3</strong> category by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) under Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia as stipulated in the Decree No. 30.EKPT/2019.</p> <p>Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan&nbsp;receives manuscripts encompass a broad range of research topics :&nbsp;livestock production, management and environment, breeding and genetics, livestock yield technology, and socio-economic livestock.</p> en-US agunawan.jipthp@gmail.com (Prof. Dr. agr. Asep Gunawan, S.Pt M.Sc) astariapriantini@gmail.com (Dr. Astari Apriantini S.Gz, M.Sc) Sun, 29 Oct 2023 11:07:35 +0700 OJS http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Calf Performance Offspring of Cow Fed with Depolarizing Katuk Leaves https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51047 <p><span class="fontstyle0">The birth and growth of dairy calves are important factors in the dairy cattle business. The growth of calves and mothers needs to be monitored in production management so that they can produce good seeds or milk according to the expected quality. This study aims to determine the effect of feeding depolarized katuk leaves on the performance of calves from cow consuming depolarized katuk. 21 gestation cows were three groups of seven cows each, the control group (feed complete),CF-DKPo (complete feed added with Depolarized Katuk Powder), CF-DKPe (complete feed added with Depolarized Katuk Pellets). As a feed addition, 100 grams of depolarized katuk feed were provided daily to each head which is given in the morning by mixing it with the morning feed. The treatment was served during at 10 days before calving day and up to 7 days birth. The research data consisted of gestational days data, daily gain data and calf body weight data from 0 – 90 days old. Data analysis on gestational age, body weight, and average daily gain of calf were by using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), and if there is a difference, continue with further testing (Dunnett’s test) using SPSS. The results showed that there were differences in birth weight and body weight in calves from mothers that were given depolarized katuk leaves. Calves from broodstock that consumed depolarized katuk leaves in pellet form had higher weights compared to the control and BKD treatments. Significant differences occurred in birth weight and calf ADG for each treatment. Katuk leaves that have been depolarized can be added to feed to help calves grow bigger.</span></p> T. Amboro, A. Atabany, A. Suprayogi Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51047 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Carcass Productivity and Meat Quality Bambu Apus Rabbit https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51048 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Rabbits are meat-producing livestock with high productivity. Rabbit meat has high nutritional content and is good for health. The DKI Jakarta Government through the Center for Animal Health and Livestock Services (Pusyankeswannak) has opened the Bambu Apus Livestock Park. This research was conducted to determine the productivity of bambu apus rabbit carcasses as broiler rabbits to support urban farming programs in DKI Jakarta. Ten of bambu apus rabbits (five males and five females), ten of new zealand white rabbits (eight males and two females) and 17 rexsi grinak rabbits (eight males and nine females) were used. The body weights of the rabbits ranged from 2000 to 3000 g per head. This research has obtained Ethical Clearance (Balitbangtan/Center for Animal Husbandry Research BRIN/NRm/01/2022). Rabbits were slaughtered according to Islamic Syar’i and the carcass were cutting according to the commercial cut. A completely randomized design with a 3 x 2 factorial pattern (sex and type of rabbit) was used with carcass productivity and meat physical properties as variables. Bambu apus rabbits have good carcass productivity (Carcass Percentage, Meat Bone Ratio), meat on commercial cuts (Loin and Hindleg) and carcass quality (pH, tenderness, Water Holding Capacity and cooking losses) which were the same as new zealand white rabbits and rexsi agrinak rabbits as the broiler rabbit. Bambu apus rabbits have good carcass production and carcass meat quality so they have the potential to be developed into broiler rabbits in support of urban farming programs.</span> </p> H. Margatama, H. Nuraini, B. Brahmantiyo, Supratikno Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51048 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of the Sustainability of Beef Cattle Breeding Business-Intensive Rearing Patterns in, Indramayu Regency, West Java https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51049 <p><span class="fontstyle0">The increase population growth may cause an increase in the need for food originating from animal protein, one of which is meat. The demand for beef is not matched by an increase in the national cattle population or productivity. Policies on cattle breeding in the future require basic information, potential resources, and supporting facilities that are actualized in indicators and aspects of sustainability. The aim of the study was to analyze the index and status of the sustainability of a cattle breeding business with an intensive rearing pattern in