Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan <p align="justify"><img src="/public/site/images/admingizipangan/COVER_LUAR_JGP-_Juli_2017-931.jpg" alt="" width="178" height="211" align="left"><strong>Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan </strong>-in english translate to Journal of Nutrition and Food-&nbsp;is the official publication of The Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia in collaboration with the Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology (FEMA), Bogor Agricultural University. This journal focuses its’ main research in the fields of nutrition and food. Scientific peer-reviewed articles are published routine, three times per year on March, July and November. According to the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education Decree Number 12/M/Kp/II/2015, the Journal of Nutrition and Food is&nbsp;<a href="https://drive.google.com/file/d/0BzgZ-1oM5jwVQzgxSi1LMEZ3Sm8/view" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>ACCREDITED</strong></a>&nbsp;since February 11th 2015 (including the issue number submitted in the accreditation process starting from&nbsp;Volume 7, Number 2, July 2012).</p> <p align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan&nbsp;has been indexed in&nbsp;<strong>Clarivate Analytics products (Emerging Sources Citation Index), DOAJ, Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Indonesian Publication Index (IPI),&nbsp;</strong><strong>Google Scholar,&nbsp;</strong>and other scientific databases.&nbsp;The Journal&nbsp;also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p align="justify">The Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan has a competent Board of Editors in the fields of nutritional and food sciences. The board consists of a variety of institutions related in food and nutrition. This Journal is managed with high commitment despite the number of challenges that are faced. The Editorial team welcomes lecturers, researchers and other scientists to publish their scientific articles here in Journal of Nutrition and Food.</p> <p align="justify"><a href="http://issn.pdii.lipi.go.id/issn.cgi?daftar&amp;1180425503&amp;1&amp;&amp;">P-ISSN: 1978-1059&nbsp;</a> &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;<a href="http://u.lipi.go.id/1414463903">E-ISSN: 2407-0920</a></p> Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia en-US Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan 1978-1059 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following this term:</p> <p>Authors submitting manuscripts should understand and agree that copyright of manuscripts of the article shall be assigned/transferred to Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan. The statement to release the copyright to Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan&nbsp;is stated in Authors Statement Letter. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA) where Authors and Readers can copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, as well as remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, but they must give appropriate credit (cite to the article or content), provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the same license as the original.</p> Assessing the Prevalence of Dyslipidemia in Apparently Healthy Urban Obese Adults Residing in South Delhi, India http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/29810 <p>The present research study was conducted to assess the prevalence and pattern of dyslipidemia in apparently healthy urban obese adults residing in South Delhi. Dyslipidemia and obesity are two prominent contributing risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 150 apparently healthy obese adults with a body mass index of ≥25 kg/m2. Data regarding the socio-demographic characteristics as well as anthropometric parameters were collected. To evaluate serum lipid levels fasting blood samples were collected by trained technicians and analysis was carried out in a certified laboratory. Dyslipidemia was defined as the presence of hypercholesterolemia, high levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and /or lower concentration of high-density lipoprotein (HDL), present alone or in combination. The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia was noted to be 78%. The prevalence was observed to be much higher in the obese female subjects (81.43%) than the obese males (75%). Mean triglycerides levels were significantly higher in the obese men than females while, HDL–C levels were higher in the female subjects (p&lt;0.05). Further, it was seen that low concentration of HDL was the most prevailing deranged lipid parameter (52.67%) followed by elevated triglycerides levels (49.33%) and elevated LDL levels (39.33%) in these obese adults. The study thus highlights the importance of regular and timely screening for apparently healthy populations. Advocating suitable and timely medical and dietary interventions can help in both monitoring and avoiding further health-related complications.