Penerapan Teknik Citra Digital Sebagai Metode Pengukuran Morfometrik Ternak Pada Sapi Bali dan Peranakan Ongole

Bramada Winiar Putra, Asnath Maria Fuah, Henny Nuraini, Rudy Priyanto


Morphometric measurements using digital image technique give a lot of benefits i.e., a safer method both for the researchers and the experimental animals, produce a more accurate morphometric data, reduce the stress in the experimental animals and produce a more detail and complete morphometric data. This experiment used 20 Ongole cross cattle and 20 Bali cattle with the average age of 3 years. Digital image data were collected by using DSLR camera with 18Mp resolution. The collected digital image data were analyzed by using Image J program. Parameters measured in this observation were body length, body height, hip height, pelvic height, loin height, the length of ossa vertebrae cervicales, the length of ossa vertebrae thoracicae, the length of ossa vertebrae lumbales, the length of os scapula, the length of os humerus, the length of ossa radius-ulna, the length of os metacarpale III, the length of os femoris, the length of ossa tibia-fibula, and the length of os metatarsale III. Digital image technique could replace the manual technique for morphometric measurement with a lower level of variance (<10%). Application of digital image technique for measurement of morphometric parameters in Ongole Cross and Bali cattle showed that Bali cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in body frame and body axis while Ongole Cross cattle has a potential for muscle deposition in fore and hind legs.


Bali cattle, body comparation, digital image, morphometric, Ongole cross cattle

Full Text:



Berg RT, Butterfield RM. 1976. New Concept of Cattle Growth. Sydney Univ Press (AU).

Bewley JM, Peacock AM, Lewis O, Boyce RE, Roberts DJ, Coffey MP, Kenyon SJ, Schutz MM. 2008. Potential for estimation of body condition scores in dairy cattle from digital images. Journal of Dairy Science. 91(9): 3439-3453.

Brody S. 1945. Bioenergetics and Growth. New York (US): Reinhold Publishing Corporation.

Budras K-D, Habel RE. 2003. Bovine Anatomy, An Illustrated Text 1st Edition. Hannover (DE): Schlütersche GmbH & Co.

Butterfield RM. 1963. Estimation of Carcass Composition. The Anatomical Approach. Symposium on Carcass Composition and Appraisal of Meat Animals. 4-1-4-14.

Butterfield RM, May NDS. 1966. Muscle of the Ox. St Lucia (AU): University of Queensland Press.

Calder WA. 1984. Size, Function and Life History. Cambridge, Mass (US): Harvard University Press.

Hanifah KA. 1991. Rancangan Percobaan: Teori dan Aplikasi. Cetakan ke-5. Jakarta (ID): PT. Raja Grafindo Persada.

Hollo´ I, Szucs E, Tozser G. Hollo P. Rozsahegyi, Repa I. 1997. Modeling of estimated carcass values in cattle by X-ray computer tomography. Journal of Animal Science. 75(Suppl. 1 155).

Karnuah AB, Moriya K, Nakanishi N, Nade T, Mitsuhashi T, Sasaki Y. 2001. Computer image analysis for prediction of carcass composition from carcass-section of Japanese Black steers. Journal of Animal Science. 79(11): 2851-2856.

Lawrence TLJ. 2002. Growth of Farm Animal Second Edition. Liverpool (GB): CABI Publishing.

Lister D. 1980. Growth and meat quality in animals. P. 287-295. In: Growth In Animals. Lawrences TLJ (editor). Butterworths.

Marcus LF. 1990. Chapter 4. Traditional morphometrics. In Proceedings of the Michigan Morphometric Workshop. Special Publication No. 2. Rohlf FJ, Bookstein FL. Ann Arbor MI, The University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: 77-122.

Ozkaya S. 2012. Accuracy of body measurements using digital image analysis in female Holstein calves. Animal Production Science. 52(10): 917-920.

Scanes CG. 2003. Biology of Growth of Domestic Animal. Iowa (US): Iowa State Press.

Schimidt-Nielsen K. 1984. Scaling: Why is Animal Size so Important?. Cambridge (GB): Cambridge University Press.

Smuts MMS, le Roux JMW. 1976. Areas of muscular attachment and their correlation with foraminous area of cervical vertebrae of the ox (Bos taurus L.). Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 5(3): 253-266.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH. 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Terjemahan Bambang S. Jakarta (ID): PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Tulloh NM. 1978. Growth, development, body composition, breeding and management. In. Bowker WAT, Dumsday RG, Frisch JF, Swan RA, Tulloh NM (Ed.). A.A.U.C.S., Australian Vice-Chancellor’s Committee. Brisbane (AU): Academy Press Pty Ltd.

Wiltbank JN. 1983. Maintenance of a high level of reproductive performance in the beef cow herd. Veterinary Clinics of North America. Large animal practice. 5(1): 41-57.

World Associatin of Veterinary Anatomist. 2005. Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria 5th edition. Editorial Committee. Hannover.


View JIPI Stats


   Creative Commons License

This journal is published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office: Institute for Research and Community Services (LPPM), Andi Hakim Nasoetion Building, 5th Floor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, IPB Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, Indonesia 16680, Telp/Fax: +62251-8622323, email:;