Penerapan Teknik Citra Digital Sebagai Metode Pengukuran Morfometrik Ternak Pada Sapi Bali dan Peranakan Ongole
AbstractMorphometric measurements using digital image technique give a lot of benefits i.e., a safer method both for the researchers and the experimental animals, produce a more accurate morphometric data, reduce the stress in the experimental animals and produce a more detail and complete morphometric data. This experiment used 20 Ongole cross cattle and 20 Bali cattle with the average age of 3 years. Digital image data were collected by using DSLR camera with 18Mp resolution. The collected digital image data were analyzed by using Image J program. Parameters measured in this observation were body length, body height, hip height, pelvic height, loin height, the length of ossa vertebrae cervicales, the length of ossa vertebrae thoracicae, the length of ossa vertebrae lumbales, the length of os scapula, the length of os humerus, the length of ossa radius-ulna, the length of os metacarpale III, the length of os femoris, the length of ossa tibia-fibula, and the length of os metatarsale III. Digital image technique could replace the manual technique for morphometric measurement with a lower level of variance (<10%). Application of digital image technique for measurement of morphometric parameters in Ongole Cross and Bali cattle showed that Bali cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in body frame and body axis while Ongole Cross cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in fore and hind legs.
Berg RT, Butterfield RM. 1976. New Concept of Cattle Growth. Sydney Univ Press (AU).
Bewley JM, Peacock AM, Lewis O, Boyce RE, Roberts DJ, Coffey MP, Kenyon SJ, Schutz MM. 2008. Potential for estimation of body condition scores in dairy cattle from digital images. Journal of Dairy Science. 91(9): 3439-3453. http://doi.org/bzrrtx
Brody S. 1945. Bioenergetics and Growth. New York (US): Reinhold Publishing Corporation.
Budras K-D, Habel RE. 2003. Bovine Anatomy, An Illustrated Text 1st Edition. Hannover (DE): Schlütersche GmbH & Co.
Butterfield RM. 1963. Estimation of Carcass Composition. The Anatomical Approach. Symposium on Carcass Composition and Appraisal of Meat Animals. 4-1-4-14.
Butterfield RM, May NDS. 1966. Muscle of the Ox. St Lucia (AU): University of Queensland Press.
Calder WA. 1984. Size, Function and Life History. Cambridge, Mass (US): Harvard University Press.
Hanifah KA. 1991. Rancangan Percobaan: Teori dan Aplikasi. Cetakan ke-5. Jakarta (ID): PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.
Hollo´ I, Szucs E, Tozser G. Hollo P. Rozsahegyi, Repa I. 1997. Modeling of estimated carcass values in cattle by X-ray computer tomography. Journal of Animal Science. 75(Suppl. 1 155).
Karnuah AB, Moriya K, Nakanishi N, Nade T, Mitsuhashi T, Sasaki Y. 2001. Computer image analysis for prediction of carcass composition from carcass-section of Japanese Black steers. Journal of Animal Science. 79(11): 2851-2856.
Lawrence TLJ. 2002. Growth of Farm Animal Second Edition. Liverpool (GB): CABI Publishing. http://doi.org/cm7z88
Lister D. 1980. Growth and meat quality in animals. P. 287-295. In: Growth In Animals. Lawrences TLJ (editor). Butterworths. http://doi.org/bfd7
Marcus LF. 1990. Chapter 4. Traditional morphometrics. In Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometric Workshop. Special Publication No. 2. Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL. Ann Arbor MI, The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: 77-122.
Ozkaya S. 2012. Accuracy of body measurements using digital image analysis in female Holstein calves. Animal Production Science. 52(10): 917-920. http://doi.org/bfdp
Scanes CG. 2003. Biology of Growth of Domestic Animal. Iowa (US): Iowa State Press.
Schimidt-Nielsen K. 1984. Scaling: Why is Animal Size so Important?. Cambridge (GB): Cambridge University Press.
Smuts MMS, le Roux JMW. 1976. Areas of muscular attachment and their correlation with foraminous area of cervical vertebrae of the ox (Bos taurus L.). Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 5(3): 253-266. http://doi.org/fv6ftb
Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Terjemahan Bambang S. Jakarta (ID): PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Tulloh NM. 1978. Growth, development, body composition, breeding and management. In. Bowker WAT, Dumsday RG, Frisch JF, Swan RA, Tulloh NM (Ed.). A.A.U.C.S., Australian Vice-Chancellor’s Committee. Brisbane (AU): Academy Press Pty Ltd.
Wiltbank JN. 1983. Maintenance of a high level of reproductive performance in the beef cow herd. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Large animal practice. 5(1): 41-57.
World Associatin of Veterinary Anatomist. 2005. Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria 5th edition. Editorial Committee. Hannover.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).