PREPARATION OF LIQUID HIDROCARBON FUEL BY CRACKING

  • Agus Sundaryono dan Budiyanto

Abstract

 ABSTRACT

 

The objective of the study was to evaluate the utilization of two types of zeolite catalists to produce liquid hidrocarbon fuel from oil fraction of palm oil mill effluent (POME).  The oil fractions of POME  were converted into metil ester prior to be cracked using bifunctional catalist of zeolite.  Esterification of the oil was done by using  H2SO4  at  60 oC for two hours and transesterification of it by using NaOH at  55  oC.  The product methtyl ester of the POME was  cracked with zeolit catalists Cr-H-ZA (25:1) and Ni-H-ZA.  The result had indicated that zeolit catalist Cr-H-ZA could yield liquid hidrocarbon that containing fraction of gasoline fuel better than zeolite catalist Ni-H-ZA. The product liquid hidrocarbon had kinematic viscosity of 0.8329 cSt and had similar properties of gasoline fuel. 

Keywords:  catalitic craking, liquid hidrocarbon fuel, methylester, POME

Author Biography

Agus Sundaryono dan Budiyanto

Dep. Teknologi industri Pertanian