PENGEMBANGAN SUMBER BENIH MINDI (Melia azedarach) UNTUK HUTAN RAKYAT DI JAWA BARAT

Prijanto Pamoengkas, Iskandar Z. Siregar, Nurheni Wijayanto, . Yulianti, Dida Syamsuwida

Abstract


Melia azedarach is mostly found in community forests in West Java. One of the factors that affect forest productivity is high quality seed, but seed quality is not easily obtained by farmers. The general objective research is to provide good quality seeds of Mindi. Specific objectives are: 1) Determine the potential and the distribution of genetic resources of Mindi); 2) Determine the reproductive system; 3) ) improve  seed technology  to develop the seed viability of mindi, and 4) Build the collaborative management of mindi seed source by farmer. Seven  populations of mindi plantation in the community forests were chosen for this research. The study was conducted over three years (2009-2011). Biophysical condition such as  soil, light, temperature, altitude and humidity affect growth, flowering, fertilization and fruit production of mindi. The flowering cycle was proceeded for 6-7 months. The average value of reproductive success (KR) is 58%. The genetic variation of mindi in community forests in West Java was He = 0.1603-0.1956. The thickness of the seed coat, the high  content of lignin and ABA is create a difficulty in seed germination. Prospective populations to be developed for seed sources were proposed namely Sumedang, Wanayasa and Talegong. 


Keywords


Community forest; genetic variation; Melia azedarach; seed source

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aminah A, Syamsuwida D, Muharam A. 2008. Perkembangan Pembungaan dan Pembuahan Mindi (Melia azedarch Linn.). Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Balai Penelitian Teknologi Perbenihan. Bogor.

Dillon NL, Ian SEB, Wright CL, Hucks L, Innes DJ, Dietzgen RG. 2013. Genetic diversity ot the Australian National Mango Genebank. J Scientia Horticulturae. 150:213-226.

Finkeldey R . 2005. Pengantar Genetika Hutan Tropis. Djamhuri, E; I.Z Siregar; U.J Siregar dan A.W Kertadikara (Alih bahasa). Institute of Forest Genetics and Forest Tree Breeding, Gottingen. Fakultas Kehutanan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Goetze M, Louzada RB, Wanderley MGL, Souza LM, Bered F, Silva CP. 2012. Development of microsatellite marker for genetic diversity analysis of Aechmea caudate (Bromeliaceae) and cross-species amplification in other bromeliads. J Biochemical Systematics and Eology. 48:194-198.

Gurcan K, Mehlenbacher SA, Botta R, Boccacci P. 2010. Development, characterization, segregation, and mapping of microsatellite markers for European hazelnut (Corylus avellana) from enriched genomic libraries and usefulness in genetic diversity studies. J Tree Genetics & Genomes. 6:513-531. doi: 10.1007/s11295-010-0269-y

Lemes MR, Esashika T, Gaoue OG. 2011. Microsatellite for mahagonies: twelve new loci for Swietenia macrophylla and its high transferability to Khaya senegalensis. American Journal of Botani. 5:207-209. doi: 10.3732/ajb.1100074

Mantello CC, Suzuki FI, Souza LM, Goncalves PS, Souza AP. 2012. Microsatellite marke development for the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis): characterization and cross-amplification in wild Hevea species. BMC Research Notes. 5:329-336.

Mulawarman, Roshetko JM, Sasongko SM, Irianto D. 2002. Pengelolaan Benih Pohon, Sumber Benih, Pengumpulan dan Penanganan Benih: Pedoman Lapang untuk Petugas Lapang dan Petani. Bogor: International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF) dan Winrock International.

Ng KKS, Lee SL, Ueno S. 2009. Impact of selective logging on genetic diversity of two tropical tree species with contrasting breeding system using direct comparison and simulation methods. J Forest Ecology and Managemet. 257:107-116.

Yulianti, Siregar IZ, Wijayanto N, Darma IGKT, Syamsuwida D. 2011. Genetic Variation of Melia azedarach in community forests of West Java assessed by RAPD. J Biodiversitas 12 (2): 64-69.

Zalapa JE, Cuevas H, Zhu H, Steffan S, Senalik D, Zeldin E, McCown, Harbut R, Simon P. 2012. Using next-generation sequencing approaches to isolate simple sequence repeat (SSR) loci in the plant sciences. American Journal of Botani. 99(2):193-208. doi:10.3732/ajb.1100394.




View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id