Situ Bolang Indramayu, West Java, which was assessed from ecological, socio-cultural, economic, legal-institutional, and technological-infrastructure indicators. The method used is multidimensional scaling (MDS) with the Rap-UPTS approach for the analysis of index values and sustainability status. The identification of sensitive indicators, errors in index values, and sustainability in each aspect was carried out by Leverage and Monte Carlo analysis. The respondents amounted to 12 farmers. The results of the sustainability index analysis illustrate that the ecological indicators are 66.39, socio-cultural 57.14, economic 56.31, and legal-institutional 57.44, with a fairly sustainable status. In the Technology-Infrastructure Indicator 45.48, the status is less sustainable. It is necessary to increase the status of sustainability in the future, and it is necessary to make efforts to improve overall in all sensitive aspects of increasing the status of cattle breeding areas.</span> </p> Sutrisno, L. Cyrilla E. N. S. D., B. W. Putra Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51049 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Effect of Concentration of Antioxidant Quercetin on Semen Quality of Boer Goat during Cold Storage using Andromed Extender https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51052 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Artificial insemination (AI) is a reproductive technology aimed at increasing livestock productivity resulting in animals with superior genetics. Storing semen at cold temperatures can damage sperm quality, one way to improve semen quality is by adding antioxidants such as Quercetin, which has been shown to have a positive effect on sperm quality. The objective of this research is to determine the effect of Quercetin on sperm quality in cold storage using Andromed extender on 5 years old Boer goat using artificial vagina. The method of this research was using Completed Randomized Design (CRD) Factoral two-factors. Variable being tested was motility, viability, abnormality and membrane integrity of spermatozoa. Data was analyze using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), if there was a significant or significantly differences of treatment then continued by Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (DMRT). Result showed that additional of </span><span class="fontstyle2">quercetin </span><span class="fontstyle0">and storage time had a significantly differences (P&lt;0.01) effect on motility, viability and membrane integrity and did not have significant (P&lt;0.05) effect on percentage of abnormality. The best result shown that additional of </span><span class="fontstyle2">quercetin </span><span class="fontstyle0">at 30 μM diluted with Andromed extender for 24-hour cold storage has the best treatment for semen quality.</span> </p> R. N. B. Athalla, C. D. Nugraha, Suyadi Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51052 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Physicochemical Properties, Antioxidant Activity and Organoleptic of Yogurt with The Addition of Red Dragon Fruit Juice (Hylocereus polyrhizus) https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51053 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Yogurt is dairy product with high nutritional content, is obtained by fermentation process on fresh milk or milk solution with lactic acid bacteria. Yoghurt has a sour taste, to increase the sourness, natural flavourings from fruit juice are added. Red dragon fruit (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Hylocereus polyrhizus</span><span class="fontstyle0">) is one of the<br>fruits that can be added to yogurt. Red dragon fruit (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Hylocereus polyrhizus</span><span class="fontstyle0">) is a fruit that contains antioxidants. The aim of this study was to determine the physicochemical characteristic, antioxidant activity and sensory properties of red dragon yogurt. The results showed that physical properties (pH,<br>A</span><span class="fontstyle0" style="font-size: 6pt;">w</span><span class="fontstyle0">, Viscosity and Total Titratable Acid) and chemical properties of ash content in red dragon yogurt has been accordance with SNI. The addition of red dragon fruit juice (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Hylocereus polyrhizus</span><span class="fontstyle0">) had significant affects (P&lt;0.05) on the pH value, protein content, sensory properties of aroma, color, and taste. However, the addition of red dragon fruit juice (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Hylocereus polyrhizus</span><span class="fontstyle0">) did not give significant affect (P&gt;0.05) to the Aw value, viscosity, total acid titration, ash content, color hedonic characteristics, texture, taste, texture hedonic quality characteristics. Yogurt with the concentration 10% of red dragon fruit juice had the best formulation compared to other concentration.