Penggunaan beluntas, vitamin C dan E sebagai antioksidan untuk menurunkan off-odor (25%) daging itik alabio dan Citaheup

. Rukmiasih, Peni S Hardjosworo, Pius Pertumpuan Ketaren, Procula R Matitaputty

Abstract


Meat consumption of Indonesian society is not limited to the beef and chicken. Meat ducks are now starting to become popular and food products that are brilliant prospects. Sources of duck meat usually from male and female ducks dismissed that as a result of low-quality meat. The purpose of this study is looking at providing beluntas, vitamin c and e on the effectiveness of local men ducks. In the present study utilized two strain Cihateup male duck and Alabio male duck, each of which consists of three repeats with four treatment of forages, namely: 1. KO (control), 2. Beluntas commercial feed + 0.5% (KB), 3. Beluntas commercial feed + 0.5% + vitamint c 250 mg/kg (KBC), 4. Beluntas commercial feed+ 0.5% + vitamint e 400 IU/kg/dose (KBE). Design made of CRD. The results showed that the feed treatment (KB, KBC, KBE) has no effect on feed intake, feed conversion, final weight, body weight gain, weight cut, the percentage of carcasses and carcass parts percentage Alabio duck, but duck feed Cihateup treatment (KBE) significant effect on final weight, percentage body weight gain and carcass parts of the chest compared with treatment C, KB and KBC. The use of leaf starch levels beluntas 0.5°/o yield better feed conversion. Wheat leaf beluntas as much as 0.5% + Vitamint E in the diet, is able to maintain good performance with the ducks.


Keywords


Alabio duck; cihateup duck; wheat leaf beluntas; vita mint C; vitamint E

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achyad, D.E., Rasyidah R. 2000. Beluntas (Pluchea Indica Less.) PT. Asiamaya Dotcom.Indonesia. http://www.asiamaya.com/jamu/isi/beluntas_plucheaindicaless. htm [27 April 2004].

Andarwulan, N., R. Batari, D.A. Sandrasari, H. Wijaya. 2008. Identifikasi senyawa flavonoid dan kapasitas antioksidannya pada ekstrak sayuran indigenous Jawa Barat. Makalah Seminar pada “Half Day Seminar on Natural Antioxidants: Chemistry, Biochemistry and Technology”, Biopharmaca Research Center-SEAFAST Center IPB, Bogor, 16 September 2008.

[BPS] Peternakan. 2007. Buku Statistik Peternakan. Direktorat Jenderal Bina Produksi Peternakan. Departemen Pertanian RI.

Cadenas, E. 2004. Flavonoid. Review article. http://www.antioxidantes.com.ar/12/Ref 00019.htm. 6 Mei 2004.

Cadi Group. 1997. Medical Information. http://www.itnw.roma.it/cadigroup/infoe. html. 17 April 2004.

Dalimartha, S. 1999. Beluntas (Pluchea Indica L. Less). Atlas Tumbuhan Obat Indonesia. Jilid 1. Trubus Agriwidiya. Jakarta. Beluntas/Pusat data & Informasi Persi News. htm. pdpersi.co.id [14 Oktober 2002].

Febriana, D. 2006. Sifat Organoleptik Daging dan Sosis dari Itik yang Mendapat Tepung Daun Beluntas (Pluchea indica L) dalam Pakan [skripsi]. Institut Pertanian Bogor; Fakultas Peternakan. Bogor.

Gunawan, A. 2006. Pengaruh penambahan daun beluntas dalam pakan terhadap performa itik jantan.[skripsi]. Fakultas Peternakan, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Hustiany, R. 2001. Identifikasi dan karakterisasi komponen off-odor pada daging itik. Skripsi. Fakultas Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Kondakova, V et al. 2009. Review. Phenol compounds - qualitative index in small fruits. Biotechnol. & Biotechnol. Eq. 23(4): 1444-1448. doi: 10.2478/V10133-009-0024-4. 13 Mei 2010.

Metzler, D.E. 1977. Biochemistry The Chemical Reactions of Living Cells. International Edition. Academic Press INC. London.

Enser, M. 1999. Nutritional Effects on Meat Flavour and Stability. In: Poultry Meat Science, Richardson, R.I and G.C. Mead editor. Volume 25, Oxfordshire, England, hal. 197-215.

Moskaug, J.Ø, H. Carlsen, M.C.W. Myhrstad, R. Blomhoff. 2005. Polyphenols and glutathione synthesis regulation. Am J Clin Nutr Supl 81:277– 283.

Niki E, N. Nuguchi, H. Tsuchihasshi, N. Gotoh. 1995. Interaction among vitamin C, vitamin E, and β-carotene. Am J Clin Nutr Supl 62 : 1322S – 1326S.

Randa, S. Y. 2007. Bau daging dan performa itik akibat pengaruh perbedaan galur dan jenis lemak serta serta kombinasi komposisi antioksidan (vitamin A, C dan E) dalam pakan. Disertasi. Fakultas Pascasarjana. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Rukmiasih, A. S. Tjakradidjaja, Sumiati, & H. Huminto. 2008. Dampak penggunaan beluntas dalam upaya menurunkan kadar lemak daging terhadap produksi dan kadar lemak telur itik lokal. Laporan Penelitian Hibah Bersaing. Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat. Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor.

Schewe, T. and H. Sies. 2003. Flavonoids as protectants against prooxidant enzyme. http://www.uni-duesseldorf.de/www/MedFak/PhysiolChem/index.html. 18 September 2008.

Sies, H. and W. Stahl. 1995. Vitamin E and C, β-karotin. And other carotenoids as antioksidants. Am J Clin Nutr Supl 62: 1315S- 1321S

Steel, R.G.D dan J.H.Torrie. 1993. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistik Suatu Pendekatan Biometrik. (Principles and Procedures of Statistics, terjemahan Ir, Bambang Sumantri) Cetakan ke-3, PT. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Widyawati, P.S. 2004. Aktivitas antioksidan tanaman herba (kemangi/Ocimum basilicum Linn dan beluntas/Pluchea indica Less dalam system model asam linolenat. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Katolik. Widya Mandala Surabaya. Ringkasan penelitian.




View JIPI Stats

 

   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id