Komparasi Karakter Morfologi Sapi Madura Sonok dan Madura Pedaging

Siti Lutvaniyah, Dyah Perwitasari Farajallah, Achmad Farajallah


Madura cattle was selected into three groups by Madura people, there are karapan, sonok, and beef cattle. This selection based on morphological characters and pedigree. The differences of morphological characters in Sonok and beef cattle have not been reported. This research aimed to analyze morphological characters of both types, such as the differences in behaviors. This research was conducted from January-April 2016 at Sumenep and Pamekasan region, Madura Island. Preliminary was conducted with interviews, observation, and literature studies to obtain some characters which will be observed. Eighteen characters were observed in forty-two sonok cattle and fifty beef cattle. Qualitative data was analyzed by frequency analysis and use as input for principal component analysis (PCA) in Minitab 16 Statistical Software. The result shows that all of the observed cattle are divided into two groups. It indicates that sonok and beef cattle have different color around the eye area, the existence of back line, horn direction, and the existence of hump. However, further, observation is needed to find a robust character which can distinguish sonok and beef cattle for sonok selection.


madura cattle; morphological characteristic; sonok and beef type

Full Text:



de Jonge H. 1990. Of bulls and men: the Madurese aduan sapi. Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences of Southeast Asia. 146(4): 423-447.

Dytham C. 1999. Choosing and Statistics: A Biologist’s Guide. Oxford (GB): Blackwell Science Ltd.

Febriana A, Farajallah A, Perwitasari D. 2015. Kejadian indel simultan pada intron 7 gen Branched-Chain ɑ-Ketoacid Dehydrogenase E1a (BCKDHA) pada sapi Madura. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia. 20(2): 97-102.

Firdhausi NF. 2010. Asal usul sapi Madura berdasarkan penanda DNA mitokondria. [Tesis]. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Grandin T, Deesing MJ, Struthers JJ, Swinker AM. 1995. Cattle with hair whorl pattern above the eyes are more behaviorally agitated during restraint. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 46(1-2): 117-123. http://doi.org/dh4b55

Kutsiyah F. 2012. Analisis pembibitan sapi potong di pulau Madura. Wartazoa. 22(3): 113-126.

Nijman IJ, Otsen M, Verkaar ELC, de Ruijter C, Hanekamp E, Ochieng JW, Rege JEO, Hanotte O, Barwegen MW, Sulawati T, Lenstra JA. 2003. Hybridization of banteng (Bos javanicus) and zebu (Bos indicus) revealed by mitochondrial DNA, satellite DNA, AFLP and microsatellites. Heredity. 90(1): 10-16. http://doi.org/c2grht

Payne WJA, Hodges J. 1997. Tropical Cattle: Origins, Breed, and Breeding Policies. Oxford (GB): Blackwell Science Ltd.

Payne WJA, Rollinson DHL. 1976. Madura cattle. Z. Tierzȕchtg. Zȕchtgsbiol. 93: 89-100.

Setiadi B, Diwyanto K. 1997. Karakterisasi Morfologis Sapi Madura. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner. 2(4): 218-224.

Uggla CM. 2008. Investigating genetic variability within specific indigenous Indonesia cattle breed. [Disertasi]. Swedia (SE): Swedish University of Agricultural Science.

Widi TSM, Hartatik T, Udo HMJ. 2010. Traditional art contest of sonok as an alternative selection for Madura cattle. [Internet]. [diunduh 2016 Mei 5]. Tersedia pada: http://www.researchgate.net/ publication/266852024.

Widi TSM, Udo HMJ, Oldenbroek K, Budiastria IGS, Baliarti E, van der Zijpp AJ. 2014. Unique cultural values of Madura cattle: is cross-breeding a threat?. Animal Genetic Resource. 54: 141-152.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.18343/jipi.22.1.67

View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email: jipi-lppm@apps.ipb.ac.id; jipi-lppm@ipb.ac.id