PERAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN INTERAKSI IBU-ANAK DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN SUBJEKTIF REMAJA PADA KELUARGA ORANG TUA BEKERJA

  • Retno Wijayanti IPB University
  • Euis Sunarti IPB University
  • Diah Krisnatuti IPB University
Keywords: dukungan sosial, interaksi ibu-anak, keluarga, kesejahteraan subjektif remaja, orang tua bekerja

Abstract

Tingkat kesejahteraan subjektif remaja dapat digunakan untuk mengidentifikasi masalah remaja sejak dini dan membuat tindakan preventif agar terbentuk remaja yang berkualitas. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pengaruh karakteristik remaja, karakteristik keluarga, dukungan sosial, dan interaksi ibu-anak terhadap kesejahteraan subjektif remaja pada keluarga orang tua bekerja. Tempat penelitian dipilih secara purposive, yaitu Kota Depok dan desain yang digunakan adalah cross sectional study. Responden peneilitian, yaitu remaja berusia 12-18 tahun dari keluarga utuh dengan orang tua bekerja, berjumlah 120 terdiri atas 61 laki-laki dan 59 perempuan. Penarikan responden menggunakan metode disproportional stratified random sampling di lima SMP dan SMA di Kecamatan Sukmajaya, Kota Depok. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui self-report menggunakan kuesioner. Dukungan sosial terdiri dari dukungan instrumental, informasi, interaksi social, dan harga diri. Hasil uji beda menunjukkan bahwa dukungan sosial dimensi instrumental pada responden perempuan dan laki-laki memiliki perbedaan signifikan, sedangkan pada interaksi ibu-anak dan kesejahteraan subjektif remaja tidak ada perbedaan signifikan. Hasil uji PLS menunjukkan bahwa dukungan sosial dan interaksi ibu-anak berpengaruh langsung terhadap kesejahteraan subjektif remaja. Untuk itu orang tua hendaknya menyiapkan dukungan sosial yang sesuai bagi remaja dan membangun interaksi yang baik dengan anak diantara kesibukannya bekerja.

Author Biographies

Retno Wijayanti, IPB University

Program Studi Ilmu Keluarga dan Perkembangan Anak, Sekolah Pascasarjana, IPB University, Terakreditasi A

Euis Sunarti, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Terakreditasi A

Diah Krisnatuti, IPB University

Departemen Ilmu Keluarga dan Konsumen, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, IPB University, Terakreditasi A

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Published
2020-05-01
How to Cite
Wijayanti, R., Sunarti, E., & Krisnatuti, D. (2020). PERAN DUKUNGAN SOSIAL DAN INTERAKSI IBU-ANAK DALAM MENINGKATKAN KESEJAHTERAAN SUBJEKTIF REMAJA PADA KELUARGA ORANG TUA BEKERJA. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 13(2), 125-136. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2020.13.2.125