Changes of Thymoquinone, Thymol, and Malondialdehyde Content of Black Cumin (Nigella sativa L.) in Response to Indonesia Tropical Altitude Variation

  • . Herlina Program Study of Agronomy and Horticulture, Post Graduate School, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor Faculty of Agriculture, University of Dehasen Bengkulu, Bengkulu
  • Sandra Arifin Aziz Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor
  • Ani Kurniawati Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor
  • Didah Nur Faridah Department of Food and Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Bogor
Keywords: black seed, MDA, microclimate, secondary metabolite

Abstract

Black cumin cultivated in many subtropical regions in the world, including Asia, Middle East, and North Africa. The most active constituent of black cumin is thymoquinone representing 18.4%–24% of the volatile oil and thymol. Data about thymoquinone and thymol came from the country of origin, but no data from tropical region. This study aimed to analyze the production of chlorophyll, thymoquinone, thymol, and malondialdehyde from black cumin cultivated at three altitudes of Indonesian tropical region. The result showed that Kuwait accession cultivated at middle altitude contains the highest levels of thymoquinone (2940.43 mg/kg), and the highest levels of thymol were found in India accession cultivated at high altitude (141.46 mg/kg). Data showed that the level of malondialdehyde at low (220 meter above sea level [masl]) and middle (560 masl) altitudes is higher than high (1.280 masl) altitude.

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Published
2018-03-26
Section
Articles