Penanganan Distokia dengan Sectio Caesarea pada Anoa Dataran Rendah (Bubalus depressicornis)
Dystocia is a prolonged parturition that can occur in animals and requires treatment by veterinarian. It is generally caused by disorders or abnormalities in the main factors of parturition such as contraction (power), birth canal (passageway), and fetus condition (passenger). An eight-year-old anoa at the Anoa Breeding Centre Manado showed signs of dystocia in July 2021. The gestational age was 310 days and the anoa had no previous history of parturition. Anoa showed symptoms of decreased body temperature along with anorexia since the previous day. The process of parturition is characterized by abdominal contraction, polyuria, and the increasing frequency of bloody vaginal discharge. After five hours, the parturition process is considered non-progressive and the dam stopped pushing. The dam was then physically restrained to isolation area. The results of intravaginal palpation indicated flexion of both fetal forelimbs (bilateral carpal flexion) and the fetal size is too large for the maternal pelvis (fetopelvic disporportion). Caesarean section was taken with a combination of general and local anesthesia. The incision is made on the left flank vertically. The postoperative therapy given was antibiotic, anti-inflammatory, hematopoietic, supplement, anti-hemorrhagic, and oxytocin hormone. Anoa showed recovery two weeks after surgery with fully healed stitches, without suture removal. The dam's estrous cycle was observed back to normal two months postpartum, thus allowing for the next mating.
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