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Studi agrobiofisik kamandrah (croton tiglium L.) dan penentuan potensi awal kamandrah sebagai larvasida hayati pencegah penyakit demam berdarah dengue

  • Dyah Iswantini
  • Rosihan Rosman
  • Upik Kesumawati
  • Djumali Mangunwidjaja
  • Min Rahminiwati
  • Adi Riyadhi
Keywords: Kamandrah (Croton tiglium L.), biological larvacidal, Dengue Haemorraghic fever, agrobiphysic study

Abstract

The aim of the research is to obtain the ecological condition and propagation of kamandrah (Croton tiglium L.) and determination of its potency as biological larvacidal for preventing dengue haemorraghic fever. Agrobiophysic study indicated that Croton tiglium L. plant need full sunlight(> 70 %). low intensity of sunlight could decrease the ability of plant to produce seed. The plant could grow well on podzolic land (30-50 m upon sea surface). Seed of kamandrah from Ampah has growth percentage of 43.8 °/o, height of 27.5 em, stem diameter of 5 em, total leaves of 10, and total primary branches of 2. Phytochemical assay resulted that among other part of Kamandrah, Kamandrah seed has highest alkaloid content. Because alkaloid compound has high larvicidal activity, kamandrah seed has high potency as larvicide. Among all of extracts of part of plant, oil of Croton tiglium L. has the highest potency as biological larvacidal with 863.67 ppm of LC50 for 24 hours of treatment.

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Author Biographies

Dyah Iswantini
Departemen Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan IPA, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Rosihan Rosman
Balai Penelitian Tanaman Obat dan Aromatik, Balittro, Bogor
Upik Kesumawati
Departemen Ilmu Penyakit Hewan & Kesmavet, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Djumali Mangunwidjaja
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
Min Rahminiwati
Pusat Studi Biofarmaka LPPM, Institut Pertanian Bogor
Adi Riyadhi
Departemen Kimia Fakultas Matematika dan IPA, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680

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How to Cite
Iswantini, D., Rosman, R., Kesumawati, U., Mangunwidjaja, D., Rahminiwati, M., & Riyadhi, A. (1). Studi agrobiofisik kamandrah (croton tiglium L.) dan penentuan potensi awal kamandrah sebagai larvasida hayati pencegah penyakit demam berdarah dengue. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia, 14(2), 83-90. Retrieved from http://jurnal.ipb.ac.id/index.php/JIPI/article/view/6481

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