</span> </p> S. F. Siregar, A. Apriantini, M. S. Soenarno Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51053 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Review: Nutritional Contents and Bioactive Compounds of Mealworm (Tenebrio molitor) as Edible Insect https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51054 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Mealworms (ulat hongkong) are larvae of the rice beetle (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Tenebrio molitor</span><span class="fontstyle0">) which are considered pests but are also known to have a high content of nutrition and bioactive compounds. These bioactive compounds include antioxidants, anti-inflammatory agents, antidiabetic substances, and antihypertensive components. This literature study aims to review works of literature on the nutritional content and bioactive compounds present in mealworms, as well as the factors that influence this composition. The data search method used keywords such as nutrient content, bioactive composition, and factors influencing mealworms, conducted in reputable journals published within the last 10 years. The results of the literature study indicate that mealworms have high and complete nutritional content. The nutritional content and bioactive compounds in mealworms were influenced by feed, extraction methods, hydrolysis processes, and processing methods used. Freeze drying and microwave drying were recommended processing methods to maintain the nutritional content of mealworms. The main bioactive compounds in mealworms that provide health benefits were the bioactive peptides, omega-3, oleic acid, and chitosan.</span> </p> I. Hanif, A. Apriantini, Y. C. Endrawati Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51054 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Utilization of Coconut Shell Liquid Smoke on Quail Performance at Grower Period https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51055 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Antioxidants from coconut shell liquid smoke can overcome oxidative stress in quail. This study aims to analyze the effect of coconut shell liquid smoke (ACTK) on the performance of quail (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Coturnix coturnix japonica</span><span class="fontstyle0">) during the grower period. The research method used a completely randomized design<br>consisting of 5 treatment levels with 3 replications, namely P0 (control), P1 (0.25 mL/L ACTK), P2 (0.50 mL/L ACTK), P3 (0.75 mL/L ACTK) and P4 (1 mL/L ACTK). Variables measured included initial body weight, final body weight, body weight gain, feed intake, water intake, feed conversion ratio (FCR),<br>morbidity, mortality, and income over feed quail cost (IOFQC). The results showed that giving ACTK had no significant effect (P&gt;0.05) on feed intake, water intake, and body weight gain. The morbidity and mortality rates in this study were 0%. The best FCR value was obtained at P4 (4.28). The highest IOFQC value was at P4 (Rp 1.578,92). This study concludes that giving coconut shell liquid smoke to female quails during the grower period through drinking water had no significant effect on feed intake, water intake, and body weight gain. A dose of 1 mL/L of ACTK produced the best FCR and IOFQC values.</span> </p> R. M. Fadhila, N. Ulupi, H. Maheshwari Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51055 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Production Performance of Eri Silkworm (Samia cynthia ricini) with Cassava Leaves Feed (Manihot utilissima) on Different Mountages Media https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51056 <p><span class="fontstyle0">Eri silkworm (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Samia cynthia ricini</span><span class="fontstyle0">) is a potential silk producing insect in Indonesia. This study aimed to analyze the production performance of the </span><span class="fontstyle2">S. c. ricini </span><span class="fontstyle0">silkworm with cassava leaves feed (</span><span class="fontstyle2">Manihot utilissima</span><span class="fontstyle0">) and their cocoon productivity that mounting on different mountages (wood and carton),<br>and also calculate the financial analysis. The silkworm was reared in altitude 176 m asl. Production performance observed were feed consumption (ingesta and digesta), larval productivity (length, breadth, and weight), and cocoon productivity (the effective rate of rearing and cocoon quality). Feed consumption and larval production were analyzed descriptively, the effective rate of rearing was compared using a t-test, cocoon quality was analyzed using a completely randomized design factorial 2 × 2 pattern. The first factor was sex and the second factor was mountages media that were used with three replications. Financial analysis was calculated using profit, R/C ratio, and BEP. The results showed the optimum consumption of cassava leaves during the study was 27.17 ± 2.39 g of feed ingestion and 19.15 ± 2.30 g of feed digestion. Mountages media did not significantly (P&gt;0.05) influence the effective rate of rearing and cocoon quality. Cocoon weight, pupal weight, and shell ratio was affected by cocoon sex. Financial analysis calculation result showed that wood mountages gives the best value, with the profit value was Rp 21.877.819/year, R/C ratio was 1.61, BEP of yarn was 5.67 kg, BEP of eggs was 110.10 box.</span> </p> S. Putra, A. M. Fuah, Y. C. Endrawati Copyright (c) 2023 https://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/ipthp/article/view/51056 Sun, 29 Oct 2023 00:00:00 +0700