Pendidikan Konsumen Generasi Y: Pengaruh Ethnosentrisme, Hedonisme, dan Kelompok Acuan terhadap Preferensi dan Perilaku Pembelian Buah Lokal

  • Putri Claristha Violetta Bogor Agricultural University
  • Hartoyo Hartoyo Bogor Agricultural University
  • Nimmi Zulbainarni Bogor Agricultural University
Keywords: ethnocentrism, generation Y, hedonism, purchasing behaviour, reference groups

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to examine the influence of ethnocentrism, hedonism, and reference groups to the preferences and purchasing behaviour of local fruit by generation Y. This research is a descriptive research with survey method using questionnaire. The sampling of this research used non-probability sampling and the number of respondents was 200 students from School of Business and Faculty of Economic and Management Bogor Agricultural University that was divided proportionally based on the sample fraction according to the population of each department at the Faculty. The data analysis used Structural Equation Modelling (SEM). The result showed that ethnocentrism had positively significant influence and hedonism had negatively significant influence on generation Y’s preference, consumer preferences had positively significant influence and hedonism had negatively significant influence on generation Y’s purchasing behaviour of local fruit. Reference group had positively but not significant influence on generation Y’s preference and purchasing behaviour of local fruit. Generation Y’s preference and purchasing behaviour of local fruits can be improved by increasing the ethnocentirsm and decreasing the hedonism of generation Y consumer.

Author Biographies

Putri Claristha Violetta, Bogor Agricultural University
sarjana (S1) Matematika, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam IPB (2015). Saat ini melanjutkan studi di bidang Manajemen dan Bisnis, Sekolah Bisnis Institut Pertanian Bogor dari tahun 2016.
Hartoyo Hartoyo, Bogor Agricultural University
sarjana (S1) IPB bidang Agribisnis (1986), program magister (S2) dari Virginia Tech, USA bidang consumer sciences (1991) dan program doktor (S3) dari Virginia Tech, USA bidang family economics (1998). Dosen Sekolah Bisnis, Institut Pertanian Bogor.
Nimmi Zulbainarni, Bogor Agricultural University
Sarjana Sosial Ekonomi Perikanan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB (1997). Program Master Studi Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian (EPN) IPB (2002). Mengikuti Program Beasiswa Non-Gelar Pertukaran Mahasiswa Jangka Pendek pada tahun 2003 di Universitas Kagoshima, Jepang. Doktor Program Studi Ilmu Ekonomi Pertanian. Dosen Sekolah Bisnis, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Published
2018-05-31
How to Cite
Violetta, P. C., Hartoyo, H., & Zulbainarni, N. (2018). Pendidikan Konsumen Generasi Y: Pengaruh Ethnosentrisme, Hedonisme, dan Kelompok Acuan terhadap Preferensi dan Perilaku Pembelian Buah Lokal. Jurnal Ilmu Keluarga & Konsumen, 11(2), 120-132. https://doi.org/10.24156/jikk.2018.11.2.120