Vol. 6 No. 2 (2006): Buletin Ekonomi Perikanan
One of the water pollution sources at ciliwung river in Jakarta is domestic waste which from household who live in the long side ciliwung riverbank. The aim of the research are (1) to know characteristic of community who live in the long side ciliwung riverbank (2) to know the attitude of the community who live in the long side riverbank about waste disposal to the river, inpact of this and the program of clean river, (3) to know the community who live in the long side riverbank to carry out of disposal waste, (4) to know factors influence the attitude of the community who live in the long side riverbank factors to concem domestic waste (5) to know factors influence of the community who live in the long side riverbank to carry out of disposal waste (6) to know correlation between attitude with behave to carry out disposal waste The research used survey method and be analyzed with non parametric statistic.
The research show the following, (1) attitude of the community who live in the long side riverbank about waste disposal to the river is neutral but about inpact and program of dean river are positive, (2) the community who live in the long side riverbank behave negative in cflSpOSal waste, (3) factors influence the altitude of the community who live in the long side riverbank to concern domestic waste are:· age, legality status, and the distance between their hose with the river, (5) correlation between attitude with behave to carry out disposal waste is negative.
The existence of a tour object is affected by the amount of the incoming visitor. Sea World Indonesia as one of the wisata aquatik objects in Indonesia also has to be able to see visitors as a detennining factor and as a main priority. It means without the visitors, the existence of the tour object means nothing. Therefore the best service and the adequate medium in enjoying Sea World Indonesia deserve an attention from the company it self. This research is aimed to identify any kinds of attribute that satisfied the visitors, how big is the satisfaction level of the visitors and the priorities that must be conducted by the company. The research method used in this research is a case study with the visitors of Sea World of Indonesia as the set of the case and, the visitor's satisfaction level Sea World Indonesia as the object researched. The validity test and reliabilities test is done to see the validity and the reliability of the questioner as a main instrument of a data intake. Data analyze method used is Descriptive Analysis, Cochran Q Test Analysis, Importance and Pelformance Analysis. Result of the research showed that there are fourteen attributes that is capable to give satisfaction to the visitors which is; the diversity of the sea aquarium attritiute, the diversity of the freshwater aquarium, the main aquarium, the dugong aquarium, the touch pool, the nameplate of each species, the incoming ticket price, the sanitation of the location, the freshness of the location, the security of the location, the security officer, the toilet, the parking area and the access to the location, The incoming ticket price attribute, the divefsity of the freshwater aquarium and the parking area gives a low satisfaction. The attribute of sea aquarium diversity, the main aquarium, the species nameplate, the freshness of the location, the toilet and the access to the location showed medium satisfaction level The dugong aquarium attribute, the touch pool, the sanitation of the location, the security of the location and the security officer have given high satisfaction for the visitors of Sea World Indonesia.
The purpose of this rese8fCh were to know about fisheries commen;e condition at Batang Regency, especially at the target area of this program. And also analyze about income differences between fish sellers and fish processors who receives and unreceives funds donations from PEMP programs. This research was held at Kelurahan Proyonanggan Utara, Desa Klidang Lor, Batang District and Desa Ujung Negoro, Tulis District from December 2002 - February 2003. The method of this research was descriptive method which concern on a case study. The samples were obtained by proportional stratified random sampling. The stratification classified based on their commen;e scale were small, medium, and big scale. To analize data used Wilcoxon Sum Quadrate test with quare" test 0,05.' The result showed that the condition of fisheries commen;e at the target area of this programs have potency to enlarge. This based on fisheries total production data that increase from 2000- 2001 and much people in the target area who still depend their live from fisheries sector. Income of fish sellerslfish piocessors who receives and unreceives funds donations from PEMP programs at small scale showed that was totally different. At medium scale both of groups income's were not different. And also at the big scale gaven the same Iftsult with medium scale, it were not different.