</p> Harmeet Kaur Bani Tamber Aeri Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 63 70 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.63-70 Prevalence and Determinants for Hypertension among Rural Women of Reproductive Age in Indonesia http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/28544 <p>This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and determinants of hypertension in rural women of reproductive age. The cross-sectional study was conducted in Cianjur district on August 2019. It involved 193 married rural women aged 20–49 years old. Independent variables investigated were socio-economic characteristics, anthropometry, fat distribution and nutrient intake. The prevalence of hypertension in the study population using the new American Guideline (ACC/AHA) was 58% in contrast to 23.8% using the European (ESC/ESH) cut offs. Socioeconomic characteristics and nutrient intake showed no significant association with hypertension (p&gt;0.05) while, Body Mass Index (BMI) (p&gt;0.012), Visceral Fat (VF) (p&gt;0.013) and Waist Circumference (WC) (p&gt;0.010) were significantly associated with hypertension. Hence, result of binary logistic regression showed waist circumference is the strongest factor to determine hypertension in our study (OR=2.2; 95% CI: 1.20–4.01). Overall, the use of the American guideline increases the sensitivity of hypertension screening. The use of simple anthropometry measurement of WC combined with BMI can be applied for risk screening of hypertension in the primary health care setting including in the integrated community health post to improve preventive measure. Due to several limitations in the current study, future study should consider larger sample size and addresses history of hormonal contraceptive use as well as physical activity</p> dr. Yessi Crosita Octaria, MIH Ali Khomsan Ikeu Tanziha Dadang Sukandar Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 71 80 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.71-80 Prevalence of Masked Obesity Associated with Lifestyle-Related Habits, Dietary Habits, and Energy Metabolism in Japanese Young Women http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/29870 <p>We investigated the prevalence of Masked Obesity (MO) and the correlations between MO and lifestylerelated habits (e.g., exercise habits, dieting habits), dietary habits, energy metabolism, and seasons. The subjects were 131 young Japanese college students. Body composition was measured by bioelectrical impedance method and Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR) was measured by an indirect calorimeter. Subjects with a BMI in the normal range (n=110) were divided into the MO (percentage of body fat to Body Weight [BF]≥30%) and control (C) (BF&lt;30%) groups. Dietary energy and nutrient intakes were calculated from weighed dietary records. A questionnaire on lifestyle habits was obtained individually from the subjects. The percentage of MO was 32% of subjects within normal BMI. The prevalence of MO was the highest in winter, probably due to accumulation of body fat as an adaptation to cold. The MO group had low Fat-Free Mass (FFM) and high BF. RMR of the MO group was significantly lower than that of the C group. The MO group tended to have poor exercise habits, more dieting (restricting calorie intake) experiences and consumed a diet with less vegetables and beans. We concluded that the prevalence of MO was 32%; it was the highest in winter for subjects who had high fat and low FFM. This fact may be due to poor exercise, more dieting experiences and insufficient intake of vegetables and beans. Furthermore, this accumulation of body fat may be partly due to low RMR.</p> Noriko Tanaka Toyoko Okuda Hisae Shinohara Naomi Hirano Yuko Higashine Ikue Hamaguchi Jangmi Kang Yasuyo Asano Mami Umemoto Mitsue Sakakihira Nao Nishioka Kazue Komorizono Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 81 90 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.81-90 Socioeconomic Characteristics, Nutritional Status, Health Status, and Quality of Life among Tea Plantation Workers in Pangalengan, West Java, Indonesia http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/17300 <p>This cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the association between socioeconomic characteristics, nutritional status, anemia status and health status with the quality of life of tea pickers in Pangalengan, West Java, Indonesia. Subjects were 116 women of childbearing age (15–49) years. Anemia status data (hemoglobin levels) were taken using HemoCue Hb 201+, while nutritional status data were collected through anthropometric measurements (weight and height). Quality of life data was collected using the Short Form-36 (SF-36) questionnaire consisting of the Physical Component Summary (PCS) score and Mental Component Summary (MCS) score. PCS consists of physical function, physical role, pain, and general health dimensions. MCS consists of vitality, social functions, the role of emotions, and mental health. Data were analyzed using a Spearman correlation test, Pearson correlation test, and logistic regression test. The results showed that there was no significant relationship between anemia status and nutritional status with quality of life (p&gt;0.05). However, non-anemic subjects tend to have higher PCS and MCS scores than anemic subjects. There was a positive relationship between Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) with MCS in terms of social function dimensions, and joint pain with MCS in the emotional role dimension (p&lt;0.05). The variables related to the quality of life were the number of family members and expenditures. Subjects with large family size (≥4 people) had a 3.5 times risk for experiencing lower quality of life compared with subjects with smaller family (&lt;4 people) (OR=3.52; 95% CI:1.23–10.05). Subjects with monthly expense of &gt;Rp. 343,646 had lower risk of experiencing low quality of life 59.7% compared to subjects who had household an expense of &lt;Rp. 343,646 (OR=0.403; 95% CI:0.17–0.96).