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Aktivitas Antibakteri dan Analisis Fitokimia Ekstrak Metanol dari Daun Paku Sarang Burung (Asplenium nidus)

  • Risky Hadi Wibowo Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122
  • Redo Setiawan Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122
  • Welly Darwis Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122
  • Sipriyadi Sipriyadi Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122
  • Rochmah Supriati Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122
  • Alfredi Anis Fadhila Ginting Sinisuka Jurusan Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Bengkulu, Jl. W.R.Supratman, Kandang Limun, Bengkulu 38122

Abstract

Infectious diseases caused by microbes are increasing; the growth of microbes can be inhibited by using antibiotics. Continuous and inappropriate use of antibiotics causes microbes to become resistant. The resistance can be reduced by finding new sources of antibiotics, one of which is from the bird nest fern (Asplenium nidus). This study aimed to determine the potency and concentration of A. Nidus extract in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538, Escherichia coli ATCC 8739, Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 15442, and Bacillus subtilis ATCC 19659. The extract was prepared using the maceration method with methanol as the solvent. Phytochemical tests include alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, saponins, phenolics, tannins, and quinones. The minimum inhibitory concentration test was carried out on 12 treatments with three replications; the antimicrobial effectiveness test was carried out on seven treatments with five replications using the disc diffusion method. Phytochemical test results showed A. Nidus contains flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and phenolics. A. nidus extract has the potential to inhibit the growth of the testing pathogenic bacteria, with the most effective concentration on P. aeruginosa of 45% with an inhibitory zone was about 14,16 mm, on E. Coli started of 55% with an inhibitory zone was about 13,68 mm, on B. Subtilis of 65% with an inhibitory zone was about 14,80 mm and S. aureus was 75% with an inhibitory zone of 11,96 mm.

 

Keywords: antibiotics, Asplenium nidus, Infectious disease

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Published
2022-04-14
How to Cite
WibowoR. H., SetiawanR., DarwisW., SipriyadiS., SupriatiR., & Ginting SinisukaA. A. F. (2022). Aktivitas Antibakteri dan Analisis Fitokimia Ekstrak Metanol dari Daun Paku Sarang Burung (Asplenium nidus). Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 27(2), 295-301. https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.27.2.295