Analisis Efisiensi Pemasaran Karang Hias di Pulau Panggang, Kabupaten Administrasi Kepulauan Seribu Marketing is one of the main interesting problem of karang hias (artifICial coral) business in Pulau Panggang. Some of artificial coral are gathered and then sole by fishennan to the collector who come to Pulau Panggang periodically. Among of species of artificial coral marketed from Pulau Panggang were called karang hias Jamur Mangkok, karang hias Babut Hijau, karang hias Pipa Salim and karang hias Nanas Mata. There are many marketing institutional involved in artificial coral marketing from Pulau Panggang. They have a big role to deliver karang hias from fISherman to the consumer. The aims of this research are : 1) to identify the pattern of karang hias marketing channel that occurred in Pulau Panggang, 2) to analyze marketing efficiency of karang hias in Pulau Panggang: include of market structure, market behavior and marketing margin. Result of this research showed that there are five patterns of marketing chamef in Pulau Panggang. Marketing instjutional that i!1volved in distribution of karang hias to the consumer consisted of fishermen, coIlector, merchant, exporter, and retailer. Market structured of karang hias tend to form imperfectly competition. Market behavior showed that in functional martfel activities fisherman have got a low price and low of fishermen's share. Market institutional of karang hias didn't get the spread of profit, cost of marketing was relatively high and marketing margin was also high enough. Those market structure,market behavior and marketing margin Rlcated that marketing of karang hias in Pulau Panggang, Kabupaten Administrasi Keputauan Semu was inefficient.
Compensation as appreciation for surrender and present all of employee wo/t(s result to belong to centre, divided to financial and non financial. Financial compensation among other things are direct financial, one of its insentive and indirect financial in formed subsidy. Looking for insentive characteristic which is to take directly between employees reward with prestation of work that they reach, therefore insentive giving would be motivating the employee to increase their prestation of works.
This research was conducted to analysis of insentive system which used by BPBILAPU Pangandaran, to identificate many factors which decided amount of insentive that employee get and to analysis the using·of insentive system which more efective based of merit system.
Spending too much operational costs are still become mainly problem in bisnis organization include PT DEF which move in Frozen Shrimp production. This is important for performing prevention act and reaction act to decrease this waste costs . The prevention act can be doing by performing HACCP (Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point) In production process. Reaction act can be done by performing SPC (Statistical Process Control) analyze methode.
Before performing HACCP, the bisnis units are must be complied by pre-requisite programs which is SSOP (Standard Sanitation Operating Procedure) and GMP (Good Manufacturing Peractices). SPC analyze performed by problem identification, Pareto Diagram, Fishbone Diagram, and Control Chart Diagram. Calculating waste costs production performed after performing HACCP and performing SPC.
The result of the study showed that HACCP at PT DEF has B level. Also error indicate in packing and labeling. Total loss of error is Rp. 12500 and loss of time was 75 minutes In 171 prodUction turnover.
Migration is a strategy choosen by fishermen as a way out from their poverty: Many fishermen live in Muara Angke come from outside Jakarta. The objectives of the research are to identify characteristic of fisherman who migrate to Muara Angke and factors influence the fisherman to migrate to Muara Angke. The method use in this research is a case study and analyzed by descriptive and non parametric statistic. The research showed that push migration factor was decreasing of fish yield caused by over fishing which bring iI.,.,act to deaeasing as their income. And the pull migration factors were so many work opportunities, bustling town, and the many facilities could be accessed by them including fish marketing matter in destination area.
Produksi perikanan di dunia sebesar 50% berasal dari perikanan budidaya dan kira-kira 98% diantaranya dihasilkan di Asia termasuk Indonesia. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk rnelihat gambaran umum dari budidaya ikan mas dan pennasalahannya di Indonesia. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey dan menggunakan data statistik tahunan dan data primer.
Budidaya ikan mas di Indonesia biasanya dilakukan di kolam, keramba dan sawah. Jenis ikan mas lokal di Indonesia adalah Sinyonya, Cumpai, Ksnaadomss, Punten, dan MSjslsya, sedangkan ikan mas yang berasal dari hasil silangan yaitu Kuningan, Sutisna,Rsjsdanu. Kedua jenis hasil silangan ini diintroduksi di Jawa Barat dan Nusa Tenggara Barat.
Masalah utama yang dialami dalam budidaya ikan mas di Indonesia adalah tingkat produksi yang masih rendah. yang disebabkan oleh input teknologi pakan. dan kualitas yang rendah sebagai akibat penurunan kualitas lingkungan. Masalah yang lain adalsh halga berfluktuasi harga yang diterima oleh pembudidaya yang rendah. keterbatasa infrastruktur pasar dan kurangnya dukungan dari lembaga keuangan.