</p> Amalina Ratih Puspa Faisal Anwar Ali Khomsan Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 91 100 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.91-100 Breastfeeding Practices among Mothers at Birth and at 6 Months in Urban Areas of Delhi-Ncr, India http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/29815 <p>The objective of the present was to potray the breastfeeding practices followed by breastfeeding mothers, at birth and at 6 months, in urban areas of Delhi-National Capital Region. For this, 185 dyads of motherinfant aged 6 months were selected from Pediatric Outpatient Department of a government and a private hospital. A questionnaire-cum-interview was designed to collect the participants’ information on breastfeeding practices. It was found that only 29.7% infants had early initiation of breastfeeding despite the high (78.9%) institutional deliveries. Around 40.5% infants were given feeds apart from breast milk, mainly infant formula (81.3%) at the hospital after birth. There were 13% infants who received pre-lacteal feeds, mainly as a traditional family custom. The practice of exclusive breastfeeding for first six months was followed by 62.2% mothers. Complementary feeding or top feeding was received by 71.9% infants, but only 45.1% mothers initiated complementary foods at the recommended age of 6 months. It can be concluded that in the urban areas of India breastfeeding practices remains poor even after rigorous work done for promotion and protection of breastfeeding. Hence strong institutional care and support for breastfeeding is required at birth and efficient counseling for appropriate feeding of the infant is needed to intensify breastfeeding.</p> Urvashi Mehlawat Seema Puri Tejmeet Kaur Rekhi Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 101 108 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.101-108 In-Vitro Alpha Amylase Inhibition and Antioxidant Activities of Leaves Extract of Sundanese Traditional Salad (Lalapan) from Indonesia http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/26548 <p>This research aims to evaluate the α-amylase inhibitory activity and antioxidant potential of leaves extract of Gandaria (Bouea macrophylla Griff.), Basil (Ocimum africanum Lour.), Pohpohan (Pilea melastomoides (Poir.) Wedd.), and Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) as common vegetables used in Sundanese traditional salad. Extraction methods used were traditional and maceration methods. Phytochemical screening was used to determine the phytochemical component qualitatively. Quantitative estimation of phenols (Folin-Ciocalteu method), flavonoids (AlCl3 colorimetric assay), total antioxidant activity along with free radical scavenging activity (DPPH) was also carried out. Soluble starch was used as substrate for analysis of α-amylase inhibitory activity, which is calculated by IC50 value. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of phytochemical constituents like flavonoids, tannins, saponins, and polyphenols compound in both extraction methods. The results showed that the value of Total Phenolic Content (TPC), Total Flavonoid Content (TFC), antioxidant activity, and α-amylase inhibitory in both extraction were significantly different for each leaves extracts (p&lt;0.05). The gandaria leaves extracted with maceration method had the highest value among the leaves analysed. The value of TPC, TFC, antioxidant activity were 364.56±65.97 mg Gallic Acid Equivalent (GAE)/g extract, 70.2±10.54 mg Quercetin (QE)/g extract, and 35 µg/ml of IC50, respectively. The extract of gandaria maceration leaves exhibited significant α-amylase inhibitory activity with an IC50 value of 60 µg/ml. Various pharmacologically active compounds were found in the local vegetables, thus they can be rich sources of antioxidants and α-amylase inhibitor activity. Hence, could be developed as vegetables based functional food products.</p> Leny Eka Tyas Wahyuni Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Budi Setiawan Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 109 118 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.109-118 Fecal Lipid Content, Serum Lipid Profile, and Intra-Abdominal Fat Accumulation in Normal Rats Supplemented with Rice Bran Oil http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/jgizipangan/article/view/24243 <p>This study aimed to investigate the mechanism of rice bran oil on altering lipid absorption and blood lipid level in normal rat. Male Sprague Dawley rat age 3 months old, weighted 250–300 g were grouped into three groups: control (aquabidest 1 ml), orlistat (2.16 mg / 200 g body weight), and rice bran oil (1.04 mg γ-oryzanol / 200 g body weight). The intervention was given through oral gavage, daily for 28 days. Indicators observed were growth performance, total cholesterol and serum triglyceride levels, lipid levels in feces, and accumulation of intra-abdominal fat. The results showed that the treatment did not significantly affect body weight gain. Fecal lipid levels of orlistat, rice bran oil and control group respectively were 0.19g; 0.17g and 0.13 g (p&lt;0.05), while the percentage of indigestible lipids for orlistat, control and rice bran oil group were 26%, 17% and 13% respectively (p&lt;0.05). Total cholesterol and serum triglyceride levels in rice bran oil group were significantly lower than controls. Rice bran oil did not significantly affect the percentage of total intra-abdominal fat and the weight of the heart and kidney (p&gt;0.05). The intervention of rice bran oil was shown to reduce blood cholesterol and triglyceride levels in normal mice and did not accumulate intra-abdominal fat. The results suggest that rice bran oil might have an effect on blood lipid regulation but not by preventing lipid absorption.</p> Hana Fitria Navratilova Evy Damayanthi Romadhony Ardiansyah Intan Nur Fitriyana Retno Damayanti Soejoedono Maggy Thenawidjaja Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-07-30 2020-07-30 15 2 119 124 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.2